1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Hibiscus L.
      1. Hibiscus ovalifolius (Forssk.) Vahl

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Senegal, Eritrea to S. Africa, Yemen, India.

    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: Ethiopia, Tigray, Petit 320 (P, holo.; K! iso.)
    Habit
    Suffrutex 0.5–3 m tall.
    Stem
    Stems sparsely to densely stellate-pubescent
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate in outline or shallowly 3-lobed, 3–13 × 3–13 cm, apex rounded or obtuse, if lobed, the apices of the lobes also rounded or obtuse, base cuneate, truncate or shallowly cordate, margin serrate, sparsely pubescent-hispid above, densely so below; petiole 2.5–8 cm long, sparsely to densely pubescent; stipules linear or filiform, 8–16 × 1–2 mm, tapering to a fine tip, glabrous, pubescent or hispid
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in leaf axils; pedicel 1.2–2.5 cm long, articulated at base, sparsely to densely pubescent, hispid or not; epicalyx of 5 ovate to linear to linear-lanceolate bracts, widest above the base, 10–27 × 2–6 mm, sparsely to densely stellate-pubescent; calyx lobes triangular to ovate, 1.5–2.5 × 1–1.5 cm, stellate-pubescent, hispid or not, chartaceous or foliose, enlarging in fruit and completely enclosing the capsule
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow with maroon patch at base, 4.5–7 cm long, glabrous or sparsely pubescent.
    Stamens
    Staminal column 1.0–1.8 cm long; filaments 3–4 mm long; exserted part of style 4–6 mm long, glabrous
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid, 17 mm long, 12 mm diameter, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, enclosed in the calyx.
    Seeds
    Seeds pale brown, reniform, 3 × 2 mm, tomentose, with hyaline setae around the hilum
    Figures
    Fig 10: 1–5, p 62
    Ecology
    Forest, woodland, bushland, scrub, grassland; 500–2300 m
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U1 U3 K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T7 Range: Ethiopia

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Malawi, Myanmar, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Wild Stockrose

    Hibiscus ovalifolius (Forssk.) Vahl appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1985 K000240741

    First published in Symb. Bot. 1: 50 (1790)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1987). Flore des Mascareignes 51-62: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Berhaut, J. (1979). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 6: 1-636. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Somalia 2: 42, fig. 23 (1999).
    • Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 2(2): 192 (1995)
    • Symb. Bot. I. 50 (1790)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/