1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Vicia L.
      1. Vicia benghalensis L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Madeira, S. Europe, NW. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Straggling, climbing or trailing annual or short-lived perennial 20–80 cm. tall.
    Stem
    Stems densely pubescent or pilose when young, often becoming glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 10–17-foliolate; leaflets linear, oblong or elliptic, 1–2·5 cm. long, 1·5–6 mm. wide, pilose; rhachis terminated by a tendril; stipules semisagittate, entire or denticulate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 2–20-flowered.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube gibbous at the base, the teeth unequal, the lower ones exceeding the tube.
    Corolla
    Corolla 1–1·8 cm. long, reddish-purple, with tip very dark.
    Fruits
    Pods narrowly oblong, 2·5–4 cm. long, 0·8–1·1 cm. wide, usually densely adpressed pubescent or villous, but sometimes only on the suture.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3–5.
    Habitat
    Weed in cultivated ground and disturbed areas; 2400–2800 m.
    Distribution
    native of Mediterranean region, Portugal and Azores, now widely cultivated (winter or hairy vetch) and also appearing as a weed in other cropsit has been found as an escape several times in Kenya K3
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Mediterranean grasslands., Mediterranean anthropic landscapes., Afromontane (upland) anthropic landscapes, Cultivated
    Habit
    Annual, Climbing, Herb
    Vernacular
    Hairy Vetch, Purple Vetch, Winter Vetch
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 2550 - 2700 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba, trepadora

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Azores, Baleares, Corse, France, Greece, Italy, Madeira, Morocco, Portugal, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Tunisia, Western Sahara

    Introduced into:

    Austria, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Chile North, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Northern Provinces, Palestine, Queensland, St.Helena, Uruguay, Western Australia

    Vicia benghalensis L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 736 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Dufour-Dror, J.M. & Fragman-Sapir, O. in Dufour-Dror, J.M. (2019). Alien Plant Species in Natural & Disturbed Areas in Israel Alien Invasive Plants in Israel, ed. 2: 1-246. Dan Perry Pub., Nature & Parks Authority, Israel Ministry of Environmental Protection.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Rodríguez, R., Grau, J., Baeza, C. & Davies, A. (2008). Lista comentada de las plantas vasculares de los Nevados de Chillan, Chile Gayana. Botánica 65: 153-197.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Greuter, W., Burdet, H.M. & Long, G. (eds.) (1989). Med-checklist 4: 1-458. Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques de la Ville de Genève.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Rodríguez, R., Grau, J., Baeza, C. & Davies, A. (2008). Lista comentada de las plantas vasculares de los Nevados de Chillan, Chile Gayana. Botánica 65: 153-197.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Dobignard, A., Jacquemoud, F. & Jordan, D. (1992). Matériaux pour la conaissance floristique du Sahara occidental et l'Anti-Atlas méridional. II. Leguminosae à Compositae Candollea 47: 397-481.
    • Greuter, W., Burdet, H.M. & Long, G. (eds.) (1989). Med-checklist 4: 1-458. Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques de la Ville de Genève.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brown, L.C. (1982). The Flora and Fauna of St Helena: 1-88. Land Resources Development Centre, Surbiton, England.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Ball in Fl. Europaea 2: 132 (1968).
    • L., Sp. Pl.: 736 (1753).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Hickman, J. C. (ed.) (1993). The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. 1400pp.
    • Horn, P. E. (1988). Herbarium References
    • Marchant, N. G. et al (1987). Flora of the Perth Region, Part 2.
    • Terrell, E. E. (1977). Checklist of Names for 3, 000 Vas. Pl... Agric. Handbook No. 505
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill
    • Quezel, P. & Santa, S. (1962). Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie et des regions desertiq. merid. 1

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0