1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Hibiscus L.
      1. Hibiscus physaloides Guill. & Perr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: “Senegambia”, Leprieur 75 (P, holo.)
    Habit
    Herb to 2 m tall.
    Stem
    Stems pubescent and hispid
    Leaves
    Leaves deltoid, ovate, lanceolate or linear, 6–18 × 5–18 cm, simple to shallowly 3–5-lobed, the lobes triangular, apex acute or acuminate, base cordate, bearing calcareous, off-white concretions abaxially, margins serrate, crenate or dentate, stellate-pubescent-hispid above and below, the hairs above various, those below 3-armed; petiole 3–10 cm, pubescent-hispid; stipules filiform, 4–6 × 0.1 mm, pubescent and hispid
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in leaf axils, or in terminal cymose clusters; pedicel 4–7 cm long, articulated in the upper half, pubescent-hispid, the hairs simple and spreading; epicalyx of 7–10(–12) filiform bracts 7–11 × 0.3 mm, pubescent and hispid; calyx lobes ovate-lanceolate, 16 × 5–8 mm, tip cuneate to acuminate, fused in the lower half, stellate-pubescent and hispid outside, the hairs both stellate and simple, pubescent-hispid inside
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow with a maroon spot at base, 5–7 cm long, pubescent-hispid outside, glabrous inside.
    Stamens
    Staminal column 1–1.5 cm long; filaments 1 mm long; exserted part of styles 1 mm long, glabrous
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid, beaked, 0.5–1.6 cm long, 0.7–1.5 cm diameter, densely hispid, pilose along the sutures, straw-coloured.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark brown, triangularreniform, 3 × 2 mm, tuberculate.
    Ecology
    Woodland, abandoned cultivation; 0–1100 m
    Distribution
    Range: Widespread in tropical and South Africa, Indian Ocean islands Flora districts: U2 U3 U 4 ; K7 T2 T4 T6 T7 Z
    [FWTA]

    Malvaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A woody herb, to 6 ft. high
    Indumentum
    Spreading pungent hairs
    Flowers
    Flowers up to 4 in. diam., yellow, with a red base turning violet.
    [FZ]

    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Annual (or perennial?) herb up to 2 m. tall; stems setose-pilose with irritant hairs and densely pubescent to tomentellous.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina up to 20 × 15 cm., suborbicular in outline, shallowly to rather deeply digitately 3–7-lobed, stellate-pubescent to stellate-tomentose on both surfaces and with several irregular chalky concretions on the under surface near the base, apex acute, margin irregularly crenate to toothed, base cordate; lobes usually triangular, acute; petiole up to 17 cm. long, hairy like the stems; stipules 4 mm. long, filiform.
    Flowers
    Flowers c. 9 cm., in diam., yellow or yellowish-orange with purplish or reddish centres, solitary, axillary; peduncle up to c. 7 cm. long, hairy like the stems, articulated towards the apex.
    Epicalyx
    Epicalyx of 7–10 bracts; bracts 6–10 mm. long, filiform.
    Calyx
    Calyx 15–30 mm. long, pilose and pubescent; lobes up to 20 × 12 mm., ovate-elliptic, acute, joined at the base for 3–6 mm.
    Corolla
    Petals up to 5 × 3·5 cm., obovate, almost glabrous or with a few sparse dark hairs.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 15–18 mm. long; free parts of filaments 1–2 mm. long.
    Style
    Style-branches c. 1–5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 15 × 10 mm., ovoid, setose-pilose.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2–2·5 × 1·8–2 mm., angular-subreniform, sparsely scaly or verruculose, often glabrescent.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Extinct in:

    Seychelles

    Introduced into:

    Seychelles

    Hibiscus physaloides Guill. & Perr. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Fl. Seneg. Tent.: 52 (1831)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lejoly, J. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Flore de la Tshopo (RD Congo): Familles des Malvaceae, Orchidaceae, Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae Taxonomania 29: 1-41.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Chev. Bot. 67.
    • Hochr. in Ann. Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genèv. 4: 161 (as var. genuinus)
    • —F.T.A. 1: 199, partly
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lejoly, J. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Flore de la Tshopo (RD Congo): Familles des Malvaceae, Orchidaceae, Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae Taxonomania 29: 1-41.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 2(2): 204 (1995).
    • F.Z. 1 (2): 464 (1961)
    • Keay, F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 1(2): 346 (1958)
    • F.P.S. 2: 24 (1952)
    • C.F.A. 1, 1: 171 (1937)
    • F.T.A. 1: 199 (1868)
    • Fl. Cap. 1: 172 (1860)
    • Fl. Seneg. tent. 1: 52 (1831)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0