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This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Central & S. Europe to Central Asia and Afghanistan, N. Africa.
Lythrum tribracteatum

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, up to 35 cm tall; stems ± erect to prostrate to ascending, branched, 4-angled or sometimes winged above; the whole plant glabrous to scabrid
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, sessile, oblanceolate to oblong-lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 5–15 × 1–2 mm, base rounded, somewhat clasping, apex obtuse, entire, ± glabrous to scabrid on margins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 1 or 2, axillary; bracteoles linear, ± 1 mm; pedicel ± 1 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx tube cylindrical, 4–4.5 mm, 12-nerved; teeth triangular, < 1 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals purple to pale purple, oblanceolate, ± 3 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens just exserted; style and stigma included
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ± 4 mm, oblong, glabrous, included in the calyx.
Ecology
Damp places, ditches; alt.?200 m A single collection from the Iraq-Iran border area collected from a dry borrow pit beside road in irrigated countryside.
Phenology
May.
Distribution
Mediterranean region, N Africa, Palestine and Upper Jordan Valley, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan to southern Russia; introduced and becoming weedy in North America.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Krym, Libya, Morocco, North Caucasus, Palestine, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Tadzhikistan, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan

Introduced into:

California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Utah

Lythrum tribracteatum Salzm. ex Spreng. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Salzmann, P. [s.n.], France K000729647

First published in Syst. Veg. ed. 16, 4(2): 190 (1827)

Accepted by

  • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1972). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 4: 1-657. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1977). Flora of Cyprus 1: 1-832. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Ovchinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1981). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 6: 1-725. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Polatschek, A. & Rechinger, K.H. (1968). Flora Iranica 51: 1-9. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Shishkin, B.K. (ed.) (1950). Flora Turkmenii 5: 1-271. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.
  • Vvedensky, A.I. (ed.) (1959). Flora Uzbekistana 4: 1-507. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.

Literature

Flora of Iraq

  • Boiss. Fl. Or. 2: 740 (1872);
  • Koehne in Engl., Pflanzenr. 1V. 64 (1903);
  • Polatschek in Rech.f., Fl. Iranica 51: 2 (1968);
  • Post, Fl. Syria, Palest. Sinai 1: 471 (1932);
  • Salzm. ex Spreng Syst. Veg. 4(2): Cur. Post. 190 (1827);
  • Zohary, Fl. Palaest. 2: 369 (1972).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • ( 2021-continuously updated). Natural Resources Conservation Services Plant Database http://plants.usda.gov/cgi_bin/topics.cgi?earl=checklist.html.
  • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1972). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 4: 1-657. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1977). Flora of Cyprus 1: 1-832. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Ovchinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1981). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 6: 1-725. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Polatschek, A. & Rechinger, K.H. (1968). Flora Iranica 51: 1-9. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Shishkin, B.K. (ed.) (1950). Flora Turkmenii 5: 1-271. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.
  • Vvedensky, A.I. (ed.) (1959). Flora Uzbekistana 4: 1-507. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.

Flora of Iraq
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/