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  1. Family: Lentibulariaceae Rich.
    1. Genus: Utricularia L.
      1. Utricularia livida E.Mey.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Africa, Madagascar, Mexico.

    [FTEA]

    Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

    Habit
    Terrestrial herb.
    Rhizoids
    Rhizoids and stolons capillary, usually numerous from the base of the scape.
    Leaves
    Leaves not always present nor conspicuous at anthesis, subrosulate at the scape-base and scattered on the stolons, linear to obovate-spathulate or rarely reniform, 1–7 cm. long, 1–6 mm. wide; nerves of the lamina usually dichotomously branched.
    Traps
    Traps numerous, ovoid, 1–2 mm. long, stalked; mouth terminal; upper lip projecting about twice as much as the lower, both provided with radiating rows of glandular hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence erect, straight or flexuous, simple or rarely branched above, 2–80 cm. high; scape smooth and glabrous, relatively robust; flowers (1–)2–8(–50), distant or more rarely congested; scales few, similar to the bracts; bracts basifixed, ovate, acute or acuminate, ± 1 mm. long; bracteoles linear-lanceolate, ± as long as the bract; pedicels 0.5–1(–3) mm. long, erect at anthesis, spreading or reflexed in fruit.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes subequal, ovate, 2–3 mm. long at anthesis, accrescent, always plicate along the nerves, apex of upper lobe acute or obtuse, of lower lobe rounded, truncate or ± bidentate.
    Corolla
    Corolla violet, mauve or white with a yellow spot on the palate or more rarely wholly yellow or cream, 5–15 mm. long; upper lip 1.5–2 times as long as the upper calyx-lobe, narrowly oblong-obovate, apex rounded or truncate; lower lip orbicular; palate raised and double crested, the crests usually transversely tuberculate; spur slightly shorter than to about 1 1/2 times as long as the lower lip, conical-subulate, straight or curved.
    Stamens
    Filaments linear; anther-thecae subdistinct.
    Pistil
    Ovary globose; style short but distinct; stigma lower lip semi-orbicular, upper much smaller, deltoid.
    Fruits
    Capsule globose, up to 2 mm. long, dehiscing by ab- and adaxial longitudinal slits with thickened margins.
    Seeds
    Seeds few to many, 0.3–0.5 mm. long, ovoid, slightly angular, smooth or obscurely to distinctly papillose; testa-cells indistinct, elongate.
    Habitat
    Boggy grassland and wet rocky places; sea-level to 2600 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 Ethiopia to Cape Province, Madagascar and Mexico
    [FZ]

    Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

    Habit
    Terrestrial herb.
    Rhizoids and Stolons
    Rhizoids and stolons capillary, usually numerous from the base of the peduncle.
    Leaves
    Leaves not always present nor conspicuous at anthesis, subrosulate at the peduncle base and scattered on the stolons, linear to obovate-spathulate or rarely reniform, 1–7 cm. long, 1–6 mm. wide; nerves of the lamina usually dichotomously branched.
    Traps
    Traps numerous, ovoid, 1–2 mm. long, stalked; mouth terminal, provided with dorsal and ventral radiating rows of glandular hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence erect, straight or flexuous, simple or rarely branched above, 2–80 cm. high; smooth and glabrous, relatively robust; flowers (1)2–8(50), distant or more rarely congested; scales few, similar to the bracts; bracts basifixed, ovate, acute or acuminate, more or less 1 mm. long; bracteoles linear-lanceolate, more or less as long as the bract; pedicels 0.5–1(3) mm. long, erect at anthesis, spreading or deflexed in fruit.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes subequal, ovate, 2–3 mm. long at anthesis, accrescent, always plicate along the nerves, with apex of the upper lobe acute or obtuse, of lower lobe rounded, truncate or more or less bidentate.
    Corolla
    Corolla violet, mauve or white with a yellow spot on the palate or more rarely wholly yellow or cream, 5–15 mm. long; superior lip 1.5–2 times as long as the upper calyx lobe, narrowly oblong-ovate, with apex rounded or truncate; inferior lip circular; palate raised and double crested, the crests usually transversely tuberculate; spur slightly shorter than to about 1.5 times as long as the inferior lip, conical-subulate, straight or curved.
    Stamens
    Filaments linear; antherthecae subdistinct.
    Pistil
    Ovary globose; style short but distinct; stigma inferior lip semi-circular, superior much smaller, deltoid.
    Fruits
    Capsule globose, up to 2 mm. long, dehiscing by dorsal and ventral longitudinal slits with thickened margins.
    Seeds
    Seed few to many, 0.3–0.5 mm. long, ovoid, slightly angular, smooth or obscurely to distinctly papillose; testa-cells indistinct, elongate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Utricularia livida E.Mey. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1994 Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000430310
    Jan 1, 1994 Drege [4838], South Africa K000430311
    Jan 1, 1994 Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000430312
    Jan 1, 1994 Gentry, H.S. [1407], Sonora K000533820 isotype
    Mar 11, 1904 Haygarth, W. [s.n.], South Africa K000430309
    Kenya 1177.000
    Zambia 30585.000
    Zimbabwe 42683.000
    Zimbabwe 42688.000
    Tanzania 4845.000
    Tanzania 4857.000
    Tanzania 6333.000
    Tanzania 6552.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [3171], Zambia 1174.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [3611], Zambia 1175.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10213], Tanzania 3488.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [11122], Tanzania 3489.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [4564], Zambia 4854.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7781], Tanzania 4859.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [8255], Tanzania 6329.000
    Brenan, J.P.M. [7783], Zimbabwe 3575.000
    Wild, H. [3894], Zimbabwe 3483.000
    Wild, H. [2557], Zimbabwe 3484.000
    Wild, H. [3857], Zimbabwe 3485.000
    Wild, H. [3863], Zimbabwe 3486.000
    Wild, H. [40749], Zimbabwe 3490.000
    Wild, H. [3867], Zimbabwe 3491.000
    Wild, H. [3863], Zimbabwe 4851.000
    Wild, H. [3865], Zimbabwe 4856.000
    Richards, H.M. [16509], Malawi 3573.000
    Richards, H.M. [5875], Zambia 4844.000
    Richards, H.M. [14156], Tanzania 4847.000
    Richards, H.M. [6028], Zambia 4848.000
    Richards, H.M. [15848], Tanzania 4849.000
    Richards, H.M. [16510], Malawi 4852.000
    Richards, H.M. [6619], Tanzania 4919.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [2968], Kenya 25497.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [3633], Kenya 6049.313
    Eggeling, W.J. [6520], Tanzania 6331.000
    Robson, N.K.B. [1319], Malawi 4860.000
    Jackson, G. [1885], Malawi 1176.000
    Jackson, G. [1662], Malawi 4850.000
    Jackson, G. [2201], Malawi 4858.000
    Jackson, G. [1640], Malawi 6326.000
    Richards, H.M. [17131], Zambia 23374.000
    Richards, H.M. [17884], Tanzania 23937.000
    Richards, H.M. [18610], Tanzania 27151.000
    Richards, H.M. [19354], Zambia 30596.000
    Richards, H.M. [16590], Malawi 3572.000
    Richards, H.M. [4994], Zambia 4853.000
    Richards, H.M. [7519], Tanzania 4861.000
    Richards, H.M., Zambia 4920.000
    Richards, H.M. [1929], Zambia 6325.000
    Richards, H.M. [5740], Zambia 6327.000
    Richards, H.M. [2167], Zambia 6334.000
    Richards, H.M. [5787], Zambia 6335.000
    Polhill, R. [1412], Tanzania 4918.000
    Robinson, E.A. [4711], Zambia 4921.000
    Fanshawe, D.B. [3462], Zambia 1178.000
    Harley, R.M. [328], Mexico 37205.000
    Harley, R.M. [324], Mexico 37208.000
    Whellan, J.A. [543], Zimbabwe 3487.000
    Hinton, G.B. [9457], Mexico K001091448
    Hinton, G.B. [8295], Mexico K001091453
    Hinton, G.B. [3420], Mexico K001091449
    Hinton, G.B. [2152], Mexico K001091454
    Hinton, G.B. [3594], Mexico K001091455
    Hinton, G.B. [625], Mexico K001091456
    Bosser, J. [8711], Madagascar 3576.000
    Bosser, J. [13425], Madagascar 6332.000
    Watermeyer, A. [166], Tanzania 6330.000
    Bosser [17360], Madagascar 30618.000
    Bosser [13798], Madagascar 4843.000
    Bosser, Madagascar 7257.000
    Last, J.T. [s.n.], Malawi K000430235 Unknown type material
    Pegler, A. [936], South Africa K000430304
    Pegler, A. [936], South Africa K000430305
    Tweedie [2866], Kenya 25492.000
    Tweedie [3427], Kenya 29878.000
    Bogdan, A. [4663], Kenya 6328.000
    Kirk, J. [s.n.], Zambia K000430233
    Thomas, A.S. [1882], Sudan 4855.000
    Balls, E.K. [5498], Mexico K001091470
    Brummitt, R.K. [9769], Malawi 25694.063
    Brummitt, R.K. [9131], Malawi 25694.075
    Brummitt, R.K. [11063], Malawi 25694.085
    Brummitt, R.K. [12232], Malawi 25694.195
    Taylor, N.P. [410], Mexico K001091450
    Bosser, M. [15344], Madagascar 29935.000
    Bosser, M. [15902], Madagascar 29936.000
    Galpin, E.E. [520], South Africa K000430303
    Walker, S. [71001], Mexico K001091468
    Bye, R.A. [4692], Mexico 35357.000
    Peterson, K.M. [324], Mexico K001091452
    Jonsson, L. [1034], Madagascar 40786.000
    Jonsson, L. [2033], Madagascar 49304.000
    Richards, H. M. [14251], Tanzania 4846.000
    Gibbs [176], Zimbabwe K000430234
    Galeotti, H.G. [7136], Oaxaca K000533818 Unknown type material
    Hartman, C.V. [533], Mexico K001091458
    Pringle, C.G. [8607], México State K000533819 isotype
    Pringle, C.G. [1857], Mexico K001091459
    Baron, R. [2133], Madagascar K000430317
    Baron, R. [1861], Madagascar K000430318
    Baron, R. [1740], Madagascar K000430319
    Baron, R. [4239], Madagascar K000430321
    Fries, R.E. [407], Kenya K000430252 Unknown type material
    Buchanan, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000430236 Unknown type material
    Buchanan, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000430237 Unknown type material
    Nutt, W.H. [s.n.], Tanzania K000430240 Unknown type material
    Goetze, W. [976], Tanzania K000430251 Unknown type material
    Welwitsch. [259], Angola K000430241 Unknown type material
    Kitching, L. [s.n.], Madagascar K000430320 Unknown type material
    Camp, W.H. [2263], Mexico K001091469
    Schaffner, J.G. [120], Mexico K001091466
    Schaffner, J.G. [334], Mexico K001091464
    Schaffner, J.G. [335], Mexico K001091463
    Schaffner, J.G. [s.n.], Mexico K001091460
    Dietelen, A. [4798], Lesotho K000430308
    Breedlove, D.E. [9234], Mexico K001091447
    Breedlove, D.E. [7855], Mexico K001091457
    Breedlove, D.E. [12905], Mexico K001091446
    Palmer, E. [446], Mexico K001091465
    Parry, C.C. [692 1/2], Mexico K001091461
    Fournier, E. [s.n.] K001091462
    Hernández M., R. [1213], Mexico K001091451

    Bibliography

    First published in Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr.: 281 (1838)

    Accepted by

    • Hernández Rendón, J. & Zamudio Ruiz, S. (2017). Flora de Guerrero 77: 1-48. Facultade de Ciencias, UNAM.
    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 8(3): 1-118. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • P. Taylor in Fl. Afr. Centr., Lentib.: 24 (1972).
    • P. Taylor in Kew Bulletin 18: 115 (1964)
    • E. Mey., Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr.: 281 (1837).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/