1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Vicia L.
      1. Vicia paucifolia Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Congo to Ethiopia and Zambia.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Zambezian bushland and thicket, Zambezian grassland, Afromontane(upland) bushland and thicket., Afromontane grassland, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; bushland and thicket
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Straggling climbing or suberect perennial (? always) herb 0·3–1 m. long.
    Stem
    Stems mostly very densely long-pilose when very young, later sparsely so or glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves 2–7-foliolate; leaflets linear or oblong to narrowly elliptic, 1–4·5 cm. long, (0·5–)1–8 mm. wide, narrowed at both ends, mucronulate, sparsely loosely pilose; petiole up to 8 mm. long; rhachis terminated by a simple or branched tendril; petiolules ± 1 mm. long; stipules semi-sagittate and sometimes with an additional lateral tooth, 0·5–1·3 cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences (1–)2–8-flowered, 1–3 cm. long; peduncle 0·5–6 cm. long; pedicels 2–4 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx laxly pilose; tube 2–3 mm. long; lobes sub-equal, linear-lanceolate, 1–4 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla blue or violet; standard sometimes greenish outside and veined purplish, obovate, 8–10 mm. long, 6 mm. wide, emarginate; keel often greenish.
    Fruits
    Pods narrowly oblong, flat, 5–11-seeded, 2–4 cm. long, 4–7·5 mm. wide, glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds greenish-brown, densely mottled black, irregularly subglobose or ellipsoid, compressed, longer dimensions 2·5–3 mm., 1·5–2 mm. thick; aril yellowish or orange, produced into a tail.
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Delicate straggling climbing or suberect perennial herb up to 1 m tall.
    Stem
    Stems angular, densely pilose when young, becoming sparsely pilose to subglabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves 2–7-foliolate, the lower pairs opposite or alternate; leaflets 12–45 × 1–5.5(7) mm, linear to narrowly elliptic, narrowed at both ends, mucronulate, sparsely pilose on both surfaces; petiole obsolete or up to 8 mm long; rhachis terminating in a simple or branched tendril or sometimes a bristle; petiolules c. 1 mm long; stipules 5–13 mm long, semi-sagittate, sometimes with 1–2 additional teeth.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 1–5-flowered; peduncle 20–35 mm long; pedicels 2–4 mm long, pilose, more densely so towards the apex.
    Calyx
    Calyx laxly pilose to subglabrous; tube 2–2.5 mm long; lobes subequal, 1–5 mm long, narrowly triangular-subulate to linear.
    Corolla
    Corolla blue, mauve or violet, 9–10 mm long; standard c. 10 × 6.5 mm, obovate, emarginate, sometimes greenish; wings as long as the standard or a little shorter; keel c. 6.5 mm long, obtuse.
    Style
    Style c. 1.5 mm long, densely pubescent all round towards the apex.
    Fruits
    Pod 24–30 × 4–7.5 mm, oblong, flat, glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds greenish-brown and densely mottled black to black, usually (3)6–10, c. 3 × 2.5 × 2 mm, irregularly subglobose, compressed; aril yellowish, produced into a tail.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Vicia paucifolia Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schimper [1218], Ethiopia K000418308 Unknown type material
    Volkens, G. [1008], Tanzania K000418306
    Volkens, G. [658], Tanzania K000418307

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 173 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Boutique in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 6: 81 (1954).
    • A.J. Jex-Blake, Some Wild Flowers of Kenya p. 46 (1948).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 336 (1948).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 347 (1929).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 173 (1871).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0