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  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Vigna Savi
      1. Vigna kirkii (Baker) J.B.Gillett

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Perennial climbing herb 1.8–4 m long.
    Stem
    Stem glabrescent or with short appressed tubercular-based hairs which on the older stem lose their fine points and leave characteristic minute hooks.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets 3, 1.5–10 × 0.5–5.5 cm, ovate or oblong to ovate-lanceolate, obtuse acute to rounded and mucronulate at the apex, truncate, rounded or subcordate sometimes subhastate at the base, glabrous or sparsely pubescent; venation slightly raised and reticulate; petioles 1–10 cm long; rhachis 0.1–2 cm long; stipules 2–6 × c. 1 mm, lanceolate, bilobed at the base, multinerved.
    Inflorescences
    Peduncle 2–15 cm × 0.3–1 mm, glabrous to sparsely pubescent; rhachis usually 1-noded, rarely up to 5-noded, internodes 2–6 mm long.
    Flowers
    Flower pink or (in Zambia) whitish, 11–15 mm long; pedicel 1–3 mm long, not really expanding as the pod matures; bracteoles 1.5–2.5 mm long, oblong-lanceolate, 1-nerved.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent or glabrous; tube 2–3 mm long; lobes 1–4 mm long, the lower slightly longer, the upper pair united to form an emarginate to apiculate lip.
    Corolla
    Standard asymmetrical, without appendages; keel twisted towards the right, curved inward for c. 260°, the left-hand petal with a small but distinct upward pocket just behind the middle.
    Ovary
    Ovary 11–15-ovuled.
    Fruits
    Pod 7–9.5 cm × 3.5–4.5 mm, linear cylindrical, almost straight, glabrous or covered with hooked hairs, with a short curved beak.
    Seeds
    Seed 4–5 × 2–2.5 × 1.8 mm; hilum excentric; aril excentric.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; grasslands., Somalia-Masai grasslands, Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; grassland., Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Zambezian grassland
    Habit
    Annual, Climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial (or rarely annual, fide Milne-Redhead & Taylor 9917) climbing herb 1·8–4 m. long.
    Stem
    Stems glabrescent or with short adpressed tubercular-based hairs which on the older stems lose their fine points and leave characteristic minute hooks.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, ovate or oblong to ovate-lanceolate, 1·3–10 cm. long, 0·5–5·5 cm. wide, acute to rounded and mucronulate at the apex, truncate, rounded or sometimes subhastate at the base, glabrous or sparsely pubescent; venation slightly raised and reticulate; petioles 0·7–10 cm. long; rhachis 0·1–2 cm. long; petiolules 0·5–3 mm. long; stipules lanceolate, 2–6 mm. long, bilobed and prolonged at the base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, (1–)2(very rarely –3–5)-flowered; peduncle 2–15 cm. long; pedicels ± 1 mm. long; bracteoles deciduous, oblong-lanceolate, 1·5–2·5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx sparsely pubescent or glabrous; tube 2–4 mm. long; lobes triangular-lanceolate, 1–4 mm. long, the upper pair united to form an emarginate to apiculate lip.
    Corolla
    Standard mauve, yellow or white with a yellow patch or very pale blue tinged yellowish, oblate, 1·1–2 cm. long, 1·4–2·2 cm. wide, glabrous and without appendages; wings yellow or white with blue marks; keel white, sometimes tinged with blue, twisted to the left and also curved inward for ± 260°, the left-hand petal with a small but distinct upward pocket just behind the middle.
    Fruits
    Pods held erect, linear, 5–9 cm. long, 3–4·5 mm. wide, glabrous or covered with hooked hairs, ± 15-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds very dark blackish-red, black or brown densely mottled with black, oblong-cylindric, longest dimension 4–5 mm., shorter dimension 2–2·5 mm., 1·8 mm. thick; aril developed, eccentric.
    Habitat
    Seasonally swampy grassland, grassland with scattered trees, old cultivations, also in sandy soil by rivers in semi-desert bushland; 0–1250 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T3 T6 T8 U2 U4 Z

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Vigna kirkii (Baker) J.B.Gillett appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1970 Kirk, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000263434
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9917], Tanzania 24534.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 20: 103 (1966)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Gillett in Kew Bulletin 20: 103 (1966).

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0