1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Hibiscus L.
      1. Hibiscus aethiopicus L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to E. Central & E. Tropical Africa, S. Africa, Yemen.

    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: South Africa, Cape of Good Hope, “Habitat ad Cap. b. spei.”, not designated
    Habit
    Suffrutex from a woody rootstock 6–60 cm tall.
    Stem
    Stems appressed stellate-hispid, becoming glabrous with age
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate to elliptic, rarely lanceolate, 2.2–5.5 × 1–3 cm, apex acute, obtuse or truncate, base cuneate or rounded, margin entire or coarsely dentate, stellate-hispid above and below, the hairs mostly 4-armed; petiole 4–7 mm long, stellate-pubescent and/or -hispid; stipules linear, 4–10 × 2–3 mm, sparsely hispid
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in leaf axils; pedicel 4.5–7 cm long, articulated in the top quarter, stellate-hispid, densely so above articulation; epicalyx of 10 linear bracts 10–15 × 1.5–2 mm wide, stellate-hispid; calyx lobes ovate-acuminate to lanceolate, 13–17 × 3–5 mm, fused in the bottom third, with a prominent median vein and a weaker one along each edge, stellate-hispid along the veins, pubescent on the inside
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow, rarely pink, 1.7–3.5 cm long, sparsely hairy or glabrous.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 0.6–1 cm long; filaments 2–2.5 mm long; exserted part of styles 0.3–0.7 cm long, glabrous
    Fruits
    Capsule round, 0.9–1 cm long, 0.9 cm diameter, setose in the upper half, shorter than calyx.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark brown, reniform, 3–3.5 × 2–2.5 mm, tomentose
    Figures
    Fig 11: 6, 7, p 72
    Ecology
    Grassland and bushland; 900–2200 m
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 U4 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K 7 ; T1 T2 T4 T6 T7 Range: From Eritrea and Ethiopia to South Africa, Yemen

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Burundi, Cape Provinces, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zaïre

    Hibiscus aethiopicus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Mant. Pl. 2: 258 (1771)

    Accepted by

    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 2(2): 202 (1995).
    • U.K.W.F. ed 2: 99 (1994)
    • F.Z. 1(2): 468 (1961)
    • E.P.A.: 555 (1959)
    • Engl., Pflanzenw. Afr. 3, 2: 396 (1921)
    • Ann. Conserv. Jard. Bot. Geneve, 4: 98 1900)
    • Fl. Cap. 1: 174 (1860)
    • Mant. Pl. Alt.: 258 (1771)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0