1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Hibiscus L.
      1. Hibiscus ludwigii Eckl. & Zeyh.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to Zimbabwe, E. Cape Prov. to KwaZulu-Natal.

    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: South Africa, Uitenhage, Cooper 1456 (K!, holo.)
    Habit
    Shrub or robust herb 1–3.2 m high.
    Stem
    Young stems stellate-hispid, older stems glabrescent
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-5-lobed or unlobed, 6–12 × 7–12.5 cm, acuminate, apex acute, base cordate, margin serrate, pubescent to pubescent-hispid above and below, with scattered stellate setae; petiole 1.5–12 cm long, pubescent-hispid, terete; stipules linear or filiform, 3–8 mm long, hispid
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in leaf axils and in terminal racemes; pedicel 5–12 mm long, articulated at base, densely pilose; epicalyx of 5 or 6 ovate to ovate-lanceolate bracts, 12–18 × 4–8 mm, densely to sparsely pubescent, many-veined, shorter than sepals in fruit; calyx lobes acuminate, 18–22 × 6–8 mm, densely to sparsely pilose, 3–7 veined
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow, with a maroon spot at base, 4–6.5 cm long, puberulous and sparsely stellate-hispid.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 3 cm long; filaments 4 mm long; exserted part of styles 5 mm long, sparsely to densely villous
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid or broadly ovoid, beaked, 2.3 cm long, 1.8 cm diameter, densely setose and pilose, straw-coloured.
    Seeds
    Seeds reniform, black, 2.5–3 × 2 mm, with parallel lines of minute stellate tubercules.
    Ecology
    Open areas in Juniperus forest, forest edges and grassland; 1300-2700 m
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 K1 K3 K5 K6 T2 T3 T6 T7 Range: Ethiopia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, South Africa
    [FZ]

    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Shrub or perennial herb up to 2–3 m. tall; stems sparsely to very densely setose.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina up to 8 × 8 cm., suborbicular in outline, obscurely or distinctly 3–5-lobed, setose-pilosulose on both surfaces, especially on the nerves, apex acute, margin crenate-serrate, base cordate or subcordate; petiole up to 7 cm. long ; stipules 4–5 mm. long, filiform.
    Flowers
    Flowers up to 7 cm. in diam., yellow with purple centre, solitary in the axils of the upper leaves and forming racemes at the apices of the stems; peduncle up to 15 mm. long, stellate-setose, articulated near the base.
    Epicalyx
    Epicalyx of 5 bracts, pubescent; bracts up to 25 × 9 mm., ovate-lanceolate to narrowly triangular, acute, joined for c. 4–5 mm. at the base.
    Calyx
    Calyx shorter than or equalling the epicalyx, pubescent; lobes ovate to ovate-lanceolate, acute, joined to nearly half-way.
    Corolla
    Petals up to 7 × 6 cm., obovate, pubescent.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 30 mm. long; free parts of filaments 2–3 mm. long.
    Style
    Style-branches 4 mm. long, pubescent.
    Fruits
    Capsule 20 × 12 mm., ellipsoid, densely stellate-setose.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3 × 2·5 mm., subreniform, glabrous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe

    Hibiscus ludwigii Eckl. & Zeyh. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 15, 2008 Tiyoy, L. [1331], Uganda K000197334
    Jan 1, 1960 Cooper, T., South Africa K000240789
    Cooper, T. [1212], South Africa K000240787
    Cooper, T. [1456], South Africa K000240788

    First published in Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral.: 39 (1835)

    Accepted by

    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 2 (2): 194 (1995).
    • Blundell, Wild Fl. E. Afr.: 77 (1992)
    • F.C.B. 10: 101 (1963)
    • F.Z. 1: 461 (1961)
    • F.P.S. 2: 27 (1952)
    • Ann. Conserv. Jard. Bot. Geneve 4: 161.(1900)
    • F.T.A. 1: 203 (1868)
    • Harv., F.C. 1: 171 (1860)
    • Enum. Pl. Afr. Austr. Extratrop. 1: 39 (1834)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0