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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World, America.
Utricularia gibba L.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 20 - 3850 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, acuática
Conservation
Preocupación Menor

[FZ]

Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Aquatic or subaquatic herb.
Vegetative Multiplication Stolons
Stolons usually up to more or less 10, fasciculate at the base of the peduncle, filiform, terete, up to 20 cm.×1 mm., sometimes slightly inflated.
Morphology General Rhizoids
Rhizoids few from the base of the peduncle, often absent, filiform.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves numerous, alternate on the stolons, up to 20 mm. long; segments capillary, glabrous or sparsely setulose, simple or usually dichotomously forked from or near the base, each segment sometimes again 1–3 or rarely more times forked.
Morphology General Traps
Traps usually numerous, replacing one of the leaf segments at a fork, ovoid, 1–1.5 mm. long, stalked; mouth lateral, with 2 dorsal, long, usually copiously branched hairs and a few ventral shorter simple hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence erect, 2–35 cm. high, solitary or often several arising in succession from the fascicle of stolons; flowers (1)2(6); peduncle straight, smooth and glabrous; scales absent or more usually 1 at or above the middle of the peduncle, similar to the bracts; bracts basifixed, semi-circular, semi-amplexicaul, more or less 1 mm. long; bracteoles absent; pedicels filiform, erect, (2)6–12(30) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx lobes subequal, circular to broadly ovate, 1–3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow, often with brown or reddish nerves, 4–25 mm. long; superior lip circular, 2–3 times as long as the upper calyx lobe, usually shallowly and obscurely 3-lobed; inferior lip usually shorter and narrower than the superior, circular, usually entire, rarely emarginate; palate much raised and bigibbous; spur conical to narrowly cylindrical, shorter than to almost twice as long as the inferior lip, the apex usually bearing a few shortly stalked glands.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments linear; anther-thecae more or less confluent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose; style short but distinct; stigma inferior lip semi-circular, superior short, more or less obsolete.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule globose, 2–4 mm. in diam., dehiscing into 2 lateral valves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds rather few (more or less 20–40), imbricate on the smooth placenta, lenticular with a broad irregular wing, 1–1.6 mm. in total diam., distal surface smooth to verrucose; hilum prominent; testa-cells small, irregular, indistinct.

[FTEA]

Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
Aquatic or subaquatic herb.
Vegetative Multiplication Stolons
Stolons usually up to ± 10, fasciculate at the base of the scape, filiform, terete, up to 20 cm. long or more, sometimes slightly inflated, up to 1 mm. thick.
Morphology General Rhizoids
Rhizoids few from the base of the scape, often absent, filiform.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves numerous, alternate on the stolons, up to 20 mm. long; segments capillary, glabrous, simple or usually dichotomously forked from or near the base, each segment sometimes again 1–3 or rarely more times forked.
Morphology General Traps
Traps usually numerous, replacing one of the leaf-segments at a fork, ovoid, 1–1.5 mm. long, stalked; mouth lateral; upper lip with 2 long usually copiously branched hairs; lower lip usually with a few shorter simple hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence erect, 2–35 cm. high, solitary or often several arising in succession from the fascicle of stolons; flowers (1–)2(–6); scape straight, smooth and glabrous; scales absent or more usually 1 at or above the middle of the scape, similar to the bracts; bracts basifixed, semi-orbicular, semi-amplexicaul, ± 1 mm. long; bracteoles absent; pedicels filiform, erect, (2–)6–12(–30) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes subequal, orbicular to broadly ovate, 1–3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow, often with brown or reddish nerves, 4–25 mm. long; upper lip orbicular, 2–3 times as long as the upper calyx-lobe, usually shallowly and obscurely 3-lobed; lower lip usually shorter and narrower than the upper, orbicular, usually entire, rarely emarginate; palate much raised and bigibbous; spur conical to narrowly cylindrical, shorter than to almost twice as long as the lower lip, apex usually bearing a few shortly stalked glands.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments linear; anther-thecae ± confluent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose; style short but distinct; stigma lower lip semi-orbicular, upper short, ± obsolete.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule globose, 2–4 mm. in diameter, dehiscing into 2 lateral valves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds rather few (± 20–40), imbricate on the smooth placenta, lenticular with a broad irregular wing, 1–1.6 mm. in total diameter, outer surface smooth to verrucose; hilum prominent; testa-cells small, irregular, indistinct.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 2700 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

Native to:

Alabama, Algeria, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arkansas, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Congo, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iowa, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Liberia, Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Maine, Malaya, Mali, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Carolina, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Great Britain, Hungary, New Zealand North

English
Bladderwort

Utricularia gibba L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Mar 1, 2011 Staples [1264] K000734029
Dec 1, 2009 Darbyshire, I. [616], Sierra Leone 76203.000
Dec 22, 2005 Ibrahim Adullah [16442], Brunei K000223722
Dec 22, 2005 Johns, R.J. et al. [7933], Irian Jaya K000223721
Jun 16, 2005 Hatschbach [19318], Brazil 31644.000
Jun 15, 2005 Sandwith, N.Y. [1021], Guyana 16291.000
Jun 15, 2005 Hatschbach [13724], Brazil 31646.000
Jun 15, 2005 Stearn, W.T., Jamaica 38128.000
Jun 15, 2005 Wadsworth, Jamaica 41424.000
Jun 13, 2005 Baker [15173], Trinidad & Tobago 16286.000
Sep 1, 2002 Gosline, G. [190], Cameroon K000198346
Jan 1, 1994 Hartweg [183], Mexico K000533801 isotype
Jan 1, 1993 Hartweg [183], Zacatecas K000533804 isotype
Jul 27, 1966 Breedlove, D.E. [9235], Mexico K001091482
Jun 29, 1965 Salzmann [s.n.], Bahia K000533928 isotype
Buxton, P.A., Sudan 1150.000
Mikula [3219], USA 12992.000
Mikula [3715], USA 16277.000
Baker [15174], Trinidad & Tobago 16292.000
Taylor, P. 16324.000
Hunt, D.R. [7001], Belize 22748.003
Hunt, D.R. [7045], Belize 22748.011
Taylor, P.G. [13013], Trinidad & Tobago 25834.001
Taylor, P.G. [13018], USA 2700.046
Baldwin, J.T. [16016], USA 27118.000
Baldwin, J.T. [16021], USA 27142.000
Baldwin, J.T. [16020], USA 27144.000
Pohl, R.W. [9580], USA 27149.000
Pohl, R.W. [9579], USA 27161.000
Hunt, D.R. [6468], Brazil 30177.000
Philcox, D. 30554.000
Hatschbach [9536], Brazil 31640.000
Hunt, D.R. [7038], Belize 32552.000
Pinchon, P.R., Martinique 33365.000
Pedersen, T.M. [8757], Argentina 33373.000
Taylor, P.G. [13096], USA 33393.000
Hatschbach [14322], Brazil 33584.000
Brazil 3360.019
Brazil 33646.000
Jeannoda, Y. [0022], French Guiana 33692.000
Taylor, P.G. [13065], USA 34680.000
Taylor, P. [13025], USA 34910.000
Taylor, P. [13015], USA 34911.000
Taylor, P. [13026], USA 34935.000
Mennega, A.M.W. [373], Suriname 35014.000
Taylor, P. [13041], USA 35041.000
Taylor, P. [13058], USA 35061.000
Taylor, P. [13020], USA 35063.000
Pedersen, T.M. [9457], Paraguay 35167.000
Harley, R.M. [10253], Brazil 35986.000
Richards, H.M. [26192S], Tanzania 36107.000
Lindeham [432], Suriname 36250.017
Venezuela 38118.000
van Dousdaar, J. [3041], Suriname 38127.000
Philcox, D.J. [8253], Trinidad & Tobago 38625.000
Philcox [8031], Trinidad & Tobago 38639.000
Harley, R.M. [19209], Brazil 38784.000
Harley, R.M. [18456], Brazil 38791.000
Harley, R.M. [19392A], Brazil 38798.000
Harley, R.M. [18014], Brazil 38799.000
Trinidad & Tobago 39263.000
Harley, R.M. [18339A], Brazil 39394.000
Trinidad & Tobago 40288.000
Philcox, D. [8345], Trinidad & Tobago 40290.000
Renvoize, S.A. [3690], Argentina 40888.000
Philcox, D. [8333], Trinidad & Tobago 41087.000
Rankin, M.O. [2360], Australia 41411.000
Beck, G. [6948], Bolivia 44105.000
Harley [21466], Brazil 45255.000
Lewis, G.P. [801], Brazil 47768.000
Veillon [4432], New Caledonia 49309.000
Clarkson, J.R. [4413], Australia 49310.000
India 49311.000
Madagascar 49313.000
Guyana 51146.000
Coveny, R. [10602], Australia 51147.000
Clarkson, J.R. [4738], Australia 51148.000
Clarkson, J.R. [4843], Australia 51153.000
Beudels, R., Rwanda 52539.000
Chevalier, A. [21865], Côte d'Ivoire K000430209 Unknown type material
Wright, C. [2897], Cuba K000533838
Parker [s.n.], Guyana K000533929
Gay, C. [s.n.], Chile K000533963
Pattison, G. [s.n.], Mexico K001091475
Hess-Wyss, H. [52/2102], Angola K001009271
Hess-Wyss, H. [52/317], Angola K001009274
Johnston, H.H. [s.n.], Angola K001009277
Hostmann [83], Suriname K000533931
Nuttall [s.n.] K000533806
Hess-Wyss, H. [52/1669], Angola K001009269
Welwitsch [267], Angola K001009275
Pinkava, D.J. [4291], Mexico K001091477
Breedlove, D.E. [9241], Mexico K001091479
Hess, H. [50/195], Angola K001009273
Jameson [s.n.], Jamaica K000533802
Gossweiler, J. [1100], Angola K001009279
Pringle, C.G. [s.n.], Mexico K001091476
Rovirosa, J.N. [557], Mexico K001091478
Baum, H. [123], Angola K001009278
Barnhart, J.H. [2537], Florida K000806339 Unknown type material
Hess-Wyss, H. [52/2040], Angola K001009272
Spruce, R. [s.n.], Para K000533927
Salzmann [s.n.], Bahia K000533926
Baum, H. [41], Angola K001009276
Breedlove, D.E. [7105], Mexico K001091481
Parry, C.C. [6931/2], San Luis Potosí K000533803
Palmer, E. [161], Durango K000533805
Hess, H. [50/243], Angola K001009268
Milne-Redhead, E. [4122], Angola K001009280
Hess-Wyss, H. [52/1839], Angola K001009267
Parker [s.n.], Guyana K000533930
Hess-Wyss, H. [52/2029], Angola K001009270
Schaffner, J.G. [336], Mexico K001091480
Brenan, J.P.M. [7937], Zambia Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 1151.000
Brenan [8598], Nigeria Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 1152.000
Bosser, J. [13424], Madagascar Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 1153.000
Adams, C.D., Ghana Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 1154.000
Jones [386], Sierra Leone Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 1155.000
Jordan [2096], Sierra Leone Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 1156.000
Hepper, F.N. [2660], Sierra Leone Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 1157.000
Adames, P. [201], Sierra Leone Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 1158.000
Richards, H.M. [2107], Zambia Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 1160.000
Dunlop, C. [3174], Australia Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 18739.021
Sayers, D. [18903], New Guinea Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 27260.000
Barnes, E. [U.G.], India Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 27284.000
Bosser, M., Madagascar Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 29882.000
Akpabla, G.K. [3866], Ghana Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 30570.000
Heppes, F.N. [3694], Senegal Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 33808.000
Meikle, R.D. [1224], Nigeria Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 3549.000
Hepper, F.N. [1627], Cameroon Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 3550.000
Napper [909], Tanzania Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 3551.000
Wild, H. [3851], Zimbabwe Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 3552.000
Rayner, R.W. [393], Kenya Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 3553.000
McClintock, A. [109], Cameroon Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 3554.000
Richards, H.M. [15204], Zambia Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 3555.000
Thomas, A.S. [1555], Uganda Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 3556.000
Thomas, A.S. [1557], Uganda Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 3558.000
Meikle, R.D. [1330], Nigeria Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 3559.000
Meikle, R.D. [1021], Nigeria Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 3560.000
Richards, H.M. [15205], Zambia Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 3561.000
Meikle, R.D. [523], Nigeria Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 3562.000
Dunlop, C. [3637], Australia Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 35772.046
Rao, K.S. [B1], India Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 36304.000
Kenneally, K.F. [KFK 1995], Australia Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 36430.000
Dunlop, C. [3876], Australia Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 36703.000
Lavarack, P. [1076], Australia Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 38629.000
Schafer Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 39868.000
Lavarack, P. [3025], Australia Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 40008.000
Dunlop, C.R. [5123], Australia Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 40122.000
Taylor, P. [17071], Australia Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 40541.000
Taylor, P. [17062], Australia Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 40542.000
Taylor, P. [17068], Australia Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 40543.000
Taylor, P. [17116], Australia Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 41366.000
Taylor, P. [17115], Australia Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 41438.000
Jackes, E.M. [1], Australia Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 42694.000
Taylor, P. [17067], Australia Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 43426.000
Taylor, P. [17111], Australia Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 43690.000
Lock, J.M. [82/3], Sudan Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 47110.000
Cribb, P. [in AOF 12A], Australia Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 47130.000
Adams, C.D., Ghana Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 4820.000
Uganda Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 4821.000
Jones, T.S. [310], Sierra Leone Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 4822.000
Meikle, R.D. [1029], Nigeria Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 4823.000
Verdcourt, B. [428], Kenya Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 4824.000
Onochie [34271], Nigeria Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 4825.000
Hepper, F.N. [1545], Cameroon Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 6322.000
Baldwin, J.T. [13225], Liberia Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 6545.000
Purseglove, J.W. [3632], Uganda Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 6546.000
Meikle, R.D. [876], Nigeria Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 7008.000
Richards, H.M. [23406], Tanzania Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta 7408.000
Bidgood, S. [6008], Tanzania Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta K000468417
Wailly, M. de [5272], Mali Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta K000386000
Brunt, M.A. [371], Cameroon Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta K000028922
Wailly, M. de [5272], Mali Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta K000385998
Wailly, M. de [5273], Mali Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta K000385997
Wailly, M. de [5273], Mali Utricularia gibba subsp. exoleta K000385999
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1498], Nepal Utricularia biflora K001113240
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1498] Utricularia biflora K001113251
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1498], India Utricularia biflora K001113252
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1498] Utricularia biflora K001113242
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 1498], Myanmar Utricularia biflora K001113241
Mikula [3858], USA Utricularia pumila 16300.000
Utricularia pumila 16304.000
Mikula [3583], USA Utricularia pumila 16305.000

First published in Sp. Pl.: 18 (1753)

Accepted by

  • (2020). https://www.mapress.com/j/pt/article/view/phytotaxa.470.1.2/41744 epublication.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
  • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hernández Rendón, J. & Zamudio Ruiz, S. (2017). Flora de Guerrero 77: 1-48. Facultade de Ciencias, UNAM.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • de Moura Júnior, E.G. & al. (2015). Updated checklist of aquatic macrophytes from Northern Brazil Acta Amazonica 45: 111-132.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Sp. Pl. 18 (1753).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 4: 1-625. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
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