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This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon to Eritrea and S. Tropical Africa, SW. Arabian Peninsula.

[FZ]

Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial climbing, or rarely suberect, herb, 0.9–7 m long.
Morphology Stem
Stem pubescent, covered with spreading often dark ferruginous hairs 0.5–2 mm long.
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets 3, 4.5–15 × 1–5 cm, oblong or ovate-lanceolate or ovate-oblong to linear-lanceolate, narrowly rounded to acuminate and apiculate at the apex, rounded or subcordate at the base, sparsely to densely pubescent on both surfaces; petiole 4–6 cm long; rhachis 0.7–1.5 cm long; stipules 2–4 × 1–1.5 mm, ovate-lanceolate, bilobed at the base, multinerved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Peduncle 5–15 cm × 0.5–1.5 mm, pubescent; rhachis 0.7–2 cm long, 4–6-noded, internodes 1–4 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flower blue to mauve and violet, 11–14 × 12–15 mm; pedicel 1–4 mm long, expanding as the pod matures; bracteoles 1.5–5 mm long, ovate-lanceolate, multinerved, rarely 1- or 3-nerved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx pubescent; tube 1.5–2.5 mm long; lobes 1–4 mm long, deltate, the lower as long as the laterals, the upper pair united to form an entire or slightly bifid lobe.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard pubescent or velvety outside with appressed hairs, with two U-shaped appendages inside; keel slightly twisted towards the right, with a short beak.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 6–10-ovuled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod 3.5–4.5 cm × 4–5 mm, linear-cylindrical, S-shaped, slightly pubescent to densely covered with spreading, dark ferruginous bristly hairs, with a short curved beak.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 4–5.5 × 2–3.5 × c. 2 mm; hilum excentric; aril very excentric.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; grasslands., Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; bushland and thicket, Guinea-Congolia/Zambezia regional transition zone: bushland and thicket.
Morphology General Habit
Annual, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial climbing, scrambling or sometimes even suberect herb, ± 1 m. long.
Morphology Stem
Stems covered with spreading, often dark ferruginous hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaflets 3, ovate to narrowly oblong-lanceolate or lanceolate, 1·7–8·5 cm. long, 0·5–3·3 cm. wide, narrowly rounded to acute and acuminate at the apex, rounded at the base, pubescent on both surfaces; petiole 1–6 cm. long; rhachis 0·4–1·3 cm. long; petiolules 2–3 mm. long; stipules ovate-lanceolate, 3–4 mm. long, bilobed at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary; rhachis 0·7–2 cm. long; peduncles 1–10 cm. long; pedicels 1–4 mm. long; bracteoles sub-persistent, lanceolate, 3 mm. long, slightly produced below the point of attachment.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx pubescent with mostly dark ferruginous spreading bristly hairs; tube 2–2·5 mm. long; lobes narrowly triangular-lanceolate, 3–4 mm. long, the upper pair united into a slightly bifid lip.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard blue or violet, sometimes tinged green outside, rounded, 1·1 cm. long, 1·2 cm. wide, adpressed velvety outside; wings deep mauve; keel almost white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods linear, compressed, 1·5–4·3 cm. long, 4·5–6 mm. wide, densely covered with spreading, dark ferruginous bristly hairs, particularly noticeable when young.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds stone-grey to dark reddish-brown, with black mottling, longest dimension 4 mm., shorter dimension 2·5–3 mm., 2 mm. thick; aril very eccentric, usually shorter and more cordate than in the next species.
Habitat
Grassland, also a weed in wheat fields; 1680–2010 m.
Distribution
K3 T7 U1

Native to:

Angola, Cameroon, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre

Vigna heterophylla A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 1, 2010 Biye, E. [97], Cameroon K000746559
Petit [s.n.], Ethiopia K000263416
Petit [s.n.], Ethiopia K000263417
Schimper, M.W. [243], Ethiopia K000263418 Unknown type material
Schimper [465], Ethiopia K000263420
Schimper [464], Ethiopia K000263419

First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 218 (1847)

Accepted by

  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 218 (1847).
  • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 410 (1929).
  • Bak. in E.T.A. 2: 197 (1871).
  • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 6: 377 (1954).

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

International Legume Database and Information Service
International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0