1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Hibiscus L.
      1. Hibiscus mechowii Garcke

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Tanzania and Namibia.

    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: Angola, Cuanza Norte, Mechow 105 (BM!, illustration)
    Habit
    Annual or perennial herb up to 3 m tall, stems with small rather sparse prickles and sometimes with an additional longitudinal line of crisped pubescence changing its radial position at each node
    Leaves
    Leaves obovate to broadly obovate in outline, 7.5–15 × 6.5–13 cm, 3–5-palmatipartite, the lobes very narrowly elliptic, apex acute, cuneate to obtuse at base, margins serrate, sparsely pilose or hispid on both surfaces, midrib with longitudinal fissure-like gland 2–3 mm long near the base; petiole 3.5–12 cm long, hairy like the young stems; stipules linear, 7–12 × 1–1.5 mm
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in the leaf axils; pedicel 8–25 mm long, articulated just below the middle, densely setose or setose-aculeate above the articulation, less densely so and more pubescent beneath it; epicalyx of 7–8 linear bracts 12–20 × 1–1.5 mm, hispid and/or aculeolate, free
    Calyx
    Sepals triangular, 2–3.5 cm long, 4–6 mm wide, pilose-hispid and aculeolate especially on the margins and midrib, joined at base
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow with maroon base, 3–4 cm long, sparsely stellate-pubescent.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 20 mm long; filaments 0.5 mm long; exserted parts of style ± 1 mm long
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid, 16–17 mm long, 12–13 mm in diameter, appressed-setose.
    Seeds
    Seeds subreniform, 3.5–4 × 2–3 mm with concentric rings of minute scales made of the fused bases of long white hairs.
    Ecology
    Old pasture and fallow fields; 800–1100 m
    Distribution
    Flora districts: T1 T4 T5 Range: Central African Republic, Congo-Kinshasa, Angola, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia
    [FZ]

    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Annual (or perennial?) herb up to 1·3 m. tall; young stems with small rather sparse prickles and sometimes with an additional longitudinal line of crisped pubescence changing its radial position at each node.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina up to 15 × 15 cm., obovate to broadly obovate in outline, rather sparsely pilose or setose on both surfaces, cuneate to obtuse at the base, midrib with a longitudinal fissure 2–3 mm. long near the base, 3–5-palmatipartite; lobes up to 12 × 2 cm., very narrowly elliptic, margins serrate; petiole up to 12 cm. long, hairy like the young stems; stipules 10–18 mm. long, linear.
    Flowers
    Flowers 5–6 cm. in diam., yellow with reddish centre, solitary, axillary; peduncle 8–25 mm. long, articulated just below the middle, usually densely setose or setose-aculeate above the articulation, less densely so and more pubescent beneath it.
    Epicalyx
    Epicalyx of 7–8 bracts; bracts 12–20 × 1–1·5 mm., linear, free.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2–3·5 cm. long; lobes triangular, acute, pilose-setose and aculeolate especially on the margins and midrib, joined at the base.
    Corolla
    Petals c. 4 × 3 cm., almost glabrous.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 20 mm. long; free parts of filaments c. 0·5 mm. long.
    Style
    Style-branches c. 1 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule up to 35 × 25 mm., ovoid, appressed-setose.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 3·5×2 mm., subreniform, with concentric rings of minute scales, often glabrescent.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Burkina, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Guinea, Mali, Namibia, Senegal, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Venezuela

    Hibiscus mechowii Garcke appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Linnaea 43: 121 (1881)

    Accepted by

    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Berhaut, J. (1979). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 6: 1-636. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Flora Zambesiaca 3(1): 1-153. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Berhaut, J. (1979). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 6: 1-636. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Flora Zambesiaca 3(1): 1-153. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Lond. (Bot.) 29(1): 61 (1999).
    • Edmonds, Distr. Hibiscus Sect. Furcaria Trop. E. Afr.: 19 (1991)
    • F.C.B. 10: 113 (1963)
    • F.Z. 1(2): 443 (1961)
    • C.F.A. 1, 1: 169 (1937)
    • Linnaea 43: 121 (1881)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0