1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Hibiscus L.
      1. Hibiscus mastersianus Hiern

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central Kenya to Namibia, India.

    [FZ]

    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Erect annual herb up to 2 m. tall with irritant hairs; stems with short, sometimes sparse, usually stellate prickles with a swollen base, and one or more longitudinal lines of crisped pubescence or pile.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 10(18) × 8(18) cm., usually suborbicular in outline, sometimes varying to narrowly oblong, stellate-pubescent on both surfaces, not lobed or shallowly 3–5-palmatilobed, lobes acute to rounded, sinuses shallow rounded, margin irregularly serrate, base rounded to truncate or slightly cordate 5–7-nerved, midrib with a longitudinal fissure 2–3 mm. long near the base; petiole 4–7 (18) cm. long, hairy like the young stems; stipules up to 8 mm. long, linear to filiform.
    Flowers
    Flowers up to 7 cm. in diam., yellow to orange with purple or maroon centre, solitary, axillary; peduncle 4·8 mm. long, hispid.
    Epicalyx
    Epicalyx of 9–10 bracts; bracts 8 × 0·8 mm., linear, forked.
    Calyx
    Calyx up to 2 cm. long, 10-nerved, pilose, becoming scarious; lobes lanceolate, acuminate, setose or aculeolate on the margins.
    Corolla
    Petals 3–5 × 2–3 cm., almost glabrous.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 15 mm. long; free parts of filaments 0·5–1 mm. long.
    Style
    Style-branches 1 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule up to 15 × 10 mm., ovoid-acuminate, densely appressed-setose.
    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Lectotype: Mozambique, Lupata, Kirk s.n. (K!, lecto., chosen by MilneRedhead (1935))
    Habit
    Erect annual herb up to 2 m tall.
    Stem
    Stems with short, sometimes sparse, usually stellate prickles with a swollen base, and one or more longitudinal lines of crisped pubescence
    Leaves
    Leaves suborbicular to narrowly oblong, 8–18 × 6–18 cm, not lobed or shallowly 3–5-palmatilobed, lobes acute to rounded, apex acute or acuminate, base rounded to truncate or shallowly cordate, margin irregularly serrate, stellatepubescent on both surfaces; 5–7-veined, midrib with a longitudinal fissure 2–3 mm long near the base; petiole 4–7(–18) mm long, pubescent; stipules linear to filiform, 4–8 × 0.2 mm, hispid
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary, axillary; pedicel 4–8 mm long, hispid; epicalyx of 9–10 bracts, linear, 8–10 × 1 mm, forked, hispid; calyx lobes lanceolate, 10–20 × 2–3 mm, acuminate, hispid or aculeolate on the margins
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow to orange with purple or maroon spot at base, 3–5 cm long, sparsely puberulous.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 12–16 mm long; filaments 0.5–1 mm long; exserted part of styles 1–2 mm long
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid-acuminate, 13–15 mm long, 10 mm diameter, densely appressedsetose.
    Seeds
    Seeds 4 × 2 mm, densely covered in triangular scales.
    Ecology
    Grassland, woodland and thicket: 500–1300 m
    Distribution
    Flora districts: K4 T1 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda, Zambia, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Caprivi Strip, India, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Hibiscus mastersianus Hiern appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1989 Kirk, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000240669 Unknown type material
    Jan 10, 1935 Haines, H.H. [197P], Madhya Pradesh K000659778 Unknown type material
    Bidgood, S. [5924], Tanzania K000468501
    Haines, H.H. [197P], Madhya Pradesh K000659776 Unknown type material
    Haines, H.H. [197P], Madhya Pradesh K000659777 Unknown type material

    First published in Cat. Afr. Pl. 1: 71 (1896)

    Accepted by

    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Wilson, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Lond. (Bot.) 29(1): 71 (1999).
    • Edmonds, Distr. Hibiscus Sect. Furcaria Trop. E. Afr.: 19 (1991)
    • F.Z. 1: 439 (1961)
    • K.B. 1935: 272 (1935)
    • Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 1: 71 (1896)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/