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  1. Family: Lentibulariaceae Rich.
    1. Genus: Utricularia L.
      1. Utricularia inflexa Forssk.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa, Indian Subcontinent.

    [FTEA]

    Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

    Habit
    Aquatic herb.
    Stolons
    Stolons up to 1 m. long or more, terete, smooth and glabrous; internodes 3–10(–15) mm.
    Leaves
    Leaves very numerous, digitately divided into 3–6 primary segments and usually auricled at the base; primary segments 2–6 cm. long, ± lanceolate in outline, pinnately divided, the rhachis filiform or ± inflated and up to 2 mm. thick; pinnae repeatedly dichotomously forked; ultimate segments capillary, minutely setulose; auricles when present reniform or orbicular, up to 10 mm. long, margin usually denticulate or ± divided into setulose capillary segments.
    Floats
    Floats verticillate or sub-verticillate on the lower half of the scape, 3–10, inflated, narrowly cylindrical to fusiform, 2–5 cm. long, bearing a variable number of reduced or sometimes well-developed leaf-segments at the apex.
    Traps
    Traps usually numerous, lateral near the base of the ultimate and penultimate leaf-segments, broadly ovoid, shortly stalked, 1–3 mm. long; mouth lateral; upper lip naked or with 2 short simple or sparsely branched hairs; lower lip naked or with a few shorter simple hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence erect, lateral, 3–20 cm. high; flowers 2–15, congested at anthesis; inflorescence-axis elongating in fruit; scape filiform to relatively stout, straight, smooth and glabrous; scales absent; bracts basifixed, ovate, 1–2 mm. long; bracteoles absent; pedicels filiform, erect or spreading at anthesis, 1.5–5 mm. long, strongly reflexed and thickened in fruit.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes subequal, broadly ovate, apex rounded or lower sometimes emarginate, ± 3 mm. long at anthesis, strongly accrescent, becoming fleshy, up to 10 mm. long and enclosing the capsule.
    Corolla
    Corolla white or yellow, usually variously marked with red or purple lines, 7–10 mm. long, ± densely covered externally with glandular hairs; upper lip broadly ovate, 1.5–2 times as long as the upper calyx-lobe, apex truncate or emarginate; lower lip orbicular, apex rounded or emarginate; palate raised, bigibbous; spur cylindrical, ± as long as the lower lip.
    Stamens
    Filaments linear, dilated above; anther-thecae subdistinct.
    Pistil
    Ovary globose, minutely squamulate; style distinct, as long as the ovary; stigma lower lip semi-orbicular, upper obsolete.
    Fruits
    Capsule globose, circumscissile, ± 5 mm. in diameter with the style often considerably elongated.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, prismatic, 4–6-angled, ± as wide as high, ± winged on the angles, hilum prominent; testa-cells distinct, elongated, ± 0.05 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Still or slow flowing water in pools, lakes and rivers; sea-level to 1600 m.
    Distribution
    throughout tropical Africa, extending to Madagascar and India K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T8 U1 U2
    [FZ]

    Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

    Habit
    Aquatic herb.
    Stolons
    Stolons up to 1 mm. long or more, terete, smooth and glabrous; internodes 3–10(15) mm.
    Leaves
    Leaves very numerous, digitately divided into 3–6 primary segments and usually auricled at the base; primary segments 2–6 cm. long, more or less lanceolate in outline, pinnately divided, the rhachis filiform or more or less inflated and up to 2 mm. thick; pinnae repeatedly dichotomously forked; ultimate segments capillary, minutely setulose; auricles when present reniform or circular, up to 10 mm. long, margin usually denticulate or more or less divided into setulose capillary segments.
    Floats
    Floats verticillate or subverticillate on the lower half of the peduncle, 3–10, inflated, narrowly cylindrical to fusiform, 2–5 cm. long, bearing a variable number of reduced or sometimes well developed leaf segments at the apex.
    Traps
    Traps usually numerous, lateral near the base of the ultimate and penultimate leaf segments, broadly ovoid, shortly stalked, 1–3 mm. long; mouth lateral, naked or with 2 dorsal short simple or sparsely branched hairs, and sometimes with a few shorter ventral simple hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence erect, lateral, 3–20 cm. high; flowers 2–15, congested at anthesis; inflorescence-axis elongating in fruit; peduncle filiform to relatively stout, straight, smooth and glabrous; scales absent; bracts basifixed, ovate, 1–2 mm. long; bracteoles absent; pedicels filiform, erect or spreading at anthesis, 1.5–5 mm. long, strongly and thickened in fruit.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes subequal, broadly ovate, with apex rounded or lower sometimes emarginate, more or less 3 mm. long at anthesis, strongly acrescent, becoming fleshy, up to 10 mm. long and enclosing the capsule.
    Corolla
    Corolla white or yellow, usually variously marked with red or purple lines, 7–10 mm. long, more or less densely covered externally with glandular hairs; superior lip broadly ovate, 1.5–2 times as long as the upper calyx lobe, with apex truncate or emarginate; inferior lip circular, with apex rounded or emarginate; palate raised, bigibbous; spur cylindrical, more or less as long as the inferior lip; filaments linear, dilated above; anther-theacae subdistinct.
    Pistil
    Ovary globose, minutely squamulate; style distinct, as long as the ovary; stigma inferior lip circular, superior obsolete.
    Fruits
    Capsule globose, circumscissile, more or less 5 mm. in diam., with the style often considerably elongated.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, prismatic, 4–6 angled, more or less as wide as high, more or less winged on the angles, hilum prominent; testa-cells distinct, elongated, more or less 0.05 mm. long.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Utricularia inflexa Forssk. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    India 49282.000
    Ash [1605], Ethiopia 35890.000
    Richards, H.M. [23315], Tanzania 7415.000
    Richards, H.M. [19081], Zambia 7586.000
    Hepper, F.N. [3822], Mali 33765.000
    Gossweiler, J. [8325], Angola K001009231
    Kirk [5], Tanzania K000430248 Unknown type material
    Kirk [5], Tanzania K000430249 Unknown type material
    Mann, G. [2326], Nigeria K000430208 Unknown type material
    Raynal, J. [20788], Rwanda 39818.000
    Wickens, G. [3571], Nigeria 38869.000
    Welwitsch [268], Angola K001009232
    Pearson, H.H.W. [2028], Angola K001009233
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [3750], Madagascar K000430313 Unknown type material
    Millson, A. [s.n.], Nigeria K000430207 Unknown type material
    Hess-Wyss, H. [52/967], Angola K001009230

    Bibliography

    First published in Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 9 (1775)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Singh, M. & Ali, S.J. (2008). A study on aquatic Angiosperms of district Mau (East U.P.) Journal of East African Natural History 32: 877-890.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 8(3): 1-118. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Fl. Aegypt. Arab. Descr. Pl. 9 (1775).

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Singh, M. & Ali, S.J. (2008). A study on aquatic Angiosperms of district Mau (East U.P.) Journal of East African Natural History 32: 877-890.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 4: 1-625. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • P. Taylor in Pl. Afr. Centr., Lentib.: 38, t. 11/1–5 & t. 12 (1972).
    • Forsk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab., Descr. Pl.: 9 (1775).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0