1. Family: Scrophulariaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Buddleja Houst. ex L.
      1. Buddleja salviifolia (L.) Lam.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Tanzania to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Loganiaceae, A. J. M. Leeuwenberg. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Shrub or sometimes small tree, 1–8 m. high.
    Branches
    Branchlets white– or, (especially when dry) rusty–tomentose with stellate hairs as the leaves beneath, the peduncles, bracts beneath, and calyx and corolla outside.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, sessile or shortly petiolate; petiole — if present — up to 7 mm. long; lamina narrowly ovate to narrowly oblong, (2–)4–6·5 times as long as wide, 4–17 x 0·8–4·5 cm., sometimes a little smaller, long–acuminate, with the apex acute, deeply cordate to auriculate at the base, crenate, bullate, finely and distinctly rugose and glabrescent above; venation conspicuous, reticulate.
    Stipules
    Stipules foliate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence paniculate, very variable in size, 2–15 x 1–10 cm. (30 x 25 cm.); ultimate branches 3–flowered, more or less sessile and clustered.
    Flowers
    Flowers sessile, sweet–scented.
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate, 2–3 mm. long; tube 1–3 times as long as the lobes; lobes subequal, broadly to rather narrowly triangular, 0·8–1·5 times as long as wide, 0·5–1·5 x 0·5–1 mm., acute, entire.
    Corolla
    Corolla white or lilac to purple, with a deep orange throat, with erect lobes (2–)2·5–3·5 times as long as the calyx, 6–9 mm. long, outside tomentose, inside hirsute on the base of the lobes and within the tube, except for the glabrous base; tube nearly cylindrical, (1·4)2–2·7 times as long as the calyx, 2·5–3·2 times as long as the lobes, 4·2–6·8 mm. long, slightly widened towards the throat and there about 2 mm. wide; lobes suborbicular to oblong, 1·8–2·5 x 1·2–1·8 mm., rounded, entire, spreading.
    Stamens
    Stamens included; filaments very short, inserted 3–4 mm. above the corolla base; anthers oblong, 0·8–1·5 x 0·3–0·5 mm., glabrous; cells parallel.
    Pistil
    Pistil 2·8–5 mm. long; ovary subglobose, laterally compressed, 1–1·2 x 1 x 0 8–1 mm., hirto–pubescent with stellate hairs, bilocular; style with stigma 2–3 mm. long, glabrescent; stigma large, clavate, often larger than the style.
    Placenta
    In each locule one axile circular peltate placenta with about 20 ovules outside.
    Fruits
    Capsule 3–4·5 x 2·4 x 1·4–2 mm., ellipsoid, exserted by about half from the calyx, apiculate, hairy as the ovary but less densely.
    Seeds
    Seed medium brown, obliquely tetrahedral, 0·8–1·5 x 0·4–0·6 x 0·3 mm. narrowly winged at the edges; both wings and testa minutely reticulate.
    [FTEA]

    Loganiaceae, E. A. Bruce & J. Lewis. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1960

    Habit
    Shrub or tree, up to 5 m. tall, with reddish-brown bark; young parts tomentellous, glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves shortly petiolate; petiole about 3 mm. long; lamina lanceolate or narrowly lanceolate, up to 10 cm. long, 2.5 cm. wide, shortly attenuate to an acute apex, rounded or cordate at the base, crenulate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a compound raceme of dense clusters of cymules; lateral racemes up to 6 cm. long and 2.5 cm. in diameter; pedicels obscure.
    Corolla
    Corolla lilac to mauve or violet, with darker or orange centres; corolla-lobes very broadly oblong, with rounded apex.
    Anthers
    Anthers subsessile, inserted below the throat.
    Ovary
    Ovary almost spherical, densely hirsute above.
    Figures
    Fig. 6/6, p. 37.
    Habitat
    Upland rain-forest margins, riverine forest in areas of upland grassland, persisting in secondary bushland; 1450–2400 (2700) m.
    Distribution
    T7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    New Zealand North, New Zealand South

    Buddleja salviifolia (L.) Lam. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Patel, H. [7267], Mozambique K000545226
    Timberlake, J. [5254], Mozambique K000613983
    Timberlake, J. [5133], Mozambique K000613513

    First published in Encycl. 1: 513 (1785)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Bruce, E.A. & Lewis, J. (1960). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Loganiaceae: 1-47.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Bruce, E.A. & Lewis, J. (1960). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Loganiaceae: 1-47.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 270 (1949).
    • Battiscombe & Dale, Trees and Shrubs of Kenya Colony p. 125 (1936).
    • Marquand in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1930: 198 (1930).
    • Baker in Flora of Tropical Africa 4 (1): 516 (1903).
    • Lam., Encycl. 1: 513 (1785).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/