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  1. Family: Asparagaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Asparagus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Asparagus racemosus Willd.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa to N. Australia.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Asparagaceae by Sebsebe Demissew

    Habit
    Tall climber to 6 m high, or tangled shrub, stems shiny yellow with soft, feathery branches when 'in leaf', usually bare when in flower.
    Roots
    Roots many, with fusiform swellings near rhizome.
    Stem
    Stems straight, smooth, shiny yellow to greyish.
    Spines
    Spines 5–12(25) mm long on stems and main branches.
    Branches
    Branches spreading bearing numerous branchlets, ± 70 mm long, with overlapping cladode fascicles.
    Cladodes
    Cladodes 4–8 per fascicle, unequally long, filiform, 10–16(40) mm long, thin.
    Flowers
    Flowers in simple racemes, in multi-budded axils of stems and branches, usually several racemes together, 20–30 mm long; pedicels 3.5–5 mm long, articulated below the middle.
    Tepal
    Tepals attenuate below, ± 3 mm long, white with a reddish central streak, reflexed in fruit; bracts membranous, acuminate.
    Stamens
    Stamens with red (or dark) anthers.
    Ovary
    Ovary attenuate below.
    Fruits
    Berry shortly stipitate, ± 7 mm in diameter, red.
    Distribution
    Widespread from India to tropical E Africa, including Madagascar. .
    Ecology
    In dry forest with Pterocarpus lucens, Xylia torreana, Bussea xylocarpa and Schrebera trichoclada, on stony soils;400–1450 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: Widespread species; not threatened.
    [FWTA]

    Liliaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

    Habit
    Climbing plant up to 6 ft. high
    Ecology
    In thickets
    Flowers
    Flowers green or white
    Fruits
    Berries red.
    [FTEA]

    Asparagaceae, Sebsebe Demissew. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

    Habit
    Climbing shrub to 7 m high; branches terete, lined or angled, glabrous with spines 2– 3 mm long in young parts to 5– 8 mm long in older parts.
    Cladodes
    Cladodes in fascicles of 2– 6, subulate to flattened, 8– 35(– 40)× 0.5– 0.7 mm.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence racemose, 1.5– 19 cm long, glabrous; racemes solitary or fascicled, branching; the terminal parts of racemes with umbellate fascicles of 4– 6 flowers; bracts ovate, concave, 1.5– 4 mm long, glabrous, membranous, sometimes falling quickly; pedicel 4– 8 mm long (elongating to 10 mm long in fruit), articulated at the middle or below.
    Flowers
    Tepals greenish white to white, 2.5– 3 mm long; stamens shorter than the perianth parts with anthers orange to red; ovary obovate, 3-locular with 6– 7 ovules in each locule; style 1– 1.25 mm long with 3-branched stigma.
    Fruits
    Berry green turning red at maturity, 8– 10(– 13) mm in diameter, commonly 1-seeded, sometimes 2– 3-seeded.
    Habitat
    Forests, forest margins, secondary forest, wooded grassland, secondary bushland and grassland; (350– )1550– 2900 m
    Distribution
    K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T3 T4 U1 U2 U3 U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Burkina, Cambodia, Central African Repu, East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nigeria, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Queensland, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Jamaica, Mauritius, Rodrigues, Trinidad-Tobago

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Asparagus racemosus Willd. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1994 Schimp. [374], Ethiopia K000255648 Unknown type material
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10376A], Tanzania 23391.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10376], Tanzania 23776.000
    Bally, P.R.O. [8804], Kenya 4414.000
    Wight, R. [5754], India K000901272
    Brown, R. [5663], Australia K000901281
    Brown, R. [s.n.], Australia K000901282
    Roxburgh, W. [s.n.], India K000901268
    Roxburgh, W. [s.n.], India K000901269
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 5153] K001104947
    s.coll. [5752], Assam K000901270
    s.coll. [5754], Nepal K000901271
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5153] K001104945
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5153] K001104946
    Jacquemont, V. [537], India Asparagus jacquemontii K000901267 Unknown type material
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5152], Myanmar Asparagus acerosus K001104936
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5152], Myanmar Asparagus acerosus K001104937
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5152], Myanmar Asparagus acerosus K001104938
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5152], Myanmar Asparagus acerosus K001104939
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5152], Myanmar Asparagus acerosus K001104944
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 5152], Myanmar Asparagus acerosus K001104940
    Roxburgh, W. [s.n.], India Asparagus acerosus K000901277
    Roxburgh, W. [s.n.], India Asparagus acerosus K000901278
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5152], India Asparagus acerosus K001104941
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5152] Asparagus acerosus K001104942
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5152] Asparagus acerosus K001104943

    Bibliography

    First published in Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 2: 152 (1799)

    Accepted by

    • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Demissew, S. & Nordal, I. (2010). Aloes and other Lilies of Ethiopia and Eritrea, ed, 2: 1-351. Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    • Ali, S.I. & Khan, S.W. (2009). Asparagaceae Flora of Pakistan 217: 1-23. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Demissew, S. (2006). Asparagaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-22.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. (2005). The flowering plants of Mt. Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004 Makinoa 5: 1-102.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Zhengyi, W. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2000). Flora of China 24: 1-431. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (2000). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 14: 1-307. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Noltie, H.J. (1994). Flora of Bhutan 3(1): 1-456. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Rechinger, K.H., Browicz, K., Persson, K. & Wendelbo, P. (1990). Flora Iranica 165: 1-194. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Van Steenis, C.G.G.J. (ed.) (1979-1983). Flora Malesiana 9: 1-600. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
    • Smitinand, T. & Larsen, K. (eds.) (1978). Flora of Thailand 1: 1-694. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1978). Flore des Mascareignes 177-188 IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Hara, H., Stearn, W.T. & Williams, H.J. (1978). An Enumeration of the Flowering Plants of Nepal 1: 1-154. Trustees of British Museum, London.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1968). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(1): 1-276.
    • Andrews, F.W. (1956). The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 1-579. T.Buncle & co., LTD., Arbroath, Scotland.
    • Perrier de la Bathie, H. (1938). Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 40: 1-147. Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Chev. Bot. 645.
    • Sp. Pl. 2: 152 (1799)

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • ―Sebsebe Demissew in F.T.E.A., Asparagaceae: 12 (2006).
    • ―Jessop in Bothalia 9: 72 91966).
    • ―Baker in F.T.A. 7: 434 (1898).
    • in F.T.A. 7: 434 (1898).
    • ―Engler, Hochgeb. Trop. Afrika: 169 (1892).
    • ―Baker in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 623 (1875);
    • Sp. Pl. 2: 152 (1799).

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Demissew, S. (2006). Asparagaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-22.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. (2005). The flowering plants of Mt. Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004 Makinoa 5: 1-102.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (2000). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 14: 1-307. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. Chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • H?, P.-H. (1993). Câyc? Vi?tnam. An Illustrated flora of Vietnam 3(1): 1-603d. Pham-hoang Ho, Montréal.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Van Steenis, C.G.G.J. (ed.) (1979-1983). Flora Malesiana 9: 1-600. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
    • Smitinand, T. & Larsen, K. (eds.) (1978). Flora of Thailand 1: 1-694. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1978). Flore des Mascareignes 177-188 IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Adams, C.D. (1972). Flowering Plants of Jamaica: 1-848. University of the West Indies, Mona.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1968). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(1): 1-276.
    • Fosberg, F.R. (1957). The Maldive islands, Indian Ocean Atoll Research Bulletin 58: 1-37.
    • Perrier de la Bathie, H. (1938). Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 40: 1-147. Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Sebsebe Demissew, Fl. Eth. & Erit. 6: 71 (1997).
    • Sebsebe Demissew in Fl. Somalia 4: 26 (1995)
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 311, t. 140 (1994).
    • Blundell, Wild Fl. E.Afr.: fig. 246 (1987).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa 3: 93 (1968).
    • Jessop in Bothalia 9: 72 (1966).
    • Baker, Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 434 (1898).
    • Engler, Hochgebirgsfl. trop. Afr.: 169 (1892).
    • Baker in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 14: 623 (1875).
    • Wight, Ic. Pl. Ind. Or.: t. 2056 (1853).
    • Willd., Sp. Pl. 2: 152 (1799).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/