1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Hibiscus L.
      1. Hibiscus palmatus Forssk.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula, India.

    [FZ]

    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Perennial ± prostrate herb; stems rather sparsely to densely setose or setulose and often with a longitudinal line of pubescence changing its radial position at each node.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina up to 12 × 16 cm. in outline (usually much smaller), 3–5-palmatilobed or -sect, sparsely setulose mainly on the nerves, apex rounded, base cordate; lobes elliptic to narrowly lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, margins irregularly toothed or ± pinnatifid; petiole up to 6 cm. long, sparsely setulose; stipules 3 mm. long, filiform or subulate.
    Flowers
    Flowers 3·5–5 cm. in diam., pale yellow or yellow, with or without a dark centre.
    Epicalyx
    Epicalyx of 7–8 bracts; bracts 12–15 mm. long, ± filiform or narrowly linear.
    Calyx
    Calyx 10–15 mm. long; lobes sub-scarious, triangular or narrowly triangular, joined for 2–3 mm. at the base.
    Corolla
    Petals 3·5 × 2 cm., obliquely obovate, glabrous.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube c. 6 mm. long; free parts of filaments 3–5 mm. long; style-branches 3·5–4 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 8–9 mm. in diam., subglobose, sparsely pubescent; valves with awns 2–3 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3 × 2 mm., angular-subreniform, appressed-sericeous-pubescent.
    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: Yemen, Al Mukham, Forsskål 104 (C, holo.)
    Habit
    Perennial prostrate herb.
    Stem
    Stems hispid to setose
    Leaves
    Leaves broadly ovate and 5–11 × 8–15 cm in outline, 3–5-palmatilobed or -palmatipartite, apex (apices) acute, base hastate, margin entire, undulate, crenate, serrate or irregularly pinnatifid; petiole 3–3.5 cm long, sparsely hispid-pilose; stipules linear, 2–5 mm long, sparsely hispid
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary, axillary; pedicel 5–9 mm long, articulated at base, hispid; epicalyx of 8 linear or lorate bracts, 8–10 mm long, sparsely hispid; calyx lobes linearlanceolate, 10–12 mm long, fused in the lower quarter, long hispid on the veins, glabrous elsewhere
    Corolla
    Corolla 2–3 cm long, cream to pale yellow, glabrous.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 7 mm long; filaments to 1–2 mm long; exserted part of style 4–6.5 mm long, style branches glabrous
    Fruits
    Capsule ellipsoid, 8 mm long, 4 mm diameter, pubescenthispid, with an awn 2.5–3.5 mm long.
    Seeds
    Seeds subreniform, brown, 2.5–3 mm long, pubescent
    Figures
    Fig 8: 6–9, p 57
    Ecology
    Alluvial soils in savanna and woodland; 0–1400 m
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U1 U2 K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T5 T6 T7 Range: Widespread in tropical Africa, Arabia and India

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Saudi Arabia, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe

    Hibiscus palmatus Forssk. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bidgood, S. [6187], Tanzania K000468237

    First published in Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 126 (1775)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Somalia 2: 50, fig. 28f–i (1999).
    • Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 2(2): 205 (1995)
    • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 98 (1994)
    • Blundell, Wild Fl. E. Afr. 78 (1992)
    • F.Z. 1(2): 469 (1961)
    • F.T.A. 1: 198 (1868)
    • Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 126 (1755)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0