1. Family: Lentibulariaceae Rich.
    1. Genus: Utricularia L.
      1. Utricularia firmula Welw. ex Oliv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Central & E. Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

    Habit
    Terrestrial herb.
    Rhizoids
    Rhizoids and stolons capillary, numerous from the base of the scape.
    Leaves
    Leaves scattered on the stolons, narrowly obovate-spathulate, 2–20 mm. long, ± 1 mm. wide, 1-nerved.
    Traps
    Traps numerous, ovoid, 0.15– 0.3 mm. long, stalked, the stalk ± as long as the trap; mouth terminal; upper lip projecting, fringed with 2–10 glandular hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence stiffly erect, simple or sometimes branched above, 2–36 cm. high; scape relatively thick and rigid, glabrous; flowers (1–)10–20(–50); scales numerous, especially below, similar to the bracts; bracts basifixed, ovate-deltoid, reflexed; bracteoles lanceolate, erect; pedicels erect, 0.2–0.5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes subequal, orbicular, very concave, apex emarginate or shortly 2–3-denticulate.
    Corolla
    Corolla pale yellow, 3.5–6 mm. long, persistent; upper lip broadly ovate, apex emarginate, ±1.5 times as long as the upper calyx-lobe; lower lip longer, orbicular in outline, distinctly 3-lobed; palate slightly raised; spur subulate, 2.5–3.5 times as long as the lower lip.
    Stamens
    Filaments filiform, curved; antherthecae ± confluent.
    Pistil
    Ovary ovoid; style very short; stigma lower lip rounded, upper lip minute, deltoid.
    Fruits
    Capsule globose, ±1.2 mm. long, dehiscing by ab- and adaxial ovate-lanceolate pores.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, narrowly truncate-conical; testa smooth, cells indistinct, elongate.
    Habitat
    Boggy grassland; sea-level to 1860 m.
    Distribution
    throughout tropical and subtropical Africa and in Madagascar K3 K7 P T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U3 Z
    [FZ]

    Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

    Habit
    Terrestrial herb.
    Rhizoids and Stolons
    Rhizoids and stolons capillary, numerous from the base of the peduncle.
    Leaves
    Leaves scattered on the stolons, narrowly obovate-spathulate, 2–20 ×more or less 1 mm. wide, 1-nerved.
    Traps
    Traps numerous, ovoid, 0.15–0.3 mm. long, stalked, the stalk more or less as long as the trap; mouth terminal, dorsally fringed with 2–10 glandular hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence stiffly erect, simple or sometimes branched above, 2, 2–36 cm. high; peduncle relatively thick and rigid, glabrous; flowers (1)10–20(50); scales numerous, especially below, similar to the bracts; bracts basifixed, ovate-deltoid, reflexed; bracteoles lanceolate, erect; peduncles erect, 0.2–0.5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes subequal, circular, very concave with apex emarginate or shortly 2–3-denticulate.
    Corolla
    Corolla pale yellow, 3.5–6 mm. long, persistent; superior lip broadly ovate with apex emarginate, more or less 1.5 times as long as the upper calyx lobe; inferior lip longer, circular in outline, distinctly 3-lobed; palate slightly raised; spur subulate, 2.5–3.5 times as long as the inferior lip.
    Stamens
    Filaments filiform, curved; anther-thecae more or less confluent.
    Pistil
    Ovary ovoid; style very short; stigma inferior lip rounded, superior lip minute, deltoid.
    Fruits
    Capsule globose, more or less 1.2 mm. long, dehiscing by dorsal and ventral ovate-lanceolate pores.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, narrowly truncate-conical; testa smooth, cells indistinct, elongate.
    [FWTA]

    Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Stiffly erect terrestrial herb
    Flowers
    Numerous very small subsessile yellow flowers.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cameroon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Utricularia firmula Welw. ex Oliv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Tanzania 12993.000
    Zambia 30583.000
    Tanzania 3856.000
    Tanzania 6536.000
    Wild, H. [2542], Zimbabwe 3852.000
    Harley, W.J. [1853], Liberia 3851.000
    Jackson, G. [1729], Malawi 3848.000
    Meikle, R.D. [1022], Nigeria 12994.000
    Richards, H.M. [5869], Zambia 12988.000
    Richards, H.M. [9933e], Zambia 12989.000
    Richards, H.M. [10043], Zambia 16275.000
    Richards, H.M. [6245], Zambia 16276.000
    Richards, H.M. [5899], Zambia 1647.000
    Richards, H.M. [18094], Zambia 23950.000
    Richards, H.M. [22403A], Zambia 30589.000
    Polhill, R. [2044], Tanzania 6320.000
    Fanshawe [1244], Zambia 3850.000
    Faulkner, H. [3268], Tanzania 22944.000
    Richards, M., Zambia 3853.000
    Richards, M., Zambia 6541.000
    Faulkner [2768], Tanzania 12990.000
    Tweedie [3422], Kenya 28846.000
    Bogdan, A. [4662], Kenya 6544.000
    Faulkner, H.G. [A158], Angola K001009330
    Maclaren, M.S. [100], Zambia 23388.000
    Brummitt, R.K. [10174], Malawi 25694.067
    Gulma, R. [5004], Nigeria 3849.000
    Simpson, H. [102], Sudan 3857.000
    Hess, H. [50/217], Angola K001009328
    Baum, H. [142], Angola K001009331
    Welwitsch. [262], Angola K000430246 Unknown type material
    Hess-Wyss, H. [52/2018], Angola K001009326
    Hess-Wyss, H. [52/1851], Angola K001009327
    Hess-Wyss, H. [52/1464], Angola K001009329

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 9: 152 (1865)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 8(3): 1-118. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 4: 1-625. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.W.T.A., ed. 1, 2: 234, partly (excl. Lane-Poole 404; Chev. 21865)
    • Chev. Bot. 481.
    • Pellegr. in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 61: 16
    • F.T.A. 4, 2: 479 (1906)
    • in J. Linn. Soc. 9: 152 (1864)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 4: 1-625. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • P. Taylor in Fl. Afr. Centr., Lentib.: 16, t. 3 (1972).
    • P. Taylor in Kew Bulletin 18: 151 (1964)
    • P. Taylor in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 378 (1963)
    • Stapf in Flora of Tropical Africa 4 (2): 479 (1906).
    • Oliv. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 9:152 (1865).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0