1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Hibiscus L.
      1. Hibiscus rhabdotospermus Garcke

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. Tropical Africa to Kenya, SW. Angola to Mozambique.

    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: Sudan, 1839, Kotschy 86 (K!, lecto.; BR, E, WA, iso.)
    Habit
    Erect herb 0.5–1.5 m tall.
    Stem
    Stems pubescent or tomentose, sparsely simple or stellate-hispid
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate, 7–15 × 4–12 cm, acuminate, base cordate to truncate, margins crenate or serrate, glabrous or sparsely pubescent above and below, with or without scattered stellate setae; petiole 7–10 cm long, pubescent; stipules filiform, 4–8 × 0.2–0.5 mm, pubescent
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in leaf axils or clustered at the ends of branches; pedicel 18–22 mm long, articulated in the top quarter, pubescent; epicalyx of 11 filiform-linear bracts, 7–9 × 0.3–0.5 mm, pubescent; calyx lobes ovateacuminate, 15 × 2–6 mm, united for 1/3 of their length, stellate-pubescent
    Corolla
    Corolla white, cream or pink, 3.5 cm long, stellate-pubescent outside on the lower half, glabrous inside.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 17 mm long; filaments 0.5 mm long; exserted part of styles 1.5 mm long
    Fruits
    Capsule elliptic or rotund, 7–10 mm long, 6–8 mm diameter, pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds black, subreniform, 3 × 2 mm, lepidote.
    Ecology
    In sandy or stony ground and among rocks on inselbergs; 300–700 m
    Distribution
    Flora districts: K2 K4 K7 Range: Sudan, Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia
    [FZ]

    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Herb 1–2 m. tall; stems crisped-pubescent or tomentose and with sparse to dense stellate or simple bristles.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 3·5–12 × 2·5–10 cm., ovate, broadly ovate or suborbicular, pubescent to densely pubescent with few to numerous branched or simple bristles mainly on the lower surface, apex acute, margin serrate, base cordate, truncate or broadly cuneate; petiole up to 8·5 cm. long, hairy like the stems; stipules up to 5 mm. long, filiform.
    Flowers
    Flowers up to 5 cm. in diam., yellow with reddish or purple centre, solitary, axillary; peduncle up to 4 cm. long, articulated above the middle.
    Epicalyx
    Epicalyx of c. 10 bracts; bracts up to 12 mm. long, filiform, usually extending beyond the sinuses formed by the calyx-lobes.
    Calyx
    Calyx up to 25 mm. long; lobes elongate-acuminate, joined at the base for up to 8 mm.
    Corolla
    Petals up to 3 × 2 cm., obovate-elliptic, stellate-pubescent outside where not overlapping.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube c. 18 mm. long; free parts of filaments 0·5–1·5 mm. long.
    Style
    Style-branches 2 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 12 × 10 mm., subglobose, densely pubescent; awns of the carpels up to 5 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2·3 × 1·8 mm., angular-subreniform, sparsely white-lepidote.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Sudan, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Hibiscus rhabdotospermus Garcke appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    unknown [86] K000240727

    First published in Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 7: 839 (1849)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 2(2): 202 (1995).
    • F.Z. 1(2): 466 (1961)
    • F.P.S. 2: 24 (1952)
    • F.T.A. 1: 200 (1868)
    • Bot. Zeit. 7: 839 (1849)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0