1. Family: Loranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Vanwykia Wiens
      1. Vanwykia remota (Baker & Sprague) Wiens

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Tanzania, S. Tropical Africa to Limpopo.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Type
    Type:Mozambique, Chupanga, Kirk 40 (K, holotype).
    Stem
    Stems to 1–1.5 m long, becoming pendent; twigs tomentose with whitish hairs 1–2 mm long
    Fruits
    Berry red, 12–13 × 6–7 mm, cylindrical when mature, tomentose. Berry red, 12–13 × 6–7 mm, cylindrical when mature, tomentose.
    Ecology
    Coastal bushland to mid-altitude woodland, wooded grassland and riverine associations; (200)450–1000 m; generally on Ficus, sometimes on Combretum or other mostly leguminous hosts; flowering in the dry season, May–September.
    Note
    Generally pentamerous, but Dr Feehan reports rare tetramerous populations in central Malawi, specifically on Kachokolo Hill, near Vindevu (Feehan 4).
    Distribution
    Also in eastern Tanzania and South Africa (Limpopo Province). Zimbabwe ZAM E, ZIM E, ZIM S, MAL N, MAL C, MAL S, MOZ N, MOZ MS, MOZ GI Zambia Mozambique Malawi
    Habit
    Stems to 1–1.5 m long, becoming pendent; twigs tomentose with whitish hairs 1–2 mm long.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite to subopposite, occasionally alternate or clustered on short shoots; petiole 5–10 mm long; lamina coriaceous, 3–9 × 1.5–4 cm, elliptic-obovate to elliptic-ovate or subcircular, rounded at apex, cuneate and attenuate at base, tomentellous at first, soon glabrescent. Leaves opposite to subopposite, occasionally alternate or clustered on short shoots; petiole 5–10 mm long; lamina coriaceous, 3–9 × 1.5–4 cm, elliptic.obovate to elliptic.ovate or subcircular, rounded at apex, cuneate and attenuate at base, tomentellous at first, soon glabrescent
    Inflorescences
    Umbels in axils and around old nodes, 2–5-flowered, tomentose; peduncle 0–3 mm long; pedicels 1–3 mm long; bract 3–4 mm long. Umbels in axils and around old nodes, 2–5-flowered, tomentose; peduncle 0–3 mm long; pedicels 1–3 mm long; bract 3–4 mm long
    Receptacle
    Receptacle 3–4 mm long, tomentose. Receptacle 3–4 mm long, tomentose; calyx scarcely differentiated
    Calyx
    Calyx scarcely differentiated.
    Corolla
    Corolla (4)5-merous, 4–5 cm long, yellow-green and whitish tomentose outside, green turning reddish and sometimes pubescent inside; lobes 8–10 mm long, spathulate. Corolla (4)5-merous, 4–5 cm long, yellow-green and whitish tomentose outside, green turning reddish and sometimes pubescent inside; lobes 8–10 mm long, spathulate
    Anthers
    Anthers scarlet, 2.5–4 mm long. Anthers scarlet, 2.5–4 mm long
    [FTEA]

    Loranthaceae, Polhill & D. Wiens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1999

    Habit
    Stems to 1–1.5 m. long, becoming pendent; twigs tomentose with whitish hairs 1–2 mm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite to subopposite, occasionally alternate or clustered on short shoots; petiole 5–10 mm. long; lamina coriaceous, elliptic-obovate to elliptic-ovate or subcircular, 3–9 cm. long, 1.5–4 cm. wide, rounded at the apex, cuneate and attenuate at the base, tomentellous at first, soon glabrescent.
    Inflorescences
    Umbels in axils and around old nodes, 2–5-flowered, tomentose; peduncle 0–3 mm. long; pedicels 1–3 mm. long; bract 3–4 mm. long.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle 3–4 mm. long, tomentose.
    Calyx
    Calyx scarcely differentiated.
    Corolla
    Corolla (4–)5-merous, 4–5 cm. long, yellow-green and whitish tomentose outside with hairs 2–4 mm. long, green turning reddish and sometimes pubescent inside; lobes spathulate, 8–10 mm. long.
    Anthers
    Anthers 2.5–4 mm. long, scarlet.
    Fruits
    Berry red, cylindrical when mature, 12–13 mm. long, 6–7 mm. in diameter, tomentose.
    Figures
    Fig. 14.
    Habitat
    Deciduous woodland and elsewhere in riverine forest, often on Ficus, but also on other hosts; 200–1400 m.
    Distribution
    T3 T5 T6 T8 north-easternmost South Africa

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Vanwykia remota (Baker & Sprague) Wiens appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1977 Kirk [40], Mozambique K000406982 holotype
    La Croix, I.F. [1042], Malawi 52533.000

    First published in Bothalia 12: 422 (1978)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (1998). Mistletoes of Africa: 1-370. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • F.T.E.A., Loranthaceae: 84, fig. 14 (1999). TAB. 37.
    • Polhill & Wiens, Mistletoes Afr.: 221, photo. 95, fig. 23 (1998)
    • J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 90: 140 (1985).
    • Fl. Sthn. Africa 10, 1: 29, fig. 11 (1979).
    • Bothalia 12: 422 (1978).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polh. & Wiens, Mistletoes Afr.: 221, photo. 95, fig. 23 (1998).
    • Germish. et al. in Fl. Pl. Afr. 53, t. 2081 (1994).
    • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 64 (1980).
    • Wiens & Tölken in Flora of Southern Africa 10: 29, fig. 11/3 (1979).
    • Wiens in Bothalia 12: 422 (1978).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0