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  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Vigna Savi
      1. Vigna vexillata (L.) A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Cultivada y naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 20 - 2000 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico.
    Habit
    Hierba, trepadora
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial climbing or trailing herb, 0·3–6 m. long, from a narrow woody rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems sparsely to very densely covered with brown hairs or bristles.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, ovate to lanceolate or in some variants elliptic or linear-oblong, 2·5–16·5 cm. long, 0·4–8·3 cm. wide, acute or acuminate at the apex, rounded or truncate at the base, usually entire but rarely slightly lobed, pubescent to velvety on both surfaces; venation ± raised and reticulate on both surfaces; petiole 1·5–11 cm. long; rhachis 0·4–3 cm. long; petiolules 2–4 mm. long; stipules lanceolate, 0·5–1·3 cm. long, veined, prolonged and sub-cordate or shortly auriculate at the base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, 2–6-flowered, subumbellate or rhachis very short; peduncle 4·5–36 cm. long; pedicels 1–2 mm. long; bracteoles deciduous, lanceolate, 5–8 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx with long brown or whitish bristly and also short white hairs, rarely glabrescent; tube 5–7 mm. long; lobes linear or linear-lanceolate, 0·2–2 cm. long, the upper pair joined at the base only.
    Corolla
    Standard bilaterally asymmetrical, yellow or more usually pink or purple, sometimes with yellow or purple marks at the base inside, oblate, 2–3·5 cm. long, 2–4 cm. wide, emarginate, glabrous; wings purple, pale at base and on inner face; keel white or pale lilac, asymmetrical, falcate, the beak incurved 180° and twisted to one side and the left-hand petal with a marked pocket in addition to the small basal pockets present in both petals.
    Fruits
    Pods held erect, linear-cylindrical, 4–14 cm. long, 2·5–4 mm. wide, covered with short or long brown bristly hairs, 10–18-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds buff to black, unspotted or brown to dark red with black speckling, oblong or oblong-reniform, longest dimension 2·5–4·5 mm., shorter dimension 2–2·5 mm.; aril vestigial or not developed.
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Perennial climbing or trailing herb, 0.3–6 m long, from a narrow woody rootstock.
    Stem
    Stem sparsely to very densely covered with brown hairs or bristles.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets 3, 2.5–16.5 × 0.4–8.3 cm, ovate to lanceolate or in some variants elliptic to linear-oblong, acute or acuminate at the apex, rounded or truncate at the base, usually entire but rarely slightly lobed, nearly glabrous to pubescent to velvety on both surfaces; venation ± raised and reticulate on both surfaces; petiole 1.5–11 cm long; rhachis 0.4–3 cm long; stipules 5–13 mm long, lanceolate, multinerved, prolonged and subcordate or shortly auriculate at the base.
    Inflorescences
    Peduncle 4.5–36 cm long; rhachis 0–1.5 cm long, 1–4-noded, internodes 2–6 mm long.
    Flowers
    Flower pink to purple, rarely white tinged with mauve, 1.7–2.6 cm long; pedicel 1–2 mm long, not expanding as the pod matures; bracteoles linear-lanceolate, 1-nerved.
    Calyx
    Calyx with long brown or whitish bristly and also short white hairs, rarely glabrescent; tube 4–7 mm long; lobes subequal, the upper pair joined at the base only.
    Corolla
    Standard bilaterally asymmetrical, with 2 parallel widely spaced appendages, rarely without appendages; keel twisted towards the right, asymmetrical, the beak incurved through 180°, the left-hand petal with a marked conical pocket 4–6 mm long.
    Fruits
    Pods 8–14 cm × 3–5 mm, linear-cylindrical, scabrous, covered with short or long brown bristly hairs, with a straight beak.
    Seeds
    Seed with hilum slightly excentric; aril vestigial or not developed.
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    Stems twining or prostrate
    Roots
    Root tuberous and spindle-shaped
    Flowers
    Flowers pink or purplish turning yellow.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Vernacular
    Bejuco Marrullero, Chorreque, Tokambahatsy, Tsiroko, Wal-lima
    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Sudanian woodland, Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; grasslands., Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; woodland, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; woodland., Su
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb
    [ILDIS]
    Use
    Environmental, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    New Guinea

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Vigna vexillata (L.) A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 2, 2007 Bullock, A.A. [3789], Zambia 15697.000
    Jan 1, 2007 Andrade, I.M. [178], Brazil K000931230
    Apr 1, 2002 Mackinder, B. [149], Cameroon K000027472
    Apr 1, 2002 Mackinder, B. [163 b], Cameroon K000027481
    Jan 1, 1998 Franco, A.L.M. [28107], Brazil K000931229
    Oct 1, 1995 Travassos, Z. [235], Pernambuco K000206908
    Oct 1, 1995 Travassos, Z. [235], Pernambuco K000206907
    Jul 31, 1992 Silva, J.M. [1101], Brazil K000931228
    Jan 1, 1979 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8671], Cameroon K000087367
    Jan 1, 1970 Schimper [1426], Ethiopia K000263401
    Jan 1, 1970 Petit [s.n.], Ethiopia K000263400 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1918 Wight, R. [797], India K000900663
    Jan 1, 1918 Wight, R. [797], India K000900664
    Jan 1, 1918 Wight, R. [s.n.], India K000900665
    Milne-Redhead, E. [8529], Tanzania 23875.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7069], Tanzania 26594.000
    Greenway, P.J. [11434], Tanzania 28290.000
    Gillett, J.B. [13976], Kenya 11644.000
    Cruse, A.W. [514], Zimbabwe 11645.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [1027], Kenya 9295.000
    Polhill, R. [349], Kenya 775.000
    Hornby, R.M. [228A], Tanzania 15719.000
    Bidgood, S. [5705], Tanzania K000468719
    Santos, T.S. [3504], Bahia K000206918
    Lima, H.C. [2850], Brazil K000931226
    Lima, H.C. [2850], Brazil K000931227
    Hage, J.L. [721], Bahia K000206916
    Vogel [s.n.], Niger K000263382
    Brown, R. [s.n.], Australia K000279309
    Niger K000263381 holotype
    Pinto, G.C.P. [33283], Bahia K000206900
    Santos, E.B. [64], Bahia K000206917
    Mueller, F. von [s.n.], Australia K000279301
    Mueller, F. von [s.n.], Australia K000279310
    Mueller, F. von [s.n.], Australia K000279311
    Mueller, F. von [s.n.], Australia K000279308
    Moore, C. [s.n.], Australia K000279307
    Bidwill [s.n.], Australia K000279305
    Roger dedit [s.n.], Senegal K000263380
    MacGillivray, J. [s.n.], Australia K000279312
    leg. ign. [s.n.], Australia K000279304
    leg. ign. [s.n.], Australia K000279306
    Pedra Cavalo, G. [637], Bahia K000206919
    Spruce, R. [6238], Ecuador Phaseolus vexillatus K000201003

    Bibliography

    First published in R.de la Sagra, Hist. Fis. Cuba, Bot. 10: 191 (1845)

    Accepted by

    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Ramana, M.V., Swamy, J. & Kumar Tagore, J. (2012). Dendrolobium triangulare (Retz.) Schindl. and Vigna vexillata (L.) A.Rich.: New distributional records to the flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 36: 840-842.
    • Lekhak, M.M. & Yadav, S.R. (2012). Herbacious vegetation of threatened high altitude lateritic plateau ecosystems of Western Ghats, southwestern Maharashtra, India Rheedea 22: 39-61.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Araújo, D. & Alves, M. (2010). Climbing plants of a fragmented area of lowland Atlantic forest, Igarassu, Pernambuco (northeastern Brazil) Phytotaxa 8: 1-24.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Trusty, J.L., Kesler, H.C. & Delgado, G.H. (2006). Vascular flora of Isla del Coco, Costa Rica Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, ser. 4, 57: 247-355.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Japan IIb: 1-550. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Rechinger, K.H. & al. (1984). Papilionaceae II Flora Iranica 157: 1-499. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Wilczek in Fl. Congo Belge 6: 379, t. 29, fig. 18C.
    • Bak. f. Leg. Trop. Afr. 2: 413
    • Chev. Bot. 202
    • —F.T.A. 2: 199 (incl. vars. α and ß)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Ramana, M.V., Swamy, J. & Kumar Tagore, J. (2012). Dendrolobium triangulare (Retz.) Schindl. and Vigna vexillata (L.) A.Rich.: New distributional records to the flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 36: 840-842.
    • Lekhak, M.M. & Yadav, S.R. (2012). Herbacious vegetation of threatened high altitude lateritic plateau ecosystems of Western Ghats, southwestern Maharashtra, India Rheedea 22: 39-61.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Araújo, D. & Alves, M. (2010). Climbing plants of a fragmented area of lowland Atlantic forest, Igarassu, Pernambuco (northeastern Brazil) Phytotaxa 8: 1-24.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Trusty, J.L., Kesler, H.C. & Delgado, G.H. (2006). Vascular flora of Isla del Coco, Costa Rica Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, ser. 4, 57: 247-355.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Japan IIb: 1-550. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
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    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
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    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/