1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Hibiscus L.
      1. Hibiscus sidiformis Baill.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Annual herb from 6 cm. to 1 m. tall, erect or with arcuate-ascending branches from near the base; young stems densely pubescent or tomentellous with occasional longer weak or stiffish hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 1–5 × 1–5 cm., broadly ovate to suborbicular, often not or scarcely lobed towards the base of the stem, becoming shallowly to deeply 3-lobed towards the apex, hairy like the young stems on both surfaces, lobes broadly elliptic to almost linear, usually narrower in the upper leaves, apex acute to rounded, margin entire or coarsely serrate, base usually cordate; petiole up to 4·5 cm. long, hairy like the young stems; stipules 1–2 mm. long, filiform, caducous.
    Flowers
    Flowers 3–3·5 cm. in diam., white or pale yellow, solitary, axillary; peduncle up to 4 cm. long, slender, pubescent, articulated c. 2 mm. below the apex.
    Epicalyx
    Epicalyx absent.
    Calyx
    Calyx 8–13 mm. long, becoming somewhat scarious in fruit, hairy like the young stems; lobes narrowly lanceolate, joined for c. 3 mm. at the base.
    Corolla
    Petals up to 18 × 8 mm., narrowly obovate, glabrous.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube up to 12 mm. long, antheriferous only in the upper half; free parts of filaments 1·5–2 mm. long.
    Style
    Style-branches c. 0·5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 5–8 × 5–6 mm., ellipsoid, carpels pointed or with short awns 0·5–1 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2 × 1·5 mm., irregularly subreniform, densely verruculose otherwise glabrous.
    [FWTA]

    Malvaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    An erect, branching, pubescent herb, woody below
    Flowers
    Flowers pale yellow less than 1 in. long.
    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: Madagascar, Humblot 645 (P, holo.)
    Habit
    Herb up to 1 m tall.
    Stem
    Stem simple-pubescent and hispid
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate to ovatelanceolate, simple to digitately trifoliolate, 1–5 × 1–1.5 cm, the leaflets linear to linear-lanceolate, ± equal, apex acute or acuminate, base cordate or truncate, margin entire, sub-entire or dentate, glabrous to sparsely pubescent-hispid above and below;
    Petiole
    Petiole (1.5–)2–5 cm long, pubescent and hispid; stipules linear, 2–4 × 0.5 mm, hispid, caducuous
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in the leaf axils; pedicel 1.4–4.5 cm long, articulated in the top third, pubescent-hispid; epicalyx lacking or rudimentary, to 0.1 mm long; calyx lobes linear-lanceolate, 7–12 mm long, united in the lower third, sparsely pubescent-hispid, each with a prominent median vein and two less prominent lateral ones
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow, 10–15 mm long; glabrous to very sparsely stellate-hispid outside, glabrous within.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 8 mm long; filaments 2 mm long; exserted part of style 1–1.5 mm long, glabrous
    Fruits
    Capsule straw-coloured, ellipsoid, 6–8 mm long, 4–6 mm diameter, setose, half to two-thirds as long as the enclosing persistent calyx, desintegrating at maturity, valves acuminate, papery.
    Seeds
    Seeds black, wedge-shaped, (1–)2 × 2 mm, tuberculate
    Figures
    Fig 8: 10, 11, p 57
    Ecology
    Rocky areas in dry woodland; 350–1100 m
    Distribution
    Flora districts: K1 K3 K4 K7 T2 T6 T7 Range: Tropical and southern Africa, Madagascar

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Senegal, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Réunion

    Hibiscus sidiformis Baill. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 16, 2008 Crawford, F. [157], Namibia K000450333
    Baron, R. [5725], Madagascar K000240626
    Humblot, M. [635], Madagascar K000240627

    First published in Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 518 (1885)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1987). Flore des Mascareignes 51-62: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in Bull. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 518 (1885).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1987). Flore des Mascareignes 51-62: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Somalia 2: 50, fig. 28j–k (1999).
    • Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 2(2): 205 (1995)
    • U.K.W.F. ed 2: 98 (1994)
    • F.Z. 1 (2): 445 (1961)
    • Hochr., Fl. Madag., Malvac.: 44, t. 12 fig. 4–5 (1955)
    • Bull. Soc. Linn. Par. I: 518 (1855)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/