1. Family: Lentibulariaceae Rich.
    1. Genus: Utricularia L.
      1. Utricularia cymbantha Oliv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Congo to Ethiopia and S. Africa, Central Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

    Habit
    Aquatic herb.
    Stolons
    Stolons capillary, up to 10 cm. long or more × c. 0.2 mm., minutely glandular; rhizoids absent.
    Leaves
    Leaves numerous, forked from the base into 2 equal or unequal capillary segments, 1–2.5 mm. long; internodes 1–2 mm. long.
    Traps
    Traps numerous, inserted in the angle between the leaf-segments or laterally on the longer leaf-segment, ovoid, stalked, 1–1.5 mm. long; mouth lateral, with 2 dorsal capillary more or less branched hairs and 3 shorter ventral simple hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence lateral, erect; peduncle capillary, ovoid, more or less 1 mm. long; bracteoles absent; pedicel capillary, cernuous in bud and in fruit, erect at anthesis, 1.5–4 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes subequal, circular, more or less 1 mm. long, accrescent.
    Corolla
    Corolla white or cream, 3–5 mm. long; superior lip 1.5–2 times as long as the upper calyx lobe, semi-circular with apex entire or emarginate; inferior lip circular, the base subcordate and with apex rounded, entire or emarginate; palate scarcely raised, minutely glandular; spur very short, saccate.
    Stamens
    Filaments capillary; anther-thecae confluent.
    Pistil
    Ovary ellipsoid, more or less 0.4 mm. long; ovules 2–5; style distinct, filiform, as long as the ovary; stigma inferior lip circular, ciliate, superior obsolete.
    Fruits
    Capsule ellipsoid, more or less 1 mm. in diam., the wall membranous, apparently indehiscent.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2 or 3, lenticular, narrowly and regularly winged, total diam., more or less 0.7 mm.; testa cells indistinct, irregular, more or less elongated.
    [FTEA]

    Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

    Habit
    Aquatic herb.
    Stolons
    Stolons capillary, up to 10 cm. long or more, ± 0.2 mm. thick, minutely glandular; rhizoids absent.
    Leaves
    Leaves numerous, forked from the base into 2 equal or unequal capillary segments, 1–2.5 mm. long; internodes 1–2 mm. long.
    Traps
    Traps numerous, inserted in the angle between the leaf-segments or laterally on the longer leaf-segment, ovoid, stalked, 1–1.5 mm. long; mouth lateral; upper lip with 2 capillary ± branched hairs; lower lip with 3 shorter simple hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence lateral, erect; scape capillary, 2–10 mm. high, apparently always 1-flowered; scales absent; bract basifixed, ovoid, ± 1 mm. long; bracteoles absent; pedicel capillary, cernuous in bud and in fruit, erect at anthesis, 1.5–4 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes subequal, orbicular, ± 1 mm. long, accrescent.
    Corolla
    Corolla white or cream, 3–5 mm. long; upper lip 1.5–2 times as long as the upper calyx-lobe, semi-orbicular, apex entire or emarginate; lower lip orbicular, base subcordate, apex rounded, entire or emarginate; palate scarcely raised, minutely glandular; spur very short, saccate.
    Stamens
    Filaments capillary; anther-thecae confluent.
    Pistil
    Ovary ellipsoid, ±0.4 mm. long; ovules 2–5; style distinct, filiform, as long as the ovary; stigma lower lip orbicular, ciliate, upper obsolete.
    Fruits
    Capsule ellipsoid, ± 1 mm. in diameter, the wall membranous, apparently indehiscent.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2 or 3, lenticular, narrowly and regularly winged, total diameter ± 0.7 mm.; testa-cells indistinct, irregular, ± elongated.
    Habitat
    Still water in pools; 1170 m.
    Distribution
    U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Congo, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Sudan, Uganda, Zambia

    Utricularia cymbantha Oliv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Richards, H.M. [10003], Zambia 7007.000
    Richards, H.M. [18087], Zambia 22952.000
    Story [4775], Botswana 1143.000
    Bosser, J. [8056], Madagascar 3537.000 Unknown type material
    Thomas, A.S. [1395], Uganda 4818.000
    Welwitsch. [272], Angola K000430325 Unknown type material
    Welwitsch. [272], Angola K000430324
    Hess-Wyss, H. [52/2137], Angola K001009211
    Hess-Wyss, H. [52/1461], Angola K001009212

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 9: 147 (1865)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 8(3): 1-118. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • P. Taylor in Fl. Afr. Centr., Lentib.: 52 (1972).
    • P. Taylor in Kew Bulletin 18: 209 (1964)
    • Stapf in Flora of Tropical Africa 4 (2): 494 (1906).
    • Oliv. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 9: 147 (1865).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0