1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Hibiscus L.
      1. Hibiscus dongolensis Caill. ex Delile

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Niger to Eritrea and S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Shrub up to 2 m. tall or somewhat woody perennial herb; stems nearly glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina up to 10 × 7 cm., ovate to narrowly ovate or ovate-lanceolate, glabrous or nearly so (with occasional hairs on the veins of the lower surface), rarely obscurely 3–5-lobed, apex acute or somewhat rounded, margin coarsely serrate, serrate, or crenate, base obtuse, truncate or slightly cordate; petiole up to 6 cm. long, usually nearly glabrous except for a longitudinal line of pubescence on the adaxial surface; stipules 5–6 mm. long, filiform to narrowly linear, usually glabrous.
    Flowers
    Flowers up to c. 8 cm. in diam., yellow with dark centre, solitary, axillary; peduncle up to 10 mm. long, glabrous or puberulous, not conspicuously articulated.
    Epicalyx
    Epicalyx of (usually) 5 bracts; bracts up to 20 × 2 mm., lorate, glabrous or nearly so, approximately equalling the calyx-lobes, joined for 1–2 mm. at the base.
    Calyx
    Calyx up to 20 mm. long, nearly glabrous; lobes ± lorate or caudate with 1 prominent central nerve, nearly glabrous, joined for up to c. 7 mm. at the base.
    Corolla
    Petals up to 7·7 × 4·5 cm., obovate, pubescent outside where not overlapping, densely tomentellous in bud.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 20–25 mm. long; free parts of filaments 2·5–3 mm. long.
    Style
    Style-branches 3–4 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 15–20 mm. in diam., subglobose, stellate-setulose, valves gradually attenuated into awns up to 6 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2·5 × 3 mm., subreniform, minutely stellate-puberulous.
    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Ecology
    Woodland and streamsides in grassland and bushland; 550–1700 m
    Type
    Type: Ethiopia, Sidamo region, Lake Awasa, Ellenbeck 1723 (B†, holo.)
    Habit
    Shrub up to 2 m tall.
    Stem
    Stems very sparsely stellate-pubescent or glabrous
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 2.5–10 × 1.5–7 cm, rarely 3-lobed, apex acute, base rounded or truncate, margin coarsely serrate or crenate, glabrous or very sparsely stellatepubescent; petiole 3–7 cm long, with an adaxial line of pubescence; stipules linear or filiform, 5–10 × 0.1–0.3 mm, glabrous
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in the leaf axils, occasionally also in a terminal raceme; pedicel 5–10 mm long, finely pubescent, articulated at base; epicalyx of 5 strap-shaped bracts, 10–20 × 1–2 mm, glabrous; calyx lobes narrowly triangular, 18–20 mm long, fused in the lower quarter, glabrous, each with a rib-like median vein and a weaker one on either side, glabrous
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow with maroon spot at base, 4–6 cm long, stellate-pubescent in the lower half, sparsely so above.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 20–25 mm long; filaments 2 mm long; exserted part of style 4–6 mm long, pubescent
    Fruits
    Capsule subglobose, 0.9–1.5 cm long and 1.5–2 cm diameter, stellatesetose, valves awned or not.
    Seeds
    Seeds angular-reniform, 2.5–3 × 2.5–3 mm, stellatesetulose, rarely glabrous.
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U1 U3 K1 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T3 widespread in tropical and South Africa;

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Northern Provinces, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Dongola hibiscus

    Hibiscus dongolensis Caill. ex Delile appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Ciferri, R [s.n.] Hibiscus fallacinus K000240735

    First published in F.Cailliaud, Voy. Méroé 4(prepr.): 59 (1826)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Somalia 2: 42, fig. 24 (1999).
    • Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 2 (2): 192 (1995)
    • F.Z. 1(2): 458 (1961)
    • E.P.A.: 558 (1959)
    • F.P.S. 2: 26 (1952)
    • Reise Mossamb. Bot. 1: 1261 (1861)
    • Voy. Meroe Bot.: 59 (1826)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/