1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Hibiscus L.
      1. Hibiscus somalensis Franch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Ethiopia to NE. Kenya, Socotra, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: Somalia, Warsangeli Mts [Oursangelicus], Revoil s.n. (P, holo.)
    Habit
    Shrub 10–60 cm tall, from a tuberous rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems stellate-hispid, becoming glabrous with age
    Leaves
    Leaves elliptic or ovate, 19–38 × 6–20 mm, with 2 or 3 rounded lobes on each side, apex rounded or truncate, base cuneate or rounded, margin crenate or serrate, sparsely stellate-pubescent above and below, stellate-hispid below; petiole 3–12 mm long, stellate-hispid; stipules linear, 2–5 × 0.5 mm, hispid
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in the leaf axils, pedicel 16–33 mm long, hispid and/or pubescent; epicalyx of 8–10 linear bracts 4–5 × 0.5 mm, pubescent and/or hispid, reflexed at anthesis; calyx lobes lanceolate, 7–9 × 1–1.5 mm, fused in the lower third, hispid
    Corolla
    Corolla 10–13 mm long, bright scarlet, stellate-hispid on the outside, glabrous on the inside.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 5–7 mm long, anthers located on the apical half only; filaments 0.2–0.5 mm long; exserted part of styles 3–5 mm long, glabrous
    Fruits
    Capsule spherical, 6–8 mm in diameter, glabrous or sparsely pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds reniform, brown, 3 × 3 mm, the hairs 4–6 mm long.
    Ecology
    Dry bushland and scrub; 30–1250 m
    Distribution
    Flora districts: K1 Range: Ethiopia, Somalia, Arabia

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Djibouti, Kenya, Saudi Arabia, Socotra, Somalia, Yemen

    Hibiscus somalensis Franch. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sert. Somal.: 17 (1882)

    Accepted by

    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 2(2): 208 (1995).
    • E.P.A.: 568 (1959)
    • Revoil Çomali: 17 (1882)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0