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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa to N. Botswana, Central Madagascar.
Utricularia reflexa Oliv.

[FTEA]

Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

Morphology General Habit
Aquatic herb.
Vegetative Multiplication Stolons
Stolons filiform to relatively thick and fleshy, up to 50 cm. long or more, 0.3–3.0 mm. thick, glabrous or ± densely covered with simple or stellate hairs which extend also to the traps, basal part of the leaves and scapes; internodes 2–10(–15) mm.
Morphology General Rhizoids
Rhizoids usually absent but when present 2–3 from the scape base, capillary, 3–5 mm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves very numerous, digitately divided to the base into 2–5 primary segments, 3–30 mm. long; primary segments ovate in outline, repeatedly dichotomously divided; ultimate segments capillary, setulose.
Morphology General Traps
Traps inserted in the angles between the primary segments and between subsequent dichotomies, very variable in number and size, ovoid, shortly stalked, 1–6 mm. long; mouth lateral; upper lip with 2 simple to copiously branched hairs; lower lip naked or with shorter simple hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence lateral, 1.5–18 cm. high; flowers 1–3(4), distant, the lowermost sometimes very near the base of the scape; scape erect or rarely twining, filiform; scales absent; bracts basifixed, quadrate or orbicular, ± encircling the base of the pedicel, 1–3 mm. long; bracteoles absent; pedicels filiform, erect at anthesis, strongly reflexed or recurved in fruit, 2–35 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes subequal, broadly ovate, 1–2 mm. long, scarcely accrescent, apex obtuse or rounded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla pale to quite deep yellow, usually with brown or reddish nerves, ± densely covered externally with fine short hairs, rarely glabrous, 3–15 mm. long; upper lip broadly ovate or orbicular, apex truncate or rounded, entire or emarginate, 1.5–3 times as long as the upper calyx-lobe; lower lip orbicular to subreniform, apex ± emarginate or 2-lobed; palate raised, bigibbous; spur cylindrical, ± as long as the lower lip.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments linear; anther-thecae ± confluent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose; style short or obsolete; stigma lower lip semi-orbicular, sometimes ciliate, upper very short or obsolete.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule globose, circumscissile, 3–4 mm. in diameter, few–many-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds lenticular, angular, 0.4–0.8 mm. wide, often narrowly winged on the angles; testa reticulate, cells distinct, isodiametric or ± elongate.

[FWTA]

Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Aquatic with long stolons bearing short lateral scapes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
1 to 4 yellow flowers, the pedicels elongating and reflexing in fruit.

[FZ]

Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Aquatic herb.
Vegetative Multiplication Stolons
Stolons filiform to relatively thick and fleshy, up to 50 cm. x 0.3–3.0 mm., or more or less densely covered with simple stellate hairs which extend also to the traps, basal part of the leaves and peduncle; internodes 2–10(15) mm.
Morphology General Rhizoids
Rhizoids usually absent but when present 2–3 from the peduncle base, capillary, 3–5 mm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves very numerous, digitately divided to the base into 2–5 primary segments, 3–1.30 mm. long, repeatedly dichotomously divided, the ultimate segments capillary, setulose.
Morphology General Traps
Traps inserted in the angles between the primary segments and between subsequent dichotomies, very variable in number and size, ovoid, shortly stalked, 1–6 mm. long; mouth lateral with 2 dorsal simple to conspicuously branched hairs and sometimes with ventral shorter simple hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence lateral, 1.5–18 cm. high; flowers 1–3(4), distant, the lowermost sometimes very near the base of the peduncle; peduncle erect or rarely twining, filiform; scales absent; bracts basifixed, quadrate or circular, more or less encircling the base of the pedicel, 1–3 mm. long; bracteoles absent; pedicels filiform, erect at anthesis, usually strongly deflexed or decurved in fruit, 2–35 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx lobes subequal, broadly ovate, 1–2 mm. long, scarcely accrescent, with apex obtuse or rounded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla pale to quite deep yellow, usually with brown or reddish nerves, more or less densely covered externally with fine short hairs, rarely glabrous, 3–15 mm. long; superior lip broadly ovate or circular, with apex truncate or rounded, entire or emarginate, 1.5–3 times as long as the upper calyx lobe; inferior lip circular to subreniform, with apex more or less emarginate or 2-lobed; palate raised, bigibbous; spur cylindrical, more or less as long as the inferior lip.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments linear; anther-thecae more or less confluent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose; style short or obsolete; stigma inferior lip semi-circular, sometimes ciliate, superior very short or obsolete.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule globose, circumscissile, 3–4 mm. in diam., few-many-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds lenticular, angular, 0.4–0.8 mm. wide, often narrowly winged on the angles; testa reticulate, cells distinct, isodiametric or more or less elongate.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Utricularia reflexa Oliv. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Apr 4, 1904 Vogel, E. [94], Chad K000430260
Apr 4, 1904 Welwitsch. [269], Angola K000430329 Unknown type material
Richards, H.M. [18086], Zambia 22953.000
Brummitt, R.K. [16798], Malawi 25694.139
Hepper, F.N. [5475], Tanzania 34338.000
Schafer [22389] 39842.000
Barter [890] K000430203 Unknown type material
Barter [s.n.], Nigeria K000430205 Unknown type material
Speke [s.n.] K000430247
Kotschy [201] K000430254
Kotschy [201] K000430255
Fries, R.E. [977], Zambia K000430330 Unknown type material
Hess-Wyss, H. [52/1670], Angola K001009218
Stopp, K. [BO 230], Angola K001009222
Barter [s.n.] K000430204
Milne-Redhead, E. [4107], Angola K001009223
Hess-Wyss, H. [52/2036], Angola K001009219
Johnston, H.H. [s.n.], Angola K001009225
Hess-Wyss, H. [52/283], Angola K001009215
Chevalier, A. [22297], Côte d'Ivoire K000430206 Unknown type material
Welwitsch. [271], Angola K000430328 Unknown type material
Stopp, K. [BO219], Angola K001009221
Hess-Wyss, H. [52/1780], Angola K001009220
Bamps, P. [4152], Angola K001009224
Hess-Wyss, H. [52/1670], Angola K001009217
Hess-Wyss, H. [52/672], Angola K001009216

First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 9: 146 (1865)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 4: 1-625. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 4, 2: 492
  • Pellegr. in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 61: 19.
  • in J. Linn. Soc. 9: 146 (1867)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 4: 1-625. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 8(3): 1-118. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Oliv. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 9: 146 (1865).
  • P. Taylor in Fl. Afr. Centr., Lentib.: 45 (1972).
  • P. Taylor in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 380 (1963)
  • P. Taylor in Kew Bulletin 18: 163 (1964)
  • Stapf in Flora of Tropical Africa 4 (2): 492 (1906).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/