1. Family: Lentibulariaceae Rich.
    1. Genus: Utricularia L.
      1. Utricularia australis R.Br.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Old World.

    [FTEA]

    Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

    Habit
    Aquatic herb, perennating by winter buds (turions).
    Stolons
    Stolons 2 or 3 from the base of the scape, filiform, terete, glabrous, up to 50 cm. long or more, 0.5–1.5 mm. thick; internodes 3–10 mm.; rhizoids few (2–4) from the scape-base, capillary, 1–2 cm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves very numerous, 2-branched from the base, each branch 1–5 cm. long, ovate to lanceolate in outline, pinnately branched; pinnae alternate, repeatedly dichotomously forked; ultimate segments capillary, setulose.
    Traps
    Traps usually numerous, lateral on the leaf-segments just above the point of bifurcation, obliquely ovoid, stalked, 1–2 mm. long; mouth lateral, oblique; upper lip with 2 slender ± branched hairs; lower lip with a variable number of simple hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence erect, up to 15 cm. high; scape usually straight at anthesis but becoming very flexuous, 1–2 mm. thick, smooth and glabrous; flowers 4–6, ± congested at anthesis, inflorescence-axis elongating after anthesis; scales 1–2(3), a short distance below the lowermost flower, similar to the bracts; bracts basifixed, orbicular, ± 3 mm. long, decurrent; bracteoles absent; pedicels filiform, 1–2 cm. long, erect at anthesis, elongating and spreading or deflexing after anthesis.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes subequal, ovate, ± 3 mm. long; upper lobe apex rounded, hyaline; lower lobe truncate or emarginate.
    Corolla
    Corolla pale yellow, ±15 mm. long; upper lip orbicular or broadly ovate, truncate, 2–3 times as long as the upper calyx-lobe; lower lip oblate or reniform, ± as long as the upper lip and up to twice as wide; palate raised, gibbous; spur stout, conical, slightly curved, obtuse, usually shorter than the lower lip, with shortly stalked glands on the inner adaxial surface only.
    Stamens
    Filaments filiform; anther-thecae confluent.
    Pistil
    Ovary globose, minutely lepidote; style distinct, almost as long as the ovary; stigma lower lip semi-orbicular, margin ciliate, upper almost obsolete.
    Fruits
    Capsules apparently never produced.
    Habitat
    Lakes and pools; 900–1860 m., not flowering at the lower altitudes and usually (S. of the equator) sporadic and probably introduced by migratory birds
    Distribution
    K3 T2 T4 U2 Sudan, South Africa (Transvaal, Natal)mainly Europe and temperate Asia to Japan
    [FZ]

    Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

    Habit
    Aquatic herb, perennating by winter buds (turions).
    Stolons
    Stolons 2 or 3 from the base of the peduncle, filiform, terete, glabrous, up to 50 cm. long or more, 0.5–1.5 mm. thick; internodes 3–10 mm; rhizoids few (2–4) from the peduncle base, capillary, 1–12 cm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves very numerous, 2-branched from the base, each branch 1–5 cm. long, ovate to lanceolate in outline, pinnately branched; pinnae alternate, repeatedly dichotomously forked; ultimate segments capillary, setulose.
    Traps
    Traps usually numerous, lateral on the leaf-segments just above the point of bifurcation, obliquely ovoid, stalked, 1–2 mm. long; mouth lateral, oblique, with 2 dorsal slender more or less branched hairs, and a variable number of ventral simple hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence erect, up to 15 cm. high; peduncle usually straight at anthesis but becoming very flexuous, 1–2 mm. thick, smooth and glabrous; flowers 4–6, more or less congested at anthesis, inflorescence-axis elongating after anthesis; scales 1–2(3), a short distance below the lowermost flower, similar to the bracts; bracts basifixed, circular, more or less 3 mm. long, decurrent; bracteoles absent; pedicels filiform, 1–2 cm. long, erect at anthesis, elongating and spreading or deflexing after anthesis.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes subequal, ovate, more or less 3 mm. long; superior lobe with apex rounded, hyaline; lower lobe truncate or emarginate.
    Corolla
    Corolla pale yellow, more or less 15 mm. long; superior lip circular or broadly ovate, truncate, 2–3 times as long as the upper calyx lobe; inferior lip oblate or reniform, more or less as long as the superior lip and up to twice as wide; palate raised, gibbous; spur stout, conical, slightly curved, obtuse, usually shorteper lip and up to twice as wide; palate raised, gibbous; spur stout, conical, slightly curved, obtuse, usually shorter than the inferior lip, with shortly stalked glands on the whole of the inner surface of the distal half.
    Stamens
    Filaments filiform; anther-thecae confluent.
    Pistil
    Ovary globose, minutely lepidote; style distinct, almost as long as the ovary; stigma inferior lip semi-circular, ciliate, superior almost obsolete.
    Fruits
    Capsules very rarely produced.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Amur, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Botswana, Bulgaria, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Himalaya, Finland, France, Free State, Gabon, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Korea, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Mauritania, Morocco, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Queensland, Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, South Australia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tibet, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Uganda, Victoria, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Utricularia australis R.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 1981 Kirk, J. [512], New Zealand K000806286 isotype
    Jan 1, 1969 Schweinfurth, G. [86], Sudan K000430257
    Dec 1, 1967 Brown, R. [s.n.], New South Wales K000806289 syntype
    Japan 38626.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. 1649.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [6691], United Kingdom 38123.000
    Milne-Redhead, E., United Kingdom 41959.000
    Taylor, P. [1525], Ireland 27442.000
    Taylor, P., France 29010.000
    Taylor, P., United Kingdom 29011.000
    Taylor, P., France 29012.000
    Taylor, P. [17010], Australia 43286.000
    Taylor, P. [17188], United Kingdom 43721.000
    Taylor, P. [18001], India 45352.000
    Ash [1436], Ethiopia 29047.159
    Barnes, E., India 30560.000
    Richards, H.M. [11118], Tanzania 6353.000
    Richards, H.M. [24608], Tanzania 7534.000
    Richards, H.M. [23772], Tanzania 7615.000
    Richards, H.M. [20209], Tanzania 7308.000
    Carter, N. [2069], United Kingdom 22191.000
    M., McCall, United Kingdom 27461.008
    Aston [1799], Australia 27461.014
    Schweinfurth, G. [86], Sudan K000430256 Unknown type material
    Aston, H. [1800], Australia 33759.000
    Disney, R.H.L., United Kingdom 35366.000
    Libby, R., United Kingdom 36202.000
    Lees, A., United Kingdom 38721.000
    Briggs, M., United Kingdom 45345.000
    Briggs, M., United Kingdom 47762.000
    Baytop [18191/2], Turkey 7701.000
    Baytop [18190], Turkey 7742.000
    Baytop [18191/1], Turkey 7743.000
    Brown, R. [2730], Tasmania K000806290

    First published in Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 430 (1810)

    Accepted by

    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Efinov, P.G. & al. (2014). New records of vascular plants in European Russia Botanicheskii Zhurnal. Moscow & Leningrad 99: 237-241.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Barina, Z., Rakaj, m. & Pifkó, D. (2013). Contributions to the flora of Albania, 4 Willdenowia 43: 165-184.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Dinarvand, M. (2012). A taxonomic revision of Utricularia (Lentibulariaceae) for aqua flora of Iran Iranian Journal of Botany 18: 191-195.
    • Starchenko, V.M., Darman, G.F. & Bolotova, Y.V. (2009). Floristic records in the Amur region Botanicheskii Zhurnal. Moscow & Leningrad 94: 759-763.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Aver'ianov, L.V. & al. (2006). Illyustrirovannyi opredelitel' rastenii Leningradskoi oblasti: 1-799. Nauka, Moskva.
    • Lambion, J., Delvosalle, L. & Duvigneaud, J. (2004). Nouvelle flore de la Belgique du G. D. de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines, ed. 5: 1-1167. Edition du Patrimoine du Jardin botanique national de Belgique.
    • Sapir, Y., Shmida, A. & Fragman, O. (2003). Constructing Red Numbers for setting conservation priorities of endangered plant species: Israeli flora as a test case Journal for Nature Conservation 11: 1-17.
    • Charkevicz, S.S. (ed.) (1996). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 8: 1-382. Nauka, Leningrad.
    • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 8(3): 1-118. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (2014-continuously updated). Atlas of Living Australia http://www.ala.org.au/.
    • Efinov, P.G. & al. (2014). New records of vascular plants in European Russia Botanicheskii Zhurnal. Moscow & Leningrad 99: 237-241.
    • Barina, Z., Rakaj, m. & Pifkó, D. (2013). Contributions to the flora of Albania, 4 Willdenowia 43: 165-184.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Dinarvand, M. (2012). A taxonomic revision of Utricularia (Lentibulariaceae) for aqua flora of Iran Iranian Journal of Botany 18: 191-195.
    • Starchenko, V.M., Darman, G.F. & Bolotova, Y.V. (2009). Floristic records in the Amur region Botanicheskii Zhurnal. Moscow & Leningrad 94: 759-763.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Aver'ianov, L.V. & al. (2006). Illyustrirovannyi opredelitel' rastenii Leningradskoi oblasti: 1-799. Nauka, Moskva.
    • Sapir, Y., Shmida, A. & Fragman, O. (2003). Constructing Red Numbers for setting conservation priorities of endangered plant species: Israeli flora as a test case Journal for Nature Conservation 11: 1-17.
    • Charkevicz, S.S. (ed.) (1996). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 8: 1-382. Nauka, Leningrad.
    • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 8(3): 1-118. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • P. Taylor in Fl. Afr. Centr., Lentib.: 48 (1972).
    • R. Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl.: 430 (1810).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0