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  1. Family: Lentibulariaceae Rich.
    1. Genus: Utricularia L.
      1. Utricularia arenaria A.DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar, Central India.

    [FTEA]

    Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

    Habit
    Terrestrial herb.
    Rhizoids
    Rhizoids and stolons capillary, numerous from the base of the scape.
    Leaves
    Leaves usually numerous at anthesis, scattered on the stolons, linear-oblanceolate to obovate-spathulate, 2–15 mm. long, 0.3–2 mm. wide, 1-nerved.
    Traps
    Traps numerous, ovoid, stalked, 0.6–1.0 mm. long; mouth terminal; upper lip projecting ± twice as much as the lower, both provided with radiating rows of glandular hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence erect, 2–16 cm. high; flowers 1–5(–8), distant; scape filiform, smooth above, usually papillose at the base; scales few, similar to the bracts; bracts basifixed, ovate-lanceolate, acute, ± 1 mm. long; bracteoles similar but narrower; pedicels 0.5–1 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes subequal, the upper slightly larger, broadly ovate, acute, lower ovate-oblong, rounded or truncate.
    Corolla
    Corolla white or lilac with a yellow spot on the palate, 3–7 mm. long; upper lip narrowly oblong, ±1.5 times as long as the upper calyx-lobe, apex rounded, truncate or emarginate; lower lip orbicular; palate raised, double-crested, the crests smooth or transversely tuberculate; spur conical-subulate, ± twice as long as the lower lip.
    Stamens
    Filaments filiform; anther-thecae subdistinct.
    Pistil
    Ovary ovoid; style very short; stigma lower lip semi-orbicular, upper much smaller, deltoid.
    Fruits
    Capsule globose, 1.5–2.5 mm. in diameter, dehiscing by longitudinal ab- and adaxial slits with thickened margins.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, ± 0.2 mm. long, truncate-conical, angular; testa smooth, cells indistinct, oblong.
    Habitat
    Boggy grassland, damp open sandy ground and rock pavements; sea-level to 2650 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K5 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T6 T7 T8 U1 U3 U4 Senegal to Ethiopia and south to South West Africa and South Africa (Natal), Madagascar and India
    [FZ]

    Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

    Habit
    Terrestrial herb.
    Rhizoids and Stolons
    Rhizoids and stolons capillary, numerous from the base of the peduncle.
    Leaves
    Leaves usually numerous at anthesis, scattered on the stolons, linear-oblanceolate to obovate-spathulate, 2–15 mm. long, 0.3–2 mm. wide, 1-nerved.
    Traps
    Traps numerous, ovoid, stalked, 0.6–1.0 mm. long; mouth terminal provided with dorsal and ventral radiating rows of glandular hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence erect, 2–16 cm. high; flowers 1–5(8), distant; scape filiform, smooth above, usually papillose at the base; scales few, similar to the bracts; bracts basifixed, ovate-lanceolate, acute, more or less 1 mm. long; bracteoles similar but narrower; pedicels 0.5–1 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes subequal, the upper slightly larger, broadly ovate, acute, lower ovate-oblong, rounded or truncate.
    Corolla
    Corolla white or lilac with a yellow spot on the palate, 3–7 mm. long; superior lip narrowly oblong, more or less 1.5 times as long as the upper calyx lobe, with apex rounded, truncate or emarginate; inferior lip circular; palate raised, double-crested, the crest smooth or transversely tuberculate; spur conical-subulate, more or less twice as long as the inferior lip.
    Stamens
    Filaments filiform; anther-thecae subdistinct.
    Pistil
    Ovary ovoid; style very short; inferior lip of stigma semi-circular, the superior deltoid, much smaller.
    Fruits
    Capsule globose, 1.5–2.5 mm. in diam., dehisceing by longitidinal dorsal and ventral slits with thickened margins.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, more or less 0.2 mm. long, truncate-conical, angular; testa smooth, cells indistinct, oblong.
    [FWTA]

    Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Erect, delicate herb 2-6 ins. tall
    Flowers
    Bearing 2-4 white or mauve flowers
    Leaves
    Leaves oblanceolate-spathulate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Chad, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Ghana, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Utricularia arenaria A.DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 30, 2016 Osborne, J. [JO 1020], Zambia 78407.000
    Tanzania 1140.000
    Tanzania 3525.000
    Tanzania 3527.000
    Sierra Leone 3534.000
    Zimbabwe 42604.000
    Zimbabwe 42606.000
    Zimbabwe 42684.000
    Zimbabwe 42686.000
    Tanzania 4797.000
    Tanzania 4799.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [5005], Nigeria 3530.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [578], Kenya 1139.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [868], Kenya 4796.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [339], Kenya 4801.000
    Gillett, J.B. [15393], Nigeria 23945.000
    Wild, H. [3796], Zimbabwe 1134.000
    Wild, H. [3755], Zimbabwe 1135.000
    Wild, H. [4805], Zimbabwe 3465.000
    Wild, H. [2551], Zimbabwe 3529.000
    Wild, H. [2506], Zimbabwe 3533.000
    Wild, H. [42962], Zimbabwe 3535.000
    Richards, H.M. [10045], Zambia 1138.000
    Richards, H.M. [8881], Zambia 3467.000
    Richards, H.M. [9332], Zambia 3469.000
    Richards, H.M. [15132], Zambia 3522.000
    Richards, H.M. [12661], Zambia 3523.000
    Richards, H.M. [12456], Zambia 3526.000
    Richards, H.M. [9933c.], Zambia 3528.000
    Richards, H.M. [9536], Zambia 3531.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [3083], Kenya 30611.000
    Eggeling, W.J. [3049], Uganda 4803.000
    Robson, N.K.B. [1733], Zambia 4800.000
    Faulkner, H. [K.444], Mozambique 4802.000
    Faulkner, H. [2031], Tanzania 4804.000
    Richards, H.M. [18011], Tanzania 23841.000
    Richards, H.M. [18884], Zambia 27379.000
    Richards, H.M. [16474], Zambia 3520.000
    Polhill, R. [1899], Tanzania 3466.000
    Polhill, R. [902], Kenya 3519.000
    Polhill, R. [997], Tanzania 3524.000
    Chandler, P. [1283A], Uganda 3521.000
    Norman, E.M. [R 17], Zimbabwe 1133.000
    Hepper, F.N. [1001], Nigeria 1136.000
    Hepper, F.N. [1000], Nigeria 1137.000
    Hepper, F.N. [1251], Cameroon 3532.000
    Harding [Bally 5132], Kenya 1132.000
    Faulkner, H. [3269], Tanzania 22946.000
    Faulkner, H. [3452], Tanzania 30548.000
    Faulkner, H. [269], Mozambique 3468.000
    Thorold [2013], Nigeria 3470.000
    Bogdan, A. [4666], Kenya 4798.000
    Kirk, Tanzania K000430253
    Schimper [1943], Ethiopia K000430258
    Bidgood, S. [5682], Tanzania K000468742
    Bidgood, S. [5627], Tanzania K000468797
    Baum, H. [116], Angola K001009309
    Welwitsch. [252-a-256], Angola K000430238
    Hess-Wyss, H. [52/692], Angola K001009306
    Hess-Wyss, H. [52/2013], Angola K001009307
    Hess-Wyss, H. [52/2066], Angola K001009308

    Bibliography

    First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 8: 20 (1844)

    Accepted by

    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 8(3): 1-118. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • in DC. Prod. 8: 20 (1844).

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 8(3): 1-118. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • P. Taylor in Fl. Afr. Centr., Lentib.: 22 (1972).
    • P. Taylor in Kew Bulletin 18: 107 (1964)
    • P. Taylor in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 378 (1963)
    • A. DC. in DC., Prodr. 8: 20 (1844).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0