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This species is accepted, and its native range is India, Sri Lanka.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Type
Type: “India”, Linn. Herb. 874.3 (LINN!, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or subshrubs up to 2 m tall, highly variable in morphology and pubescence.
Morphology Stem
Stems usually puberulent to pubescent, the young stems punctate
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, moderately to deeply palmately 3–7-lobed, 2–5 × 2–4.5 cm, pedately 7–9-veined, sometimes with small accessory lobes in the sinuses; lobes broadly ovate to narrowly lanceolate and ± constricted basally, entire, acute or acuminate (sometimes obtuse), the foliar nectary inconspicuous or absent; petiole punctate; stipules 5–15 mm long, linear to falcate, caducous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers borne on sympodial inflorescences (sometimes solitary); pedicel 10–60 mm long, the epicalyx nectaries commonly absent; bracts of the epicalyx broadly ovate, 15–35 mm long, almost as wide, ± connate basally forming a cup, entire or 3–7-laciniate, pubescent externally, glabrous internally; a trio of nectaries sometimes present within the epicalyx at the juncture of epicalyx and calyx alternate with the bracts; calyx 7–12 mm long, glabrous, prominently punctate, truncate to distinctly 5-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals usually yellow with a purplish basal spot, sometimes white or flushed purplish or with basal spot absent, 25–45 mm long, minutely punctate, ciliate on claw, pubescent externally where exposed in bud, glabrous internally.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal column glabrous, pallid, usually punctate, 1/2 the length of petals or less, the filaments 2–4 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style only slightly exceeding androecium
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid to elongate, usually 3-locular, usually beaked, glabrous, punctate, the glands sunken, flaring widely at maturity.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds bearing white or tan fibers.
Ecology
Secondary bushland; 3–?1000 m
Distribution
Flora districts: U1 T6 Range: Not certainly known from the wild; cultivated principally in southern Asia, sometimes elsewhere, occasionally escaped

[UNAL]
Vernacular
Algodón

[FWTA]

Malvaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
Perennial shrubs, or annual subshrubs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers red or purple, or yellow.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub up to 3 m tall; branches sometimes straggling, young parts pubescent with short hairs and sometimes some long simple hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3–5-lobed; lobes ovate, constricted at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Epicalyx
Epicalyx bracts ovate, entire or with 1–3 teeth on each side, with rounded sinuses
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule gradually tapering to the apex, densely pitted with conspicuous glands, opening widely and easily releasing the seeds
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds with long white hairs (lint) overlying shorter ones, difficult to separate seed from lint.
Distribution
Previously cultivated in S2 (“Wabi Shebelli”) and S3 (“Juba”) earlier widely cultivated in the Old World tropics, but now more rarely.

Native to:

India, Sri Lanka

Introduced into:

Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cuba, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Leeward Is., Mali, Nigeria, Puerto Rico, St.Helena, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Vietnam, Yemen

Gossypium arboreum L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Kirk [s.n.], Mozambique K000240849
[Unknown] [8887] K000240850 Unknown type material
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1881] K001114545
Clarke, T. [s.n.], Brazil K001220074
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1881] K001114544
Jun 1, 2008 Jones [131], Sabah Gossypium obtusifolium K000224932

First published in Sp. Pl.: 693 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Chayamarit, K. & Balslev, H. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Thailand 14(2): 185-358. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.
  • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • J. B. Hutch. in J. B. Hutch, et al. Evol. Gossyp. 32, t. 4 (q.v. for syn.; specimens from our area are referred to the race soudanense).
  • —F.T.A. 1: 211

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Brown, L.C. (1982). The Flora and Fauna of St Helena: 1-88. Land Resources Development Centre, Surbiton, England.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Chayamarit, K. & Balslev, H. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Thailand 14(2): 185-358. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
  • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • F.T.A. 1: 211 (1868)
  • Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 2 (2): 222 (1995)
  • Fryxell, Nat. Hist. Cotton tribe: 62 (1979)
  • Keay, F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 1(2): 349 (1958)
  • Sp. Pl. 693 (1753)
  • Thulin, Fl. Somalia 2: 59 (1999).
  • U.O.P.Z.: 278 (1949)

Universidad Nacional de Colombia

  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt. (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), B

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Universidad Nacional de Colombia
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0