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  1. Family: Asparagaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Asparagus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Asparagus falcatus L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Ethiopia to S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula, India, Sri Lanka.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Asparagaceae by Sebsebe Demissew

    Habit
    Climbing shrub to 4 m or more.
    Branches
    Branches glabrous.
    Stem
    Stems smooth, terete to angled, usually pale.
    Spines
    Spines 1–17 mm long, recurved, also on terminal branches.
    Cladodes
    Cladodes fasciculate, 3–6 together, straight or falcate, smooth, with a distinct midvein, (15)25–120 × 2–5 mm.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes simple, 1–3, axillary, 15–55 mm long, present on main stems and branches; bracts ovate, acuminate, membranous; pedicels 3–7 mm long, articulated below middle or above.
    Tepal
    Tepals white, broadly elliptic to obovate, 3–3.5 mm long.
    Stamens
    Stamens with yellow anthers.
    Ovary
    Ovary with ± 6 ovules in each locule; style short, c.0.5 mm long including stigma.
    Fruits
    Berry globose or solitary or 2-lobed, 7–10 mm in diameter, red, 1–2 seeded.
    Distribution
    Widespread in the warmer parts of southern Africa, tropical East Africa to India and Sri Lanka. .
    Ecology
    Coastal forest, sand dunes, miombowoodland, along forest margins, rivers and streams, and among rocky outcrops; 0–1800 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: Widespread species; not threatened.
    [FTEA]

    Asparagaceae, Sebsebe Demissew. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

    Habit
    Climbing or scandent shrub to 4(– 7) m long.
    Branches
    Branches with smooth, terete to angled stem, glabrous; spines recurved, on the main stem 5– 7(– 10) mm long, widened at the base; spinules at the base of cladodes 1– 2 mm long.
    Cladodes
    Cladodes in fascicles of 3– 6, flattened, straight or falcate, (25– )35– 125 mm× 2– 5 mm, with a distinct mid-vein.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes simple, solitary or in fascicles of 2, 1.5– 3(– 5) cm long, glabrous; bracts ovate, 0.5– 2 mm long; pedicels 1.5– 4 mm long, articulated in the middle, above or below; flowers solitary.
    Flowers
    Tepals white to cream-yellow, broadly elliptic or obovate, 2.5– 3.5 mm long; stamens shorter than the perianth; anthers yellow; ovary 3-locular with 6 ovules in each locule; style short, ± 0.5 mm long including stigma.
    Fruits
    Berry red or white flushed purple, 7– 10 mm in diameter, 1– 3-seeded.
    Habitat
    Deciduous or evergreen bushland, thicket, dry forest and its margins; 0– 850 m close to the coast and 1250– 1350 m inland
    Distribution
    K3 K7 P T1 T3 T6 T8 U2 U4 Z Ethiopia, Somalia south to South Africaalso in Asia

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Comoros, Ethiopia, Gulf States, India, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Bermuda, Mexico Central, Windward Is.

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Asparagus falcatus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 313 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Demissew, S. & Nordal, I. (2010). Aloes and other Lilies of Ethiopia and Eritrea, ed, 2: 1-351. Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Demissew, S. (2006). Asparagaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-22.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Chaudhary, S.A. (2001). Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 3: 1-368. Ministry of Agriculture & Water, Riyadh.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (2000). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 14: 1-307. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Espejo Serena, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1993). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 1(2): 1-70. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
    • Maire, R. (1958). Flore de l'Afrique du Nord 5: 1-307. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.
    • Perrier de la Bathie, H. (1938). Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 40: 1-147. Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • ―Sebsebe Demissew in F.T.E.A., Asparagaceae: 14 (2006).
    • ―Jessop in Bothalia 9: 69 (1966).
    • in F.T.A. 7: 435 (1898).
    • in F.C. 6: 271 (1896);
    • ―Baker in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 626 (1875);
    • ―Kunth, Enum. Pl. 5: 71 (1850).
    • Sp. Pl.: 313 (1753).

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Demissew, S. (2006). Asparagaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-22.
    • Chaudhary, S.A. (2001). Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 3: 1-368. Ministry of Agriculture & Water, Riyadh.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Espejo Serena, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1993). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 1(2): 1-70. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
    • Perrier de la Bathie, H. (1938). Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 40: 1-147. Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Sebsebe Demissew, Fl. Eth. & Erit. 6: 70 (1996) pro parte.
    • Sebsebe Demissew in Fl. Somalia 4: 26 (1995)
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 311 (1994) pro parte.
    • Blundell, Wild Fl. E.Afr.: fig. 534 (1987).
    • Jessop in Bothalia 9: 69 (1966).
    • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda p. 203 (1962).
    • R. O. Williams, Useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba p. 133 (1949).
    • Baker, Fl. Cap. 271 (1896).
    • Baker, Journ. Linn. Soc. 14: 626 (1875)
    • Kunth, Enum. Pl. 5: 71 (1850).
    • Bresler, Dissert. inaug.: 2 (1826).
    • L., Sp. Pl. 1: 313 (1753).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/