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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 2600 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, arbusto

[FZ]

Aloaceae, S. Kativu. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Shrub 3–5 m high.
Morphology Stem
Stem to 30 cm in diameter, branching at or near the base, much branched above; stem and branches usually covered with persistent dried leaf remains.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in a dense rosette at the apex of each branch, spreading becoming recurved; lamina up to 60 cm long, 5–7 cm wide at the base, lanceolate-attenuate, greyish-green, without spots, tinged reddish in dry conditions; margin with firm forward-pointing yellow deltoid teeth 3–5 mm long and 10–15 mm apart.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 1–4 from each rosette, erect, up to c. 60 cm tall; peduncle simple or rarely with one short branch, with a few sterile bracts below the raceme. Raceme 20–40 × c. 10 cm, cylindric-acuminate, very densely flowered, the buds covered by the bracts; bracts 15–20 × 10–12 mm, broadly ovate, scarious, brown, many-nerved; pedicels 30–40 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth bright orange-scarlet, paler towards the mouth, green-tipped in bud, 35–40 mm long, c. 7 mm in diameter across the ovary, cylindric-trigonous; outer segments free to the base, tips scarcely spreading.
Morphology Reproductive morphology
Stamens and stigma exserted c. 5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 17–18 × 7 mm, oblong-ovoid, yellowish-brown.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1.75 × 3.5 mm, black with very narrow, whitish wings.

Native to:

Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Algeria, Baleares, Canary Is., Caroline Is., France, Korea, Madeira, Marshall Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, New South Wales, New Zealand South, Portugal, South Australia, Spain, Tunisia

Aloe arborescens Mill. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1990 Cholocholo, Aubrey [22], Malawi K000210345
Feb 10, 1987 Chase, N.C. [6886], Zimbabwe K000210365
Feb 10, 1987 Leach, L.C. [12875], Zimbabwe K000210363
Feb 10, 1987 Brummitt, R.K. [11232], Malawi K000210348
Feb 10, 1987 Brummitt, R.K. [9724], Malawi K000210349
Feb 10, 1987 Brummitt, R.K. [9724], Malawi K000210350
Feb 10, 1987 Chapman, J.D. [5792], Malawi K000210355
Feb 10, 1987 Blackmore, S. [407], Malawi K000210356
Feb 5, 1987 Reynolds, G.W. [6698], Malawi K000210346
Feb 5, 1987 Mogg, A.O.D. [1026], Mozambique K000210367
Feb 5, 1987 Mogg, A.O.D. [1026], Mozambique K000210366
Feb 5, 1987 Richards, H.M. [16637], Malawi K000210354
May 6, 1985 Richards, H.M. [16785], Malawi K000210351
May 6, 1985 Schäfer, P.A. [6747], Mozambique K000210357
4352.000
Brass, L.J. [16525], Malawi K000210353
Brummitt, R.K. [10091], Malawi K000210347
Miller, O.B. [2926], Zimbabwe K000210364
Carter [2704], Zimbabwe K000210362
Carter [2704], Zimbabwe K000210361
Richards, H.M. [16594], Malawi K000210352
Torre, A.R. [5390], Mozambique K000210359
Torre, A.R. [5390], Mozambique K000210360
Groenendijk, E.M.C. [2025], Mozambique K000210358
Wood, M [4342] K000400924 Unknown type material
Patel, H. [7253], Mozambique K000545214
Timberlake, J. [5435], Mozambique K000614420
Timberlake, J. [5435], Mozambique K000524264

First published in Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.º 3 (1768)

Accepted by

  • Rico, E. & al. (eds.) in Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora Iberica 20: 1-651. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Carter, S., Lavranos, J.J., Newton, L.E. & Walker, C.C. (2011). Aloes. The definitive guide: 1-720. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Klopper, R.R., Retief, E. & Smith, G.F. (2009). The genus Aloe L. (Asphodelaceae: Alooideae) in the Free State province of South Africa Haseltonia. Yearbook of the Cactus and Succulent Society of America 14: 41-52.
  • Smith, G.F., Klopper, R.R. & Crouch, N.R. (2008). Aloe arborescens (Asphodelaceae: Alooideae) and CITES Haseltonia. Yearbook of the Cactus and Succulent Society of America 14: 189-198.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
  • Albano, P.-O. (2003). La Conaissance des Plantes Exotiques: 1-324. Édisud, Aix-en-Provence.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Pope, G.V. (ed.) (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 12(3): 1-106. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Espejo Serena, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1993). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 1(2): 1-70. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1987). A Geographical Checklist of the Micronesian Monocotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 20: 19-129.
  • George, A.S. (ed.) (1986). Flora of Australia 46: 1-247. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Maire, R. (1958). Flore de l'Afrique du Nord 5: 1-307. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Rico, E. & al. (eds.) in Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora Iberica 20: 1-651. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Klopper, R.R., Retief, E. & Smith, G.F. (2009). The genus Aloe L. (Asphodelaceae: Alooideae) in the Free State province of South Africa Haseltonia. Yearbook of the Cactus and Succulent Society of America 14: 41-52.
  • Smith, G.F., Klopper, R.R. & Crouch, N.R. (2008). Aloe arborescens (Asphodelaceae: Alooideae) and CITES Haseltonia. Yearbook of the Cactus and Succulent Society of America 14: 189-198.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
  • Espejo Serena, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1993). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 1(2): 1-70. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1987). A Geographical Checklist of the Micronesian Monocotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 20: 19-129.
  • George, A.S. (ed.) (1986). Flora of Australia 46: 1-247. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Maire, R. (1958). Flore de l'Afrique du Nord 5: 1-307. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
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Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
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Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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