1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Hibiscus L.
      1. Hibiscus sparseaculeatus Baker f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Ethiopia to N. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: Somalia, Sheik Pass, Freemantle s.n. (BM!, holo.)
    Habit
    Shrub 1.2–5 m high.
    Stem
    Stems glabrous, pale brown, with a waxy appearance; prickles stout, 2–4 mm long, from shield-like base, sometimes 3-pronged or recurved
    Leaves
    Leaves circular to broadly ovate, 10–35 × 8–45 mm, sometimes slightly trilobed, apex obtuse to truncate, base obtuse to slightly cordate, margin entire, serrate or shallowly dentate, midrib often with prominent extra floral gland on underside at base, subtomentose to subscabrid; petiole 6–35 mm long, subtomentose; stipules lanceolate, 2.5–3.5 × 0.5–1 mm, sparsely hispid
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in the leaf axils, pendulous; pedicel 7–10 mm long, articulated at base, tomentose and/or hispid; epicalyx of 7 or 8 narrowly triangular bracts, 5–12 × 0.3–0.5 mm, spreading, pubescent
    Calyx
    Sepals narrowly triangular, 7–8 × 1–4 mm, each with a nectary midway along its central vein
    Corolla
    Corolla yellow with brown or purple patch at base inside, 30–65 mm long, sparsely pubescent outside, glabrous inside.
    Stamens
    Staminal column 27–40 mm long; filaments 1 mm long; exserted part of style 4–7 mm long, glabrous or puberulous
    Fruits
    Capsule 15–17 mm long, 12–13 mm in diameter, setose.
    Seeds
    Seeds 4–5angular, 4–5 × 3 mm, with appressed ovate, truncate scales.
    Ecology
    Rocky slopes in deciduous woodland; 1000–1900 m
    Distribution
    Range: Ethiopia, Somalia Flora districts: K1 K3 K4 K7 T2 T3

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania

    Hibiscus sparseaculeatus Baker f. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in J. Bot. 76: 22 (1936)

    Accepted by

    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Lond. (Bot.) 29(1): 62 (1999).
    • Fl. Somalia 2: 46, fig. 25g (1999)
    • Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 2 (2): 196 (1995)
    • Edmonds, Distr. Hibiscus Sect. Furcaria Trop. E. Afr.: 19 (1991)
    • E.P.A.: 568 (1959)
    • J.B. 76: 22 (1938)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0