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  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Vigna Savi
      1. Vigna ambacensis Welw. ex Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A twiner
    Indumentum
    Grey-pubescent stems
    Flowers
    Bright yellow flowers
    Note
    Only the upper few flowers of the raceme develop.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Annual or perennial climbing, or rarely suberect, herb, 0·9–7 m. long.
    Stem
    Stems covered with ± spreading often ferruginous hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, oblong or ovate-lanceolate or ovate-oblong to linear-lanceolate, 2·5–15 cm. long, 0·3–5 cm. wide, narrowly rounded to acuminate and apiculate at the apex, rounded and sometimes subhastate at the base, sparsely to densely pubescent on both surfaces; petiole 1·5–7 cm. long; rhachis 0·4–1·7 cm. long; petiolules 1–2 mm. long; stipules ovate-lanceolate, 2–5 mm. long, slightly bilobed at the base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary; rhachis 1–4(–8) cm. long, conspicuously glandular; peduncle 1·5–15 cm. long; pedicels 3–5 mm. long; bracteoles subpersistent, ovate-lanceolate, 1·5–5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent; tube 2–3 mm. long; lobes deltoid, 0·6–2 mm. long, the upper pair united to form an entire or slightly bifid lobe.
    Corolla
    Standard white, yellow or brownish outside, often tinged greenish-purple, blue or violet inside or in western Africa entirely yellow, broadly obovate, 1–2·2 cm. long, 1·5–2·5 cm. wide, pubescent or velvety outside with adpressed hairs; wings yellow or white tinged violet at the apex or all mauve or blue; keel yellow, white or purple with the beak neither curved nor twisted.
    Fruits
    Pods linear, compressed, 2·7–6 cm. long, 4–7 mm. wide, pubescent, 4–8-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds greenish or reddish-brown, mottled with darker brown or black, oblong, longest dimension 4–5·5 mm., shorter dimension 2–3·5 mm., 2 mm. thick; aril eccentric, yellowish, 2·3 mm. long, the central prong very short, acute.
    Habitat
    Grassland, bushland, sometimes by streams and in marshes; 750–1800 m.
    Distribution
    K5 T1 T4 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3 U4 W. Africa

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Vigna ambacensis Welw. ex Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1970 Dummer, R. [4441], Uganda K000263442 isosyntype
    Jan 1, 1970 Dummer, R. [4441], Uganda K000263443 Unknown type material
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10896], Tanzania 24461.000
    Letouzey, R. [13182], Cameroon K000087355
    Schimper [454], Ethiopia K000263414 isosyntype
    Schimper [458], Ethiopia K000263415 isosyntype
    Welwitsch [2260], Angola K000263435 Unknown type material
    Stupe(?) [983], Niger K000263365 Unknown type material
    Brunt, M.A. [894], Cameroon K000087357

    Bibliography

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 201 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Not accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Vigna heterophylla.]
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391. [Cited as Vigna heterophylla.]
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento. [Cited as Vigna heterophylla.]

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Wilczek in Fl. Congo Belge 6: 355
    • Bak. f. Leg. Trop. Afr. 2: 400 (1929)
    • in F.T.A. 2: 201 (1871)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 266 (1966).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 568 (1958).
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 6: 355 (1954).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 400 (1929).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 201 (1871).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0