1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Hibiscus L.
      1. Hibiscus shirensis Sprague & Hutch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central African Republic to Tanzania and S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Shrub or perennial herb, up to 2–4(5) m. tall; stems with fuscous stellate hairs and an underlying pubescence of finer, pale green, stellate hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina up to 10 × 7 cm., ovate to ovate-lanceolate with a tendency to become 3-lobed, stellate-pubescent to stellate-tomentose on both surfaces with occasional larger fuscous stellate hairs, apex acute, margin irregularly serrate, base obtuse to cordate 5–7-nerved.
    Flowers
    Flowers 2–3 cm. in diam., red, solitary, axillary and forming terminal racemes (sometimes corymbose) at the apices of the stems by reduction of the upper leaves; peduncles up to 6 cm. long but usually much shorter.
    Epicalyx
    Epicalyx of 6–8 bracts; bracts 2–7 mm. long, filiform to linear, silvery-green when dried and contrasting strongly with the fuscous calyx.
    Calyx
    Calyx 8–14 mm. long, fuscous-pilose; lobes 5–13 × 2–5 mm., narrowly lanceolate, acute.
    Corolla
    Petals 7–20 mm. long, obovate, with a few scattered setulose stellate hairs.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 4–5 mm. long; free parts of filaments 2–3(5) mm. long.
    Style
    Style-branches 3–5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 10 mm. in diam., subglobose, puberulous.
    Seeds
    Seeds with long white silky hairs and a short white pubescence.
    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: Malawi, Banks of Likangola river, Buchanan 385 (K!, holo.)
    Habit
    Perennial erect herb 1–2 m tall.
    Stem
    Stems stellate-pubescent and sparsely to densely brown-stellate-hispid, especially toward the apex, becoming glabrous brown and longitudinally ridged with age
    Leaves
    Leaves simple-ovate to shallowly 3-lobed, 4–9 × 2–6 cm, apex acuminate, obtuse or acute, base rounded or truncate, margin crenate or serrate, stellate-pubescent above and below; petiole 1–4 cm long, stellate-pubescent; stipules linear, 4–8 × 0.1–0.5 mm, pubescent
    Flowers
    Flowers in axillary cymes, rarely solitary, toward the stem apex; pedicel 1–6.5 cm long, articulated in the top quarter, stellatepubescent and sparsely to densely brown-stellate-setose; epicalyx of 8 linear bracts 4–8 × 0.6–1 mm, stellate-pubescent on both surfaces with a prominent median vein; calyx lobes lanceolate to ovate-acuminate, 6–10 × 2–5 mm, stellate-pubescent and brown-stellate-hispid on the outside, simple pubescent on the inside, fused in the lower half
    Corolla
    Corolla red, 12–16 mm long, stellate-pubescent outside, glabrous inside.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 5–6 mm long; filaments 2.5–3 mm long; exserted part of styles 3.5 mm long, glabrous
    Fruits
    Capsule spherical, 8–11 mm in diameter, sparsely pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds reniform, black, 2–3 × 1–2 mm, the hairs 4–6 mm long.
    Ecology
    Woodland, forest and thicket; 400–1500 m
    Distribution
    Flora districts: T6 T8 Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Central African Repu, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Hibiscus shirensis Sprague & Hutch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1952 Buchanan [385] K000240655 Unknown type material
    Richards, H.M. [16857], Zambia 1807.000

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1907: 47 (1907)

    Accepted by

    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F.C.B. 10: 125 (1963).
    • F.Z. 1(2): 451 (1961)
    • K.B. 1907: 47 (1907)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0