1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Hibiscus L.
      1. Hibiscus caesius Garcke

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Tanzania to S. Africa, India.

    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: Mozambique, Tete, Peters s.n. (?B†, holo.)
    Habit
    Perennial scrambling herb to 2 m tall.
    Stem
    Stems occasionally red-tinged or blotched, glabrous, sparsely hispid
    Leaves
    Leaves 3–5-foliolate, 3–8 × 4–7 cm, leaflet apices acute to acuminate, base rounded or cuneate, margins serrate, glabrous above, hispid below, the hairs 3-armed; petiole 3–8 cm long, hispid; stipules subulate, 6–13 × 0.3 mm, sparsely hispid
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in leaf axils; pedicel 6–14 mm long, articulated in the upper half, hispid; epicalyx of 8–10 subulate bracts 2–2.5 × 0.1 cm, hispid; calyx lobes lanceolate, 2 × 0.5 cm, each with 3 prominent veins, fused in the bottom third, glabrous outside, hispid on the veins, pubescent in the upper half inside
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow with a maroon spot at base, 3–5.5 cm long, sparsely pubescent and/or stellate-hispid.
    Stamens
    Staminal column 1–1.8 cm long; filaments 1–3 mm long; exserted part of styles 2 mm long, sparsely pilose
    Fruits
    Capsule straw-coloured, round, 10–13 mm long, 8–10 mm diameter, beaked, setose.
    Seeds
    Seeds black, triangular, 2 × 2 mm, sparsely pubescent.
    Ecology
    Combretum bushland on limestone; ± 1200 m
    Distribution
    Flora districts: T7 Range: Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, South Africa, Australia
    [FZ]

    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Shrub up to 2 m. tall, sometimes subscandent; stems glabrous or sparsely setose.
    Leaves
    Leaf digitately 3–5-foliolate or palmatisect; leaflets 2–10 × 1–3 cm., with sparse 2–3-pronged hairs mainly on the lower surface, apex acute, margin serrate, base cuneate; petiole up to 8 cm. long, pilose or setose-pilose; stipules 10–12 mm. long, linear to filiform.
    Flowers
    Flowers up to 10 cm. in diam., yellow or cream with purple or reddish-brown centre, solitary, axillary; peduncle up to 12 cm. long, sparsely setose, articulated near the apex.
    Epicalyx
    Epicalyx of 7–9 bracts; bracts 1·5–3·5 cm. long, stiff, pungent, slightly joined at the base.
    Calyx
    Calyx up to 3 cm. long; lobes up to 3 × 1 cm., ovate-lanceolate, acute to acuminate, 3–5-nerved, free almost to the base, sparsely pubescent on the margins.
    Corolla
    Petals up to 5 × 4 cm., obovate, very sparsely setose or glabrous.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 15 mm. long; free parts of filaments 1·5–2 mm. long.
    Style
    Style projecting 1·5 mm. above the apex of the staminal tube before branching; branches 2 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule c. 15 × 13 mm., ovoid, sparsely setose.
    Seeds
    Seeds 5 × 3·5 mm., lune-shaped, very minutely scaly, with a few scattered hairs, ± glabrescent.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Caprivi Strip, India, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Hibiscus caesius Garcke appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 16, 2008 Crawford, F. [92], Namibia K000450790
    Sep 16, 2008 Crawford, F. [92], Namibia K000450335
    Gibson [s.n.], India Hibiscus gibsonii K000659781 Unknown type material

    First published in Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 7: 850 (1849)

    Accepted by

    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Flora Zambesiaca 3(1): 1-153. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Flora Zambesiaca 3(1): 1-153. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bol. Soc. Brot. Ser. 2, 20: 40, tab. 89, fig. 9 (1946).
    • R.E. Fr., Wiss. Ergebn. Schwed. Rhod. Kongo Exped. 1: 145 (1914)
    • Reise Mossamb. Bot. 1: 125 (1861)
    • Bot. Zeit. 7: 850 (1849)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/