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This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Africa, Madagascar, Mexico.
Utricularia livida

[FSOM]

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Distribution
Widespread in eastern Africa southwards to South Africa,
Morphology General Habit
Terrestrial herb, with rhizoids from base of peduncle
Morphology Leaves
Leaves (if present) ± in rosettes at base of peduncle and scattered on stems, linear to obovate-spathulate, entire, 10–25(–70) x 1–6 mm
Morphology General Traps
Traps ovoid, 1–2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences c. 5–10 cm tall in Somalia (but may be much taller elsewhere); bracteoles about as long as bracts
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes 2, subequal, 2–3 mm long in flower, somewhat enlarging in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla violet, mauve or white, often with yellow spot on palate or all yellow, c. 5–7 mm long in Somalia (may be larger elsewhere); upper lip rounded or truncate at apex; lower lip circular; spur slightly shorter than to about 1.5 times as long as lower lip.

[FTEA]

Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
Terrestrial herb.
Morphology General Rhizoids
Rhizoids and stolons capillary, usually numerous from the base of the scape.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves not always present nor conspicuous at anthesis, subrosulate at the scape-base and scattered on the stolons, linear to obovate-spathulate or rarely reniform, 1–7 cm. long, 1–6 mm. wide; nerves of the lamina usually dichotomously branched.
Morphology General Traps
Traps numerous, ovoid, 1–2 mm. long, stalked; mouth terminal; upper lip projecting about twice as much as the lower, both provided with radiating rows of glandular hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence erect, straight or flexuous, simple or rarely branched above, 2–80 cm. high; scape smooth and glabrous, relatively robust; flowers (1–)2–8(–50), distant or more rarely congested; scales few, similar to the bracts; bracts basifixed, ovate, acute or acuminate, ± 1 mm. long; bracteoles linear-lanceolate, ± as long as the bract; pedicels 0.5–1(–3) mm. long, erect at anthesis, spreading or reflexed in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes subequal, ovate, 2–3 mm. long at anthesis, accrescent, always plicate along the nerves, apex of upper lobe acute or obtuse, of lower lobe rounded, truncate or ± bidentate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla violet, mauve or white with a yellow spot on the palate or more rarely wholly yellow or cream, 5–15 mm. long; upper lip 1.5–2 times as long as the upper calyx-lobe, narrowly oblong-obovate, apex rounded or truncate; lower lip orbicular; palate raised and double crested, the crests usually transversely tuberculate; spur slightly shorter than to about 1 1/2 times as long as the lower lip, conical-subulate, straight or curved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments linear; anther-thecae subdistinct.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose; style short but distinct; stigma lower lip semi-orbicular, upper much smaller, deltoid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule globose, up to 2 mm. long, dehiscing by ab- and adaxial longitudinal slits with thickened margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds few to many, 0.3–0.5 mm. long, ovoid, slightly angular, smooth or obscurely to distinctly papillose; testa-cells indistinct, elongate.
Habitat
Boggy grassland and wet rocky places; sea-level to 2600 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 Ethiopia to Cape Province, Madagascar and Mexico

[FZ]

Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Terrestrial herb.
Morphology General Rhizoids and Stolons
Rhizoids and stolons capillary, usually numerous from the base of the peduncle.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves not always present nor conspicuous at anthesis, subrosulate at the peduncle base and scattered on the stolons, linear to obovate-spathulate or rarely reniform, 1–7 cm. long, 1–6 mm. wide; nerves of the lamina usually dichotomously branched.
Morphology General Traps
Traps numerous, ovoid, 1–2 mm. long, stalked; mouth terminal, provided with dorsal and ventral radiating rows of glandular hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence erect, straight or flexuous, simple or rarely branched above, 2–80 cm. high; smooth and glabrous, relatively robust; flowers (1)2–8(50), distant or more rarely congested; scales few, similar to the bracts; bracts basifixed, ovate, acute or acuminate, more or less 1 mm. long; bracteoles linear-lanceolate, more or less as long as the bract; pedicels 0.5–1(3) mm. long, erect at anthesis, spreading or deflexed in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx lobes subequal, ovate, 2–3 mm. long at anthesis, accrescent, always plicate along the nerves, with apex of the upper lobe acute or obtuse, of lower lobe rounded, truncate or more or less bidentate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla violet, mauve or white with a yellow spot on the palate or more rarely wholly yellow or cream, 5–15 mm. long; superior lip 1.5–2 times as long as the upper calyx lobe, narrowly oblong-ovate, with apex rounded or truncate; inferior lip circular; palate raised and double crested, the crests usually transversely tuberculate; spur slightly shorter than to about 1.5 times as long as the inferior lip, conical-subulate, straight or curved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments linear; antherthecae subdistinct.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose; style short but distinct; stigma inferior lip semi-circular, superior much smaller, deltoid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule globose, up to 2 mm. long, dehiscing by dorsal and ventral longitudinal slits with thickened margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed few to many, 0.3–0.5 mm. long, ovoid, slightly angular, smooth or obscurely to distinctly papillose; testa-cells indistinct, elongate.

Native to:

Angola, Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Utricularia livida E.Mey. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1994 Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000430310
Jan 1, 1994 Drege [4838], South Africa K000430311
Jan 1, 1994 Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000430312
Jan 1, 1994 Gentry, H.S. [1407], Sonora K000533820 isotype
Mar 11, 1904 Haygarth, W. [s.n.], South Africa K000430309
Milne-Redhead, E. [3171], Zambia 1174.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [3611], Zambia 1175.000
Jackson, G. [1885], Malawi 1176.000
Kenya 1177.000
Fanshawe, D.B. [3462], Zambia 1178.000
Richards, H.M. [17131], Zambia 23374.000
Richards, H.M. [17884], Tanzania 23937.000
Tweedie [2866], Kenya 25492.000
Tweedie, E.M. [2968], Kenya 25497.000
Brummitt, R.K. [9769], Malawi 25694.063
Brummitt, R.K. [9131], Malawi 25694.075
Brummitt, R.K. [11063], Malawi 25694.085
Brummitt, R.K. [12232], Malawi 25694.195
Richards, H.M. [18610], Tanzania 27151.000
Tweedie [3427], Kenya 29878.000
Bosser, M. [15344], Madagascar 29935.000
Bosser, M. [15902], Madagascar 29936.000
Zambia 30585.000
Richards, H.M. [19354], Zambia 30596.000
Bosser [17360], Madagascar 30618.000
Wild, H. [3894], Zimbabwe 3483.000
Wild, H. [2557], Zimbabwe 3484.000
Wild, H. [3857], Zimbabwe 3485.000
Wild, H. [3863], Zimbabwe 3486.000
Whellan, J.A. [543], Zimbabwe 3487.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [10213], Tanzania 3488.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [11122], Tanzania 3489.000
Wild, H. [40749], Zimbabwe 3490.000
Wild, H. [3867], Zimbabwe 3491.000
Bye, R.A. [4692], Mexico 35357.000
Richards, H.M. [16590], Malawi 3572.000
Richards, H.M. [16509], Malawi 3573.000
Brenan, J.P.M. [7783], Zimbabwe 3575.000
Bosser, J. [8711], Madagascar 3576.000
Harley, R.M. [328], Mexico 37205.000
Harley, R.M. [324], Mexico 37208.000
Jonsson, L. [1034], Madagascar 40786.000
Zimbabwe 42683.000
Zimbabwe 42688.000
Bosser [13798], Madagascar 4843.000
Richards, H.M. [5875], Zambia 4844.000
Tanzania 4845.000
Richards, H. M. [14251], Tanzania 4846.000
Richards, H.M. [14156], Tanzania 4847.000
Richards, H.M. [6028], Zambia 4848.000
Richards, H.M. [15848], Tanzania 4849.000
Jackson, G. [1662], Malawi 4850.000
Wild, H. [3863], Zimbabwe 4851.000
Richards, H.M. [16510], Malawi 4852.000
Richards, H.M. [4994], Zambia 4853.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [4564], Zambia 4854.000
Thomas, A.S. [1882], Sudan 4855.000
Wild, H. [3865], Zimbabwe 4856.000
Tanzania 4857.000
Jackson, G. [2201], Malawi 4858.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [7781], Tanzania 4859.000
Robson, N.K.B. [1319], Malawi 4860.000
Richards, H.M. [7519], Tanzania 4861.000
Polhill, R. [1412], Tanzania 4918.000
Richards, H.M. [6619], Tanzania 4919.000
Richards, H.M., Zambia 4920.000
Robinson, E.A. [4711], Zambia 4921.000
Jonsson, L. [2033], Madagascar 49304.000
Tweedie, E.M. [3633], Kenya 6049.313
Richards, H.M. [1929], Zambia 6325.000
Jackson, G. [1640], Malawi 6326.000
Richards, H.M. [5740], Zambia 6327.000
Bogdan, A. [4663], Kenya 6328.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [8255], Tanzania 6329.000
Watermeyer, A. [166], Tanzania 6330.000
Eggeling, W.J. [6520], Tanzania 6331.000
Bosser, J. [13425], Madagascar 6332.000
Tanzania 6333.000
Richards, H.M. [2167], Zambia 6334.000
Richards, H.M. [5787], Zambia 6335.000
Tanzania 6552.000
Bosser, Madagascar 7257.000
Kirk, J. [s.n.], Zambia K000430233
Last, J.T. [s.n.], Malawi K000430235 Unknown type material
Buchanan, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000430236 Unknown type material
Buchanan, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000430237 Unknown type material
Nutt, W.H. [s.n.], Tanzania K000430240 Unknown type material
Welwitsch. [259], Angola K000430241 Unknown type material
Goetze, W. [976], Tanzania K000430251 Unknown type material
Galpin, E.E. [520], South Africa K000430303
Pegler, A. [936], South Africa K000430305
Dietelen, A. [4798], Lesotho K000430308
Baron, R. [1861], Madagascar K000430318
Baron, R. [4239], Madagascar K000430321
Galeotti, H.G. [7136], Oaxaca K000533818 Unknown type material
Hinton, G.B. [2152], Mexico K001091454
Fournier, E. [s.n.] K001091462
Hartman, C.V. [533], Mexico K001091458
Breedlove, D.E. [7855], Mexico K001091457
Breedlove, D.E. [9234], Mexico K001091447
Hernández M., R. [1213], Mexico K001091451
Kitching, L. [s.n.], Madagascar K000430320 Unknown type material
Baron, R. [2133], Madagascar K000430317
Peterson, K.M. [324], Mexico K001091452
Hinton, G.B. [9457], Mexico K001091448
Baron, R. [1740], Madagascar K000430319
Hinton, G.B. [625], Mexico K001091456
Hinton, G.B. [8295], Mexico K001091453
Pringle, C.G. [8607], México State K000533819 isotype
Pringle, C.G. [1857], Mexico K001091459
Pegler, A. [936], South Africa K000430304
Palmer, E. [446], Mexico K001091465
Breedlove, D.E. [12905], Mexico K001091446
Parry, C.C. [692 1/2], Mexico K001091461
Schaffner, J.G. [335], Mexico K001091463
Schaffner, J.G. [334], Mexico K001091464
Camp, W.H. [2263], Mexico K001091469
Hinton, G.B. [3594], Mexico K001091455
Gibbs [176], Zimbabwe K000430234
Balls, E.K. [5498], Mexico K001091470
Hinton, G.B. [3420], Mexico K001091449
Fries, R.E. [407], Kenya K000430252 Unknown type material
Walker, S. [71001], Mexico K001091468
Taylor, N.P. [410], Mexico K001091450
Schaffner, J.G. [120], Mexico K001091466
Schaffner, J.G. [s.n.], Mexico K001091460

First published in Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr.: 281 (1838)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hernández Rendón, J. & Zamudio Ruiz, S. (2017). Flora de Guerrero 77: 1-48. Facultade de Ciencias, UNAM.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 8(3): 1-118. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • E. Mey., Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr.: 281 (1837).
  • P. Taylor in Fl. Afr. Centr., Lentib.: 24 (1972).
  • P. Taylor in Kew Bulletin 18: 115 (1964)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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