1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Hibiscus L.
      1. Hibiscus rhodanthus Gürke

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Uganda to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Perennial herb 5 cm.-l m. tall, producing annual shoots from a woody root-stock; sterns stellate-setose or stellate-setulose.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 2–13 × 0·8–3 cm., oblong or oblong-elliptic to very narrowly oblong, sparsely to fairly densely stellate-setose, apex acute or rounded, margin rather distantly serrate, base cuneate to rounded usually 3-nerved; petiole 1–14 mm. long; stipules 2–4 mm. long, acicular.
    Flowers
    Flowers 2·5–4 cm. in diam., red, solitary, axillary and often forming terminal racemes or panicles by reduction of the upper leaves; peduncle up to 5 cm. long, stellate-hispid, rather inconspicuously articulated usually near the middle.
    Epicalyx
    Epicalyx of 6–7 bracts; bracts 1–4 mm. long, linear to subulate.
    Calyx
    Calyx up to 8 mm. long, stellate-hispid outside, glabrous inside; lobes 3–6 × 1·5–3 mm., lanceolate to triangular, slightly connate or joined nearly to half-way.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 6–8 mm. long; free parts of filaments 1·5–4 mm. long.
    Style
    Style projecting up to 10 mm. beyond the staminal tube, branches 3·5–4·5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 8–10 × 10–12 mm., subglobose, usually densely pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds with a white silky floss.
    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: Angola, Pungo Andongo, near Gintage, Welwitsch 4901 (?B†, holo; BM!, K!, LISU, iso.)
    Habit
    Suffrutex 15–60 cm tall, from a tuberous rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems densely to sparsely stellate-pubescent and/or setose, becoming glabrous and longitudinally ridged with age
    Leaves
    Leaves narrowly elliptic, 2.8–7 × 1.8–3.2 cm, apex acute, obtuse or rounded, base cuneate or rounded, margins serrate, stellate-setose above and below; petiole 4–7 mm long, stellate-setose; stipules linear 3–4 × 0.5 mm, setose
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in the leaf axils; pedicel 1.2–5 cm long, articulated in the upper half, stellate-setose; epicalyx of 8–10 linear or narrowly triangular bracts 2–3 × 0.5–0.8 mm, setose; calyx lobes triangular 5–7 × 2–3 mm, fused in the lower third, setose
    Corolla
    Corolla red, 15–20 mm long, stellate-setose outside, glabrous inside.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 7–12 mm long; filaments 1–3 mm long; exserted part of styles 3–4 mm long, glabrous
    Fruits
    Capsule spherical, 5–10 mm in diameter, sparsely simple setose.
    Seeds
    Seeds reniform, black, 3–4 × 2 mm, the hairs brown, 5–8 mm long.
    Ecology
    Plateau grassland and woodland; 1250–2200 m
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U2 U3 T4 T7 T8 Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Hibiscus rhodanthus Gürke appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 15, 2008 Luke, W.R.Q. [11630], Tanzania K000197336
    Bidgood, S. [5353], Tanzania K000190583
    Welw. [4901] K000240684

    First published in Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 405 (1895)

    Accepted by

    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F.C.B. 10: 128 (1963).
    • F.Z. 1(2): 457 (1961)
    • Bull. Herb. Boiss. III: 405 (1895)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0