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  1. Family: Lentibulariaceae Rich.
    1. Genus: Utricularia L.
      1. Utricularia spiralis Sm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1973

    Habit
    Terrestrial herb.
    Rhizoids
    Rhizoids and stolons capillary, numerous from the base of the scape.
    Leaves
    Leaves few, usually decayed at anthesis, leaf-opposed on the stolons, linear, up to 5 cm. long and 2.5 mm. wide, 1–3-nerved.
    Traps
    Traps numerous, globose, shortly stalked, glandular, 0.6–1.0 mm. long; mouth basal; upper lip with 2 simple subulate appendages.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence erect or usually twining, 5–50 cm. high; scape filiform, glabrous; flowers 1–15, usually distant; scales few, similar to the bracts; bracts basifixed, broadly ovate, ± 2 mm. long; bracteoles linear-lanceolate, usually shorter than the bracts; pedicels erect or ascending, 3–6 mm. long at anthesis, up to 15 mm. long in fruit, flattened or ± narrowly winged, always longer than the fruiting calyx.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes subequal, ovate to narrowly ovate, apex of upper acute, of lower minutely bidentate.
    Corolla
    Corolla usually violet with a dark blue, greenish, yellow or white spot in the throat, rarely wholly yellow or white, 5–30 mm. long; upper lip narrowly oblong to orbicular; lower lip orbicular; palate raised; spur usually curved, acute or rarely obtuse.
    Stamens
    Filaments linear; anther-thecae subdistinct.
    Pistil
    Ovary ovoid; style indistinct; stigma-lips short, truncate, subequal.
    Fruits
    Capsule narrowly ovoid, dehiscing by a longitudinal abaxial slit; capsule-wall of uniform thickness.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, globose, 0.2–0.3 mm. in diameter; testa thin, cells distinct, ± isodiametric.
    [FZ]

    Lentibulariaceae, P. Taylor. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

    Habit
    Terrestrial herb.
    Rhizoids and Stolons
    Rhizoids and stolons capillary, numerous from the base of the peduncle.
    Leaves
    Leaves few, usually decayed at anthesis, leaf-opposed on the stolons, linear, up to 5 cm. ×2.5 mm., 1–3-nerved.
    Traps
    Traps numerous, globose, shortly stalked, glandular, 0.6–1.0 mm. long; mouth basal, with 2 dorsal simple subulate appendages.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence erect or usually twining, 20–70 cm. high; peduncle filiform, glabrous; flowers 3–10, usually distant; scales few, similar to the bracts; bracts basifixed, broadly ovate, 2 mm. long; bracteoles linear-lanceolate, usually shorter than the bracts; pedicels erect or ascending, 5–15 mm. long, flattened or more or less narrowly winged, always longer than the fruiting calyx.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes subequal 3–6 mm. long, ovate to narrowly ovate with apex of upper acute, of lower minutely bidentate.
    Corolla
    Corolla usually violet with a dark blue, greenish, yellow or white spot in the throat, rarely wholly yellow or white, 1–3 cm. long; superior lip oblong to circular; inferior lip circular; palate raised; spur subulate, usually curved, acute.
    Stamens
    Filaments linear; anther-thecae subdistinct; ovary ovoid; style indistinct; stigma-lips short, truncate, subequal.
    Fruits
    Capsule narrowly ovoid, dehiscing by longitudinal dorsal and ventral slits; capsule-wall of uniform thickness.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, globose, 0.2–0.3 mm. in diam.; testa thin, cells distinct, more or less isodiametric.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Central African Repu, Chad, Gabon, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Utricularia spiralis Sm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2828], Zambia 1207.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2862], Zambia 1208.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2863], Zambia 1209.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [2864], Zambia 1211.000
    Richards, H.M. [5267], Zambia 6347.000
    Bullock, A.A. [3116], Tanzania 3612.000
    Chevalier, A. [20298], Guinea K000430214
    Hepper, F.N. [5476], Tanzania 34346.000
    Gossweiler, J. [s.n.], Angola K001009301
    Gossweiler, J. [2613], Angola K001009302
    Milne-Redhead, E. [3999], Angola K001009303
    Mumbala, R. [3999], Angola 1210.000
    Faulkner, H.G. [A381], Angola K001009304
    Faulkner, H.G. [A345], Angola K001009305
    Sanane, M. [335], Zambia 7416.000
    Baum, H. [307], Angola K000430232 Unknown type material
    s.coll. [s.n.], Angola K001009300

    Bibliography

    First published in A.Rees, Cycl. 37: n.º 5 (1818)

    Accepted by

    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
    • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 8(3): 1-118. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • in Rees Cyclop. 37: No. 5 (1819).

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
    • Taylor, P. (1989). The Genus Utricularia: a taxonomic monograph: 1-724. Her Majesty's stationery office, London.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • P. Taylor in Fl. Afr. Centr., Lentib.: 12 (1972).
    • P. Taylor in Kew Bulletin 18: 58 (1964)
    • P. Taylor in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 378 (1963)
    • Stapf in Flora of Tropical Africa 4 (2): 482 (1906), pro parte.
    • Sm. in Rees, Cycl. 37, No. 5 (1819).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0