1. Family: Asparagaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Chlorophytum Ker Gawl.
      1. Chlorophytum macrophyllum (A.Rich.) Asch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Anthericaceae by S. Kativu, G. Hoell, C.S. Bjorå & I. Nordal

    Habit
    Plants often clumped, 60–90 cm high.
    Rhizomes
    Rhizome short, oblique.
    Roots
    Roots thick, mostly with distal tubers.
    Leaves
    Leaves in basal rosette, large, 28–90 × 1.5–12 cm, narrowed at base, gradually tapering at apex, narrowly lanceolate to broadly lanceolate, glabrous.
    Peduncles
    Peduncle terete, glabrous, occasionally with 1–3 bracts below inflorescence, up to 4.5 mm across at base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence unbranched, dense; rachis slightly scabrid; floral bracts small, glabrous.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels fascicled, lower ones up to 9 per node, articulated at apex, 8–13 mm long.
    Perianth
    Perianth white; tepals 5-veined.
    Stamens
    Stamens as long as perianth; filaments fusiform, scabrid, shorter than anthers.
    Ovary
    Ovary sessile; style declinate, not exserted.
    Fruits
    Capsule shallowly deltoid, 5–8 mm long.
    Seeds
    Seeds saucer-shaped, c.2.5 mm across.
    Distribution
    Widespread in the Sudano-Zambezian region from Sierra Leone east to Ethiopia and south  to Zimbabwe.
    Ecology
    In woodland, along stream banks, often on stony doleritic soils; 100–1200 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: Widely distributed; not threatened.
    [FTEA]

    Anthericaceae, Nordal (University of Oslo), Shakkie Kativu (University of Zimbabwe) & Axel D. Poulsen (University of Copenhagen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1997

    Habit
    Plants 20–80 cm. high, drying yellowish brown to olive-green, very rarely blackish.
    Rhizomes
    Rhizome short, compact; roots medium thick, expanding to spindle-shaped tubers up to 3 cm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves rosulate, not petiolate nor forming a stem, broadly lanceolate, 10–70 cm. long, 2–10 cm. wide, with undulate or crisped margins, glabrous.
    Peduncles
    Peduncle terete, leafless (or with a few sterile bracts connected to the inflorescence), stout, erect, up to 50 cm. long, glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence up to 30 cm., dense, usually unbranched; rhachis glabrous; lower bracts 2.5–6–(13) cm. long, ordinary floral bracts, 2.5–3 cm. long.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels articulated in the upper half, whitish, particularly above the articulation, (8–)10–14 mm. long, 3–5-nate at the lower nodes.
    Perianth
    Perianth whitish (translucent), turning brownish after anthesis; tepals semi-patent, 8–15 mm. long, 2–4 mm. wide, usually 5-veined.
    Stamens
    Stamens equal to to shorter than the tepals; filaments fusiform, widest in upper half, scabrid, 3–5 mm. long, somewhat shorter than the 4–6 mm. long anthers.
    Style
    Style declinate.
    Fruits
    Capsule deltate in cross-section, emarginate, 6–11 mm. long, usually somewhat longer than wide, blackish when dehiscing.
    Seeds
    Seeds saucer-shaped, ± 2–2.5 mm. in diameter.
    Figures
    Fig. 9.
    Habitat
    In riverine or dry evergreen forest, usually in shade, but also in more open woodland, bushland and swampy grassland on black soils, rarely on coral rock in coastal areas; 100–2800 m.
    Distribution
    widespread in tropical Africa from Senegal east to Ethiopia and south to Mozambique and Zimbabwe K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T3 T5 T6 T7
    [FWTA]

    Liliaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

    Habit
    Tuberous-rooted herb
    Leaves
    Rather large leaves in a rosette
    Flowers
    Flowers white, fragrant
    Ecology
    In riverine forest.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Chlorophytum macrophyllum (A.Rich.) Asch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1998 Stolz, A. [2335], Tanzania K000256898 isotype
    Jan 1, 1998 Stolz, A. [2335], Tanzania K000256899 isotype
    Onochie, C.F.A. [18260], Nigeria 29603.000
    Richards, H.M. [13990], Tanzania 5572.000
    Stolz, A. [2335], Tanzania K000256897 isotype
    Schweinfurth, G. [1968], Sudan K000256871 lectotype
    Schweinfurth, G. [2068], Sudan K000256872 Unknown type material
    Schweinfurth, G. [2068], Sudan K000256873 Unknown type material
    Polhill, R. [1143], Tanzania Anthericum macrophyllum 5566.000

    First published in G.Schweinfurth, Beitr. Fl. Aethiop.: 294 (1867)

    Accepted by

    • Meerts, P. (2015). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Anthericaceae: 1-119. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Meerts, P. & Bjorå, C.S. (2012). Synopsis of the genus Chlorophytum (Asparagaceae) in Central Africa (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Burundi) Plant ecology and evolution 145: 373-409.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Demissew, S. & Nordal, I. (2010). Aloes and other Lilies of Ethiopia and Eritrea, ed, 2: 1-351. Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds.) (2004). A Checklist of Zimbabwean Vascular Plants: 1-148. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network (SABONET), Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Andrews, F.W. (1956). The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 1-579. T.Buncle & co., LTD., Arbroath, Scotland.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Morton, W. Afr. Lilies & Orch. fig. 15.
    • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. 186
    • Chev. Bot. 651
    • F.T.A. 7: 498
    • in Schweinf., Beitr. Fl. Aethiop. 294 (1867)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • ―Nordal, Kativu & Poulsen in F.T.E.A., Anthericaceae: 49 (1997).
    • ―Kativu in Kirkia 15: 67 (1994).
    • ―Baker in F.T.A. 7: 498 (1898).
    • ―Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 351 (1893).
    • ―Baker in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 15: 323 (1876).
    • in Schweinfurth, Beitr. Fl. Aethiop.: 294 (1867).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Meerts, P. & Bjorå, C.S. (2012). Synopsis of the genus Chlorophytum (Asparagaceae) in Central Africa (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Burundi) Plant ecology and evolution 145: 373-409.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Demissew, S. & Nordal, I. (2010). Aloes and other Lilies of Ethiopia and Eritrea, ed, 2: 1-351. Shama Books, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Nordal in Fl. Ethiopia 6: 102, fig. 190.8 (1997).
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 318, t. 145 (1994).
    • Nordal & Thulin in Nordic Journ. Bot. 13. 269 (1993).
    • Blundell, Wild Fl. E. Afr., reprint: 422, fig. 146 (1992).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg.) p. 1535 (1971).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 99 (1968).
    • Polhill in Journ. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 24: 13 (1962).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 266 (1956).
    • Baker in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 498 (1898).
    • Baker in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 15: 323 (1875)
    • Aschers. in Schweinf., Beitr. Fl. Aethiop.: 294 (1867).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0