1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Hibiscus L.
      1. Hibiscus fuscus Garcke

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Djibouti to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: South Africa, Natal, collector unknown (B†, holo.); South Africa, Natal, Msinsin, Umzinto, Strey 4456 (K!, neo., chosen here)
    Habit
    Herb 1–4 m tall.
    Stem
    Stems densely brown-stellate-setose, bark becoming longitudinally ridged with age
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate, 3–9 × 1.4–7.4 cm, unlobed or shallowly 3-lobed, apex rounded or acute, base cuneate or truncate, margins crenate or serrate, simple pubescent above, densely stellate-pubescent below, with or without scattered stellate setae; petiole 0.4–6 cm long, densely brown-stellate-hispid and pubescent; stipules linear-lanceolate, 5–9 × 0.5 mm, hispid
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in the leaf axils; pedicel 2–6 cm long, articulated in the upper third, sparsely to densely brown-stellate-setose, more densely setose above articulation; epicalyx of 8–11 linear or filiform bracts 5–12 × 0.2–0.5 mm, pubescent and hispid; calyx lobes lanceolate, 10–13 × 3–4 mm, sepals fused in the lower third, densely brown-stellate-setose outside, pubescent inside
    Corolla
    Corolla white, mauve or pink, 12–25 mm long, sparsely stellate-hispid on the outside, glabrous inside.
    Stamens
    Staminal column 10–18 mm long with up to 12 sterile staminodes at its base; filaments 1–2 mm long; exserted part of styles 1–3 mm long, glabrous or pilose
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid, 9–12 mm long, 9–10 mm in diameter, sparsely tomentose.
    Seeds
    Seeds reniform, brown, 2–3 × 1.5–2 mm, the hairs 5–7 mm long.
    [FZ]

    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Shrub up to 3 m. tall or shrublet; stems densely fuscous-stellate-hispid and often with an underlying tomentum of shorter stellate hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 2–7 × 1–5 cm., narrowly ovate to suborbicular, sometimes slightly lobed, brownish- or tawny-tomentose, apex rounded to acute, margin rather bluntly to sharply serrate, base obtuse rounded or nearly truncate usually 5-nerved; petiole 2–33 mm. long; stipules up to 10 mm. long, filiform.
    Flowers
    Flowers 1·5–3 cm. in diam., white or yellowish with orange anthers, congested towards the tips of the branches, forming leafy somewhat corymbose panicles; peduncles up to 6 cm. long, hairy like the stems, articulated near the apex.
    Epicalyx
    Epicalyx of 10–12 bracts; bracts 5–11 mm. long, filiform to subulate.
    Calyx
    Calyx up to 22 mm.; lobes 6–20 × 3–-6 mm., narrowly lanceolate, acute, fuscous-hispid especially on the midrib and near the margins, shortly connate at the base.
    Corolla
    Petals up to 18 mm. long, narrowly obovate, stellate-setulose outside, glabrous inside.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 8–12 mm. long; free parts of filaments c. 0·5 mm. long.
    Style
    Style-branches 2–3·5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule c. 10 mm. in diam., subglobose, minutely pubescent or nearly glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds with a white or brownish silky floss.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Cape Provinces, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Hibiscus fuscus Garcke appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bidgood, S. [5702], Tanzania K000468722
    Mwachala, G. [EW 1248], Kenya K000197332
    Harris, T. [114], Mozambique K000545097

    First published in Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 7: 854 (1849)

    Accepted by

    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 2(2): 206 (1995).
    • U.K.W.F. ed. 2, 98 (1994)
    • Blundell, Wild Fl. E. Afr.: 76 fig.56 (1987)
    • F.C.B. 10: 127 (1963)
    • F.Z. 1(2): 449 (1961)
    • B.J.B.B. 59: 562 (1959)
    • Bot. Zeit. 7: 854 (1849)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0