1. Family: Lentibulariaceae Rich.
    1. Genus: Utricularia L.
      1. Utricularia foliosa L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar, Tropical & Subtropical America.

    [FZ]

    Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

    Habit
    Aquatic herb.
    Stolons
    Stolons robust, oblong or elliptic in cross-section, smooth and glabrous, 1.3 mm. wide and up to several metres long; internodes 2–15 cm.; rhizoids absent.
    Leaves
    Leaves broadly ovate in outline, multiple pinnate, up to 15 cm. long, usually dimorphic, some with fewer segments and numerous traps, some with more numerous segments and few or no traps; ultimate segments capillary, minutely setulose.
    Traps
    Traps lateral near the base of the penultimate leaf-segments, broadly ovoid, stalked, 1–2 mm. long; mouth lateral, naked or with 2 dorsal simple or sparsely branched hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence erect, 7–40 cm. high; flowers 3–20, congested at initial anthesis, inflorescence-axis elongating as it matures; peduncle straight, relatively stout, up to 3 mm. thick, smooth and glabrous; scales absent or 1–2 just below the lowermost flower, similar to the bracts; bracts basifixed, broadly ovate or circular, 2–4 mm. long; bracteoles absent; pedicels at first erect, filiform, 4–10 mm. long, elongating and decurving in fruit.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes subequal, broadly ovate, 3–4 mm. long, connate at the base, scarcely accrescent; upper lobe with apex subacute, inferior 2–3-dentate.
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow, 8–15 mm. long; superior lip circular, about twice as long as the upper calyx lobe, with apex rounded; inferior lip larger, oblate to subreniform with apex entire or emarginate; palate much raised, gibbous; spur narrowly conical, straight, more or less two thirds to more or less as long as the inferior lip; inner abaxial surface with 2 elliptic patches of shortly stalked glands, one on either side of the central nerve.
    Stamens
    Filaments linear; anther-thecae confluent.
    Pistil
    Ovary globose; style short but distinct; stigma inferior lip circular, often ciliate and hispid, superior much smaller, entire or bidentate.
    Fruits
    Capsule globose, up to 8 mm. in diam., sparsely and minutely glandular, indehiscent.
    Seeds
    Seeds 4–12, lenticular with a narrow regular wing, 2–2.5 mm. in total diam.; wing 0.2–0.4 mm. wide; testa-cells indistinct, more or less isodiametric.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 30 - 1000 m.; Amazonia, Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba, acuática
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor
    [FTEA]

    Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

    Habit
    Aquatic herb.
    Stolons
    Stolons robust, oblong or elliptic in cross-section, smooth and glabrous, 1–3 mm. wide and up to several metres long; internodes 2–15 cm.; rhizoids absent.
    Leaves
    Leaves broadly ovate in outline, multiple pinnate, up to 15 cm. long, usually dimorphic, some with fewer segments and numerous traps, some with more numerous segments and few or no traps; ultimate segments capillary, minutely setulose.
    Traps
    Traps lateral near the base of the penultimate leaf-segments, broadly ovoid, stalked, 1–2 mm. long; mouth lateral; upper lip naked or with 2 simple or sparsely branched hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence erect, 7–40 cm. high; flowers 3–20, congested at initial anthesis, inflorescence-axis elongating as it matures; scape straight, relatively stout, up to 3 mm. thick, smooth and glabrous; scales absent or 1–2 just below the lowermost flower, similar to the bracts; bracts basifixed, broadly ovate or orbicular, 2–4 mm. long; bracteoles absent; pedicels at first erect, filiform, 4–10 mm. long, elongating and recurving in fruit.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes subequal, broadly ovate, 3–4 mm. long, connate at the base, scarcely accrescent; upper lobe apex subacute, lower 2–3-dentate.
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow, 8–15 mm. long; upper lip orbicular, about twice as long as the upper calyx-lobe, apex rounded; lower lip larger, oblate to subreniform, apex entire or emarginate; palate much raised, gibbous; spur narrowly conical, straight, ± two-thirds to ± as long as the lower lip; inner abaxial surface with 2 elliptic patches of shortly stalked glands, one on either side of the central nerve.
    Stamens
    Filaments linear; anther-thecae confluent.
    Pistil
    Ovary globose; style short but distinct; stigma lower lip orbicular, often ciliate and hispid, upper much smaller, entire or bidentate.
    Fruits
    Capsule globose, up to 8 mm. in diameter, sparsely and minutely glandular, indehiscent.
    Seeds
    Seeds 4–12, lenticular with a narrow regular wing, 2–2.5 mm. in total diameter; wing 0.2–0.4 mm. wide; testa-cells indistinct, ± isodiametric.
    Habitat
    Still or slow flowing water in lakes, marshes and rivers; ± 1050–1200 m.
    Distribution
    throughout tropical and subtropical Africa, Madagascar and America from Florida to Argentina T4 U1 U4
    [FWTA]

    Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Submerged aquatic forming large masses in still or slowly flowing deep water
    Scape
    Erect many-flowered scapes up to 1 ft, long
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, KwaZulu-Natal, Louisiana, Madagascar, Mali, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Namibia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Suriname, Tanzania, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Zambia, Zaïre

    Utricularia foliosa L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2007 Sasaki, D. [1498], Mato Grosso K000447715
    Jun 15, 2005 Taylor, P.G. [13093], USA 33449.000
    Jun 15, 2005 Jeannoda, Y. [28], French Guiana 35958.000
    Jun 15, 2005 Stearn, W.T., Jamaica 38129.000
    Jan 1, 1942 Matuda, E. [3873], Mexico K001091486
    Botswana 1146.000
    29014.000
    Brazil 34274.000
    Brazil 34535.000
    Guyana 51149.000
    Bullock, A.A. [2938], Zambia 1144.000
    Harley, R.M. [21433], Brazil 45257.000
    Hepper, F.N. [3848], Niger 33813.000
    de Winter, B. [5028], Botswana 1147.000
    de Winter, B. [4510], Namibia 1148.000
    de Winter, B. [4892], Namibia 1149.000
    Jones [385], Sierra Leone 3539.000
    Jones [387], Sierra Leone 6321.000
    Hunt, D.R. [7027A], Belize 22748.001
    Philcox, D. [4328], Brazil 33364.000
    Philcox, D. [4282], Brazil 33370.000
    Philcox, D. [4327], Brazil 3360.010
    Harrison, J. [1705], Guyana 25793.000
    Taylor, P.G. [13019], USA 34702.000
    Taylor, P.G. [13032], USA 34706.000
    Taylor, P.G. [13033], USA 34710.000
    Prance, G.T. [13397], Brazil 26332.040
    Prance, G.T. [11588], Brazil 2700.065
    Prance, G.T. [14748], Brazil 34502.000
    Hatschbach [15860], Brazil 31648.000
    Hatschbach [13032], Brazil 31649.000
    Lindeman, J.C. [4322], Suriname 35009.000
    Warrington, J. [61], Guyana 40287.000
    Warrington, J. [64], Guyana 40289.000
    Wright, C. [2895], Cuba K000533833
    Wright, C. [2895], Cuba K000533832
    Matuda, E. [3873], Mexico K001091484
    Rovirosa, J.N. [619], Mexico K001091485
    Menendez, F. [336], Mexico K001091487
    [Saint-Hilaire, A.] [s.n.], São Paulo K000533918
    Kasselmann, Christel [53], Mexico K001091489
    Orozco-Segovia, A.D.L. [50], Mexico K001091490
    Orozco-Segovia, A.D.L. [361], Mexico K001091488

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 18 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Arbo, M.M. & al. (2018). Flora Argentina. Flora vascular de la República Argentina 20(1): 1-488. INTA, IMBIV & IBODA.
    • Hernández Rendón, J. & Zamudio Ruiz, S. (2017). Flora de Guerrero 77: 1-48. Facultade de Ciencias, UNAM.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • de Moura Júnior, E.G. & al. (2015). Updated checklist of aquatic macrophytes from Northern Brazil Acta Amazonica 45: 111-132.
    • Goodwin, Z.A. & al. (2013). A checklist of the vascular plants of the lowland savannas of Belize, Central America Phytotaxa 101: 1-119.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 8(3): 1-118. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 4: 1-625. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Pellegr. in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 61: 19.
    • F.T.A. 4, 2: 491
    • Sp. Pl. 18 (1753)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Goodwin, Z.A. & al. (2013). A checklist of the vascular plants of the lowland savannas of Belize, Central America Phytotaxa 101: 1-119.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 4: 1-625. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • P. Taylor in Fl. Afr. Centr., Lentib.: 46, t. 14 (1972).
    • P. Taylor in Kew Bulletin 18: 174 (1964), excl. syn. U. floridana,
    • P. Taylor in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 381 (1963)
    • Stapf in Flora of Tropical Africa 4 (2): 491 (1906).
    • L., Sp. Pl.: 18 (1753).

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/