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  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Vigna Savi
      1. Vigna schimperi Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to Malawi.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Twining perennial herb, ± 2 m. long from a large fibrous or woody root-stock.
    Stem
    Stems velvety with dense adpressed ferruginous hairs, becoming glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, narrowly ovate-oblong to ovate-lanceolate, less often ovate or ovate-elliptic, (1·2–)3–7 cm. long, (0·6–)1·3–4·8 cm. wide, acute and mucronulate at the apex, ± rounded at the base, sometimes with a slight trace of hastation, sparsely to densely softly pubescent on both surfaces; petiole 1·2–5 cm. long; rhachis 4–12 mm. long; petiolules 2 mm. long; stipules triangular-lanceolate, 3–5 mm. long, usually slightly bilobed at the base but not prolonged in the type.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence subumbellate; rhachis obsolete or up to 1·3 cm. long; peduncle 3–18 cm. long; pedicels 2–7 mm. long; bracteoles deciduous, lanceolate or ovate, 1·5–3·5 mm. long, ± bilobed at the base.
    Calyx
    Calyx finely adpressed pubescent; tube 3–6 mm. long; lateral lobes ovate or deltoid, 2–3 mm. long; lowest lobe lanceolate, 2·5–5 mm. long; upper pair joined to form an acute or bifid lip.
    Corolla
    Standard orange-yellow inside, greenish-yellow outside with brownish tinge or sometimes with small purple marks, obovate, 1·8–2·5 cm. long, 1·6–2·6 cm. wide, emarginate, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Pods held erect, cylindrical, 4–9·5 cm. long, 3·5–4 mm. wide, velvety with closely adpressed ferruginous hairs, ± 16-seeded; beak narrow and curved.
    Seeds
    Seeds reddish-brown mottled with black, oblong-ellipsoidal, longest dimension 3·3 mm., shorter dimension 2·5 mm., 2 mm. thick; hilum oblong, 1 mm. long; rim-aril not developed or only slightly developed.
    Habitat
    Upland grassland, bushland, forest edges, cultivated ground, sometimes by rivers and streams; 1350–2800 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T3 T4 T7 U1 U2
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Lake Victoria regional mosaic; bushland and thicket, Afromontane grassland, Afromontane(upland) bushland and thicket., Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing, Herb
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Twining perennial herb, c. 2 m long from a large fibrous or woody rootstock.
    Stem
    Stem velvety with dense appressed ferruginous hairs, becoming glabrescent.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets 3, 3–7 × 1.3–4.8 cm, narrowly ovate-oblong to ovate-lanceolate, less often ovate or ovate-elliptic, acute and mucronulate at the apex, rounded-subcordate at the base, sometimes with a slight trace of hastation, sparsely to densely softly pubescent on both surfaces; petiole 1.2–5 cm long; rhachis 0.4–1.2 cm long; stipules 3–5 × 1.5 mm, triangular-lanceolate, not produced or slightly bilobed at the base, multinerved.
    Inflorescences
    Peduncle 3–18 cm × 1–2 mm, winged; rhachis obsolete or up to 17 mm long, 14-noded, internode c. 1 mm long.
    Flowers
    Flower yellow, 13–25 mm long; pedicel 2–8 mm long, expanding as the pod matures; bracteoles 1–3.5 × 0.5–0.8 mm, lanceolate or ovate, ciliolate, 1-nerved.
    Calyx
    Calyx finely appressed pubescent; tube 3–6 mm long; lobes 1.5 mm long, the lower twice as long as the laterals, the upper pair joined to form an acute or bifid lip.
    Corolla
    Standard 1.3–2.6 × 1.0–2.1 cm, longer than wide, obovate, with two small oblique appendages; keel slightly twisted towards the right or not twisted.
    Anthers
    Alternate anthers without a pair of glands at their base.
    Pollen
    Pollen exine not reticulate.
    Ovary
    Ovary 13–20-ovuled.
    Fruits
    Pod 4–9.5 cm × 3.5–4 mm, linear-cylindrical, almost straight, velvety with closely appressed ferruginous hairs, beak narrow, very slightly curved or straight.
    Seeds
    Seed 2.5–4 × 1.5–3 × 1.5–2 mm; hilum 0.5–1 mm long, slightly excentric; rim-aril not developed or only slightly developed.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Other Data

    Vigna schimperi Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Tweedie, E.M. [423], Kenya 11643.000
    Schimper [1539], Ethiopia K000263423

    Bibliography

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 201 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 6: 365 (1954).
    • A.J. Jex-Blake, Some Wild Flowers of Kenya p. 47, fig. 36 (1948).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 362, t. 35 (1948).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 404 (1929).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 201 (1871).

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0