1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Hibiscus L.
      1. Hibiscus lobatus (Murray) Kuntze

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa to Botswana, Madagascar, Indian Subcontinent to Hainan.

    [FZ]

    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent; lobes 5–7 × 1·5–2·5 mm., narrowly lanceolate, joined near the base.
    Corolla
    Petals 8–12 × 4–6 mm., obovate, thin-textured and transparent.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 5 mm. long; free parts of filaments 0·5 mm. long.
    Style
    Style-branches 1 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 10 × 7 mm., oblong-ellipsoid, pubescent, with awns 1·5–2 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1·5 × 1·3 mm., irregularly prismatic, minutely verruculose otherwise glabrous.
    Habit
    Annual herb from 0·5–1·3 m. tall; young stems pubescent, pilose or tomentellous.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 2–12 × 1·5–10 cm., suborbicular to ovate in outline, varying on the same individual from not lobed to deeply 3–5-palmatilobed or incised, usually pubescent on both surfaces with additional longer simple hairs on the veins and 2–4-pronged hairs mainly on the lower surface, lobes sometimes secondarily pinnately lobed or incised, apex acute to subcaudate, margin bluntly toothed or crenate or irregularly lobed, base slightly to distinctly cordate 3–5-nerved; petiole up to 8 cm. long, pubescent or pilose or tomentellous; stipules 4–8 × 0·5–1 mm., filiform to narrowly linear.
    Flowers
    Flowers 1–2 cm. in diam., white to yellowish, in few-flowered terminal racemes; peduncle 10–20 mm. long, pubescent or pilose or tomentellous, articulated near the apex.
    Epicalyx
    Epicalyx absent.
    [FWTA]

    Malvaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    Erect, slightly villous, rather laxly branched herb, to 5 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers cream.
    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: Murray, Comm. Soc. Reg. Sc. Goetting. 6, t. I (icono.)
    Habit
    Herb up to 1 m high.
    Stem
    Stems tomentose to pilose
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate in outline, 5–9.7 × 4–9 cm, unlobed to obscurely 3-lobed to distinctly 3-lobed, apex acute to acuminate, base truncate or cordate, margin undulate, crenate or serrate, sparsely tomentosehispid above, sparsely stellate-hispid below; petiole 4–9 mm long, pubescent; stipules linear-lanceolate, 4–12 mm long, hispid; pedicel 0.5–1.6 cm long, articulated in the top third, glandular-pubescent; calyx lobes triangular, 4–7 × 1.5 mm, fused in the lower 1/3, each with a prominent median vein and two lateral veins, sparsely pubescent
    Corolla
    Corolla 6–15 mm long, white, glabrous.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube ± 6 mm long; filaments 6 mm, long; exserted part of style 2 mm long, glabrous
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid-ellipsoid, 8–14 mm long, valves lanceolate, sparsely tomentose, setose along the sutures.
    Seeds
    Seeds black, wedge shaped, 1.5 × 1 mm, tuberculate.
    Ecology
    Woodland and thicket and forest, rock outcrops and riverine vegetation; 200–1250 m
    Note
    The basionym for this species is Solandra lobata Murr. In the absence of a recognized aunthetic specimen, the plate of Murray is the type of the species.
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 T1 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 Range: Ethiopia, Zambia, Mozambique, Zimbabwe

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Hainan, India, Laccadive Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nigeria, Senegal, Socotra, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Réunion, Trinidad-Tobago

    Hibiscus lobatus (Murray) Kuntze appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1950 Parker, G.W. [s.n.], Madagascar K000240633 Unknown type material
    s.coll. [s.n.], Tamil Nadu K000659783
    s.coll. [s.n.], Tamil Nadu K000659804
    s.coll. [s.n.], Indian Subcontinent K000659805
    Baron, R. [560], Madagascar K000240630
    Parker, G.W. [s.n.], Madagascar K000240631
    Parker, G.W. [s.n.], Madagascar K000240632
    Lyall [184], Madagascar K000240628 Unknown type material
    Lyall [187], Madagascar K000240629 Unknown type material
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1876] Laguna lobata K001114528
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1876] Laguna lobata K001114529
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1876], India Laguna lobata K001114530
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1876] Laguna lobata K001114531
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1876], India Laguna lobata K001114532

    First published in Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 19 (1898)

    Accepted by

    • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1987). Flore des Mascareignes 51-62: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Berhaut, J. (1979). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 6: 1-636. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Rev. Gen. Pl. 3, 2: 19 (1898).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1987). Flore des Mascareignes 51-62: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Berhaut, J. (1979). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 6: 1-636. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fosberg, F.R. (1957). The Maldive islands, Indian Ocean Atoll Research Bulletin 58: 1-37.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 2(2): 205 (1995).
    • F.Z. 1 (2): 445 (1961)
    • Keay, F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 1(2): 346 (1958)
    • Hochr., Fl. Madag., Malvac.: 42, t. 12 fig. 1–3 (1955)
    • F.P.S. 2: 31 (1952)
    • C.F.A. 1, 1: 176 (1937)
    • Rev. Gen. 3. 2: 19 (1898)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/