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This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. India.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[KBu]

Carine, M., Jake M. Alexander, & Scotland, R. (2004). A Revision of the Strobilanthes kunthiana-Group (Phlebophyllum sensu Bremekamp) (Acanthaceae). Kew Bulletin, 59(1), 1-25. doi:10.2307/4111071

Distribution
India, Tamil Nadu.
Ecology
Forest undergrowth or on drier exposed slopes on hillsides to 900 m.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate to elliptic, 6.2 - 82.1 x 3.3 - 63.5 mm; base decurrent, symmetrical; apex distinctly acuminate; margins subentire to slightly dentate or serrate; abaxial surface with dense white sericeous indumentum, adaxial surface glabrous; veins 3 - 11 pairs, prominent on abaxial surface, less so on adaxial surface; petiole 3.9 - 52.4 mm long, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens included; anthers 1.6 - 2.4 mm long; filaments 6.5 - 7.4 mm long, long white hairs below for 0.5 - 0.7 the length or rarely glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx with one or two lobes distinctly shorter than the rest, fused from the base for 0.3 - 0.6 of the total length at anthesis; lobes lanceolate, 4.8 - 11.7 mm long, apex acute; outer surface glandular- hairy, inner surface with sparse simple white hairs, sometimes glandular hairy at the tip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tube 3.5 - 5.4 mm long; throat campanulate to subventricose, 11.5- 17.5 mm long; lobes divided equally, broadly triangular, 3.1 - 5.1 x 3.0 - 3.8 mm, apices broadly to narrowly obtuse; outer surface glabrous or rarely with minute hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 1.2 - 2.8 mm long, apex sparsely pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma 3.0 - 3.5 mm long, sparsely pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 9.6 - 14.2 mm long, sparsely pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit an elliptic to narrowly obovate capsule, 10.7 - 11.7 mm long, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence interrupted to uninterrupted spikes, 17 - 60 x 4 - 6 mm at anthesis, axis glandular pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracteoles 5.8 - 8.5 mm long; usually with axillary secondary buds Bracts narrowly ovate, 8.8 - 11.6 x 1.7 - 2.0 mm, equal to or longer than the calyx; apex acuminate, often recurved; abaxial surface and margins glandular-hairy, adaxial surface with glandular hairs at apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 2, 2.0 - 2.5 mm long.
Morphology Stem
Stem glabrous or with a sparse white sericeous indumentum below, glandular hairy on uppermost sections
Note
Strobilanthes cuspidata is endemic to the Nilgiri Hills and is distinguished from other species in this group by the combination of a densely glandular hairy inflorescence, a dense white sericeous underside to mature leaves and long, often recurved, bracts giving the inflorescence a somewhat wispy appearance.
Phenology
Flowering July to March; fruiting March.
Type
Nilgiris, Hohenacker 1169 (lectotype: K!).

Native to:

India

Strobilanthes cuspidata (Benth.) T.Anderson appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Hohenacker, R.F. [1169], India K000882938 lectotype
Wight, R. [1498], Tamil Nadu K000882933 lectotype
Wight, R. [2206], India K000882934
Wight, R. [s.n.], India K000882936
Hohenacker, R.F. [1169], India K000882937
Wight, R. [s.n.], Tamil Nadu K000882935

First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 9: 465 (1867)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0