1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Hibiscus L.
      1. Hibiscus aponeurus Sprague & Hutch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Djibouti to N. Mozambique.

    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Lectotype: Tanzania, Bukoba District: Karagwe, Grant 215 (K!, lecto., chosen by Exell in F.Z.)
    Habit
    Erect herb 0.5–3 m tall.
    Stem
    Stems densely and shortly stellate-hispid, with a longitudinal line of pubescence
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate to orbicular in outline, 3–4.5 × 3.5–5.7 cm, unlobed or shallowly 3-lobed, apex obtuse or rounded, base rounded or truncate, rarely cuneate, margin dentate or serrate, densely stellate-hispid above and below, the setae 6–10-armed, simple-pubescent above (rarely glabrous), veins inconspicuous above, prominently raised beneath; petiole 2–25 mm long, densely rufous-stellatehispid; stipules linear to linear-lanceolate, 3–6 × 0.3–0.4 mm, sparsely hispid
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in the upper leaf axils, or in terminal racemes; pedicel 1.6–6 cm long, articulated in the upper half, rusty brown above articulation, densely stellate-hispid; epicalyx of 8–12 linear bracts 4–7 × 0.5–1 mm, hispid, each with a prominent median vein; calyx lobes triangular to lanceolate to ovate-acuminate, 7–8 × 1.2–2 mm, fused in the lower third, 3-veined, densely stellate-hispid
    Corolla
    Corolla bright red, 10–15 mm long, stellate-hispid on the outside, glabrous on the inside.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 6–10 mm long; filaments 1–2 mm long; exserted part of styles 3–6 mm long, glabrous
    Fruits
    Capsule obovoid, 8–10 mm long, 9 mm diameter, sparsely pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds reniform, black, 2–3 × 1.5–2 mm, the hairs white, to 6 mm long.
    Ecology
    Bushland, thicket, forest edges; 900–2700 m
    Note
    H. sp A. of U.K.W.F. is included here until sufficient material is seen to make a decision.
    Distribution
    Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Mozambique Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 U4 K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T7
    [FZ]

    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Shrublet or perennial herb up to 1 m. tall; stems somewhat scabrous, stellate-setulose, hairs mainly appressed but often somewhat patent.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 2–4 × 2–3 cm., ovate to elliptic with a tendency to become 3-lobed, densely stellate-pubescent or stellate-pilose, apex rounded or obtuse, margin serrate, base rounded to obtuse 5-nerved; petiole 1–2 cm. long; stipules 5–9 mm. long, acicular.
    Flowers
    Flowers 1·5–2 cm. in diam., red or pink, solitary, axillary; peduncle up to 3 cm. long (often much shorter).
    Epicalyx
    Epicalyx of 8–13 bracts; bracts 3·5–8 mm. long, linear-subulate.
    Calyx
    Calyx up to 9 mm. long, hispid; lobes 5–8 × 1·5–3 mm., triangular to narrowly triangular-lanceolate.
    Corolla
    Petals 13–15 mm. long, narrowly obovate, stellate-setose outside, glabrous inside.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 7–10 mm. long; free parts of filaments 0·5–1 mm. long.
    Style
    Style-branches 4–5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 8–12 × 8–12 mm., ellipsoid to subglobose, pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds with white silky floss.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zaïre

    Hibiscus aponeurus Sprague & Hutch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Tanner, R. [547], Tanzania 15360.000
    Speke, J.H. [215], Kenya K000240692 Unknown type material

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1908: 54 (1908)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 2(2): 209 (1995).
    • U.K.W.F. ed. 2, 98 (1994)
    • F.C.B. 10: 123 (1963)
    • F.Z. 1(2): 455 (1961)
    • E.P.A.: 556 (1959)
    • F.P.S. 2: 31 (1952)
    • K.B. 1908: 54 (1908)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0