1. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Allium L.
      1. Allium neapolitanum Cirillo

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Medit.

    [FTEA]

    Alliaceae, Sarah Smith & Jonathan Stansbie. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2003

    Habit
    Perennial bulbous herb, 20–60 cm high, bulb 1–2.5 cm in diameter, with many bulbils.
    Leaves
    Leaves linear, glaucous, 10–50 cm long, 0.4–1.2 cm wide.
    Scape
    Scape 20–70 cm long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a lax umbel with 12–15 fragrant flowers.
    Bracts
    Bracts triangular, acuminate, 1–3 cm long.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels unequal, 1–7 cm long.
    Perianth
    Perianth 7–15 mm long, purple in bud, then white; lobes with pink or purple midrib, ± 4 mm wide.
    Stamens
    Stamens included; filaments 7–10 mm long, simple..
    Ovary
    Ovary oblong, very shortly stalked.
    Fruits
    Capsule obovoid, triquetrous, 6–10 mm long.
    Figures
    Fig. 2 (page 7).
    Habitat
    A weed spread from nurseries, in gardens, parks, along roads, and often near houses; 1600–2150 m
    Distribution
    K4 T3 originally from warm temperate America but now naturalised in Malawi, Madagascar, South Africa, and SW Europe
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Alliaceae by S. Kativu

    Habit
    Perennial herb, 19–85 cm high; bulb 6–20 mm diameter with several to many bulbils.
    Leaves
    Leaves linear, glaucous, 8–30 × 0.2–0.9 cm wide.
    Peduncles
    Peduncle 11–76 cm long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence laxly umbellate, 12–15 flowered.
    Bracts
    Bracts overlapping at base, triangular, acuminate, 8–20 mm long.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels unequal, 1–4 cm long in fruit.
    Perianth
    Perianth 7–10 mm long, greenish-purple in bud, turning white, lobes with a purplish midrib, c.4 mm wide.
    Stamens
    Stamens included, filaments c.8 mm long.
    Ovary
    Ovary oblong, subsessile.
    Fruits
    Capsule obovoid, triquetrous, 5 × 5 mm wide; seeds blackish.
    Distribution
    Also in South Africa (former Transvaal) and Tanzania.
    Ecology
    On disturbed ground, a naturalized weed of old lands and gardens; 1000–1200 m.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Baleares, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, France, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Sicilia, Sinai, Spain, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Algeria, California, Canary Is., Florida, Georgia, Great Britain, Louisiana, Madeira, Morocco, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Pakistan, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia

    Allium neapolitanum Cirillo appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1973 Bojer [s.n.], Mauritius Nothoscordum inodorum K000432370

    First published in Pl. Rar. Neapol. 1: 13 (1788)

    Accepted by

    • Parslow, R. & Bennallick, I. (2017). The new flora of the Isles of Scilly: 1-539. Parslow Press.
    • Vladimirov, V., Dane, F. & Kit Tan (2015). New floristic records in the Balkans: 26 Phytologia Balcanica 21: 53-91.
    • Rico, E. & al. (eds.) in Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora Iberica 20: 1-651. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2002). Flora of North America North of Mexico 26: 1-723. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Boulos, L. (1995). Flora of Egypt Checklist: i-xii, 1-287. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
    • George, A.S. (ed.) (1987). Flora of Australia 45: 1-521. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1984). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 8: 1-632. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Healey, A.J. & Edgar, E. (1980). Flora of New Zealand 3: 1-220. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Nasir, E. (1975). Flora of Pakistan 83: 1-31. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Maire, R. (1958). Flore de l'Afrique du Nord 5: 1-307. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542. New York Botanical Garden.
    • Parslow, R. & Bennallick, I. (2017). The new flora of the Isles of Scilly: 1-539. Parslow Press.
    • Rico, E. & al. (eds.) in Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora Iberica 20: 1-651. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
    • George, A.S. (ed.) (1987). Flora of Australia 45: 1-521. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1984). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 8: 1-632. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Healey, A.J. & Edgar, E. (1980). Flora of New Zealand 3: 1-220. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Nasir, E. (1975). Flora of Pakistan 83: 1-31. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Maire, R. (1958). Flore de l'Afrique du Nord 5: 1-307. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0