1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Hibiscus L.
      1. Hibiscus articulatus Hochst. ex A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Ethiopia and Botswana.

    [FZ]

    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Shrublet or perennial herb, often prostrate, producing annual shoots from a woody rootstock; stems sparsely pilose, pilose or hirsute.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina up to 10 × 6 cm., broadly elliptic in outline, varying from not lobed to 3–5-partite, almost glabrous or with simple or stellate hairs on the nerves, obtuse to cuneate at the base; lobes linear to broadly elliptic, central one often much longer than the lateral ones, margins varying from almost entire to coarsely toothed; petiole 3–15 mm. long; stipules up to 8 mm. long, linear.
    Flowers
    Flowers up to 5 cm. in diam., white or pale yellow, solitary, axillary; peduncle up to 6 cm. long, densely minutely pubescent, articulated near the apex.
    Epicalyx
    Epicalyx of 7–9 bracts; bracts 3·5–6 mm. long, linear, usually free almost to the base but occasionally some of them united in an irregular fashion sometimes almost to the apex.
    Calyx
    Calyx up to c. 18 mm. long, minutely pubescent and sparsely pilose; lobes up to 15 × 3·5 mm., narrowly lanceolate to elliptic, acute, often somewhat acuminate, joined for 3–4 mm. at the base.
    Corolla
    Petals up to 3 × 2 cm., obovate to narrowly obovate, glabrous or nearly so.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 10–12 mm. long; free parts of filaments 2–3 mm. long.
    Style
    Style sometimes projecting 2–3 mm. beyond the staminal tube before branching; branches 2–2·5 mm. long, pubescent.
    Fruits
    Capsule 18 × 12 mm., ellipsoid, minutely pubescent; margins of valves pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2·5 × 2 mm., angular-subreniform, glabrous or minutely pubescent.
    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: Ethiopia, Gafta, Schimper II: 1201 (P, holo., BM, FT, K! iso.)
    Habit
    Perennial procumbent herb.
    Stem
    Stems densely to sparsely hispid, becoming glabrous with age
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate, 4–8 × 1–9 cm, simple, 3-lobed or deeply 3-fid, the divisions linear or linear-lanceolate, apex obtuse, truncate or rounded, base rounded or cuneate, margins serrate, hispid above and below, occasionally sparsely so, the hairs various; petiole 0.5–2 cm long, glabrous or stellate-hispid; stipules linear, 2–7 × 1 mm, glabrous, hispid along the margins
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in the leaf axils; pedicel 1.7–5.8 cm long, articulated in the upper half, pubescent, hispid or not; epicalyx of 7–10 linear bracts 3–5 × 1–1.5 mm, glabrous, pubescent or hispid; calyx lobes lanceolate, 10–20 × 3–3.5 mm, fused in the bottom 1/3, sparsely to densely pubescent, hispid or not, each with a prominent median vein and a weaker one on either side
    Corolla
    Corolla white, cream or yellow, 2.5–3.5 cm long, sparsely stellate-pubescent.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 0.8–1.2 cm long; filaments 2–3 mm long; exserted part of styles 2–8 mm long, glabrous or sparsely pilose
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid, beaked, 1–1.3 cm long, 0.7–1 cm diameter, sparsely to densely stellate-pubescent, setose along the sutures, brown.
    Seeds
    Seeds triangular, dark brown or black, 1.5–2 × 2 mm, very shortly tomentose
    Figures
    Fig 11: 1–5, p 72
    Ecology
    Seasonally water-logged grassland and flood-plains; 0–1300 m
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 K3 K4 K7 T1 T2 T4 T6 T8 Z Range: Ethiopia, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia (Caprivi Strip), South Africa

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Hibiscus articulatus Hochst. ex A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    unknown [1620], Ethiopia K000240733
    unknown [1620], Ethiopia K000240734
    Bidgood, S. [6227], Tanzania K000468198
    Ethiopia K000240732
    Chevalier, A.J.B. [24428], Burkina Faso K000511263

    First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 60 (1847)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 2(2): 204 (1995).
    • U.K.W.F. ed 2.: 99 (1994)
    • F.Z. 1(2): 463 (1961)
    • F.P.S. 2: 26 (1952)
    • Ann. Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève, 4: 159 (1900)
    • Trans. Linn. Soc. 29: 36, t.13 (1872)
    • F.T.A. 1: 200 (1868)
    • Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 60 (1847)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0