1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Chiococca P.Browne
      1. Chiococca alba (L.) Hitchc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2440 m.; Andes, Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Arbusto, trepadora
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Ecology
    Alt. 0 - 2440 m.
    Distribution
    Native from Colombia.
    Conservation
    Not Evaluated.
    Habit
    Shrub or creeper.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 880 - 2370 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Liana
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [UPB]
    Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
    Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Galápagos, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

    Common Names

    Spanish
    Crucecita, raíz de muerciélago, caica, cainica.

    Chiococca alba (L.) Hitchc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 18, 2015 Corcoran, M.R. [117] 76817.000
    Jan 1, 2009 Salino, A. [5984], Brazil K000265477
    Jan 1, 2009 Tameirao Neto, E. [3071], Brazil K000265478
    May 6, 2008 Hamilton, M.A. [300], Montserrat 76509.000
    Jan 1, 2006 Nunes, T. S. [876], Bahia K000265002
    Jan 1, 2005 de Queiroz, L.P. [6381], Bahia K000173303
    Jan 1, 2005 Spruce, R. [3933], Peru K000006576
    Jan 1, 2005 Spruce, R. [3933], Peru K000006577
    Jan 1, 2005 Spruce, R. [3933*], Peru K000006578
    Jan 1, 2005 Spruce, R. [3937], Peru K000006579
    Jan 1, 2005 Giulietti, A. M. [1867], Bahia K000265004
    Jan 1, 2003 Thomas, W.W. [12872], Brazil K000265197
    Jan 1, 1999 Harley, R. et al [PCD 5564], Bahia K000265001
    Jan 1, 1998 Thomas, W.W. et al. [9381], Brazil K000265149
    Jan 1, 1998 Amorim, A.M. et al. [959], Brazil K000265142
    Jan 1, 1998 de Carvalho, A.M. et al. [6191], Brazil K000265159
    Jan 1, 1998 de Carvalho, A.M. et al. [3921], Brazil K000265160
    Jan 1, 1997 Boone, W. [118], Brazil K000836364
    Oct 9, 1984 Collares [114], Bahia K000265003
    Jan 1, 1971 Irwin, H.S. [15847], Brazil K000836329
    Dusén, P. [16633], Brazil K000836361
    Dusén, P. [10064], Brazil K000836362
    Moore, S. [741], Brazil K000836333
    Hoehne, W. [s.n.], Brazil K000836332
    Fróes, R.L. [11507], Brazil K000836330
    Rambo, B. [46546], Brazil K000836331
    Greene, L. [HS11], Bermuda K000214350
    Gardner [6041], Brazil K000836357
    Gardner [6041], Brazil K000836358
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K000836356
    Burchell [4572], Brazil K000836359
    Burchell [4019], Brazil K000836363
    Burchell [4151], Brazil K000836349
    Burchell [5048], Brazil K000836350
    Burchell [3214], Brazil K000836355
    Glaziou [9864], Brazil K000836351
    Glaziou [10941], Brazil K000836352
    Glaziou [10942], Brazil K000836353
    Glaziou [9870], Brazil K000836354
    Darwin, C. [s.n.], Galápagos Chiococca trisperma K000432644 isolectotype
    illegible [109], Galápagos Chiococca trisperma K000432646
    Habel [s.n.], Galápagos Chiococca trisperma K000432645
    Irwin, H.S. [26906], Brazil Chiococca pubescens K001137390
    Britton, N.L. [430], Bahamas Chiococca pinetorum K000432652 Unknown type material
    Pohl [794], Brazil Chiococca densifolia K001194992
    Blanchet [3276], Brazil Chiococca densifolia K001194989
    Blanchet [3276], Brazil Chiococca densifolia K001194990
    Chamisso [s.n.] Chiococca densifolia K001194988
    Lima, A. [1914], Brazil Chiococca densifolia K001194994
    Langsdorff [s.n.], Brazil Chiococca densifolia K001194982
    Miers, J. [3581], Brazil Chiococca densifolia K001194980
    Weir, J. [473], Brazil Chiococca densifolia K001194983
    Saint-Hilaire [s.n.], Brazil Chiococca densifolia K001194985
    Saint-Hilaire, A. [s.n.] Chiococca densifolia K001194987
    Glaziou, A. [6563], Brazil Chiococca densifolia K001194979
    Gardner [1418], Brazil Chiococca densifolia K001194993
    s.coll. [793], Brazil Chiococca densifolia K001194991
    Tweedie [93], Brazil Chiococca densifolia K001194986
    Glaziou [10943], Brazil Chiococca densifolia K001194984
    Johnston, J.R. [115], Venezuela Chiococca micrantha K000432648

    First published in Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 4: 94 (1893)

    Accepted by

    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera, C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2014). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 7: 1-840. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Marques de Paiva, A. & Lopes, R.C. (2013). Rubiaceae na área de proteção ambiental palares, Paty do Alferes, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Pesquisas: Botanica 64: 39-64.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Borhidi, A. (2012). Rubiáceas de México, ed. 2: 1-608. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Delprete, P.G. (2010). Rubiaceae Flora dos estados de Goiás e Tocantins 40: 1-1610. Universidade Federal de Goiás.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Sant'Ana Melhem, T., das Graças Lapa Wanderley, M., Ehlin Martins, S., Jung-Mendaçolli, S.L., Shepherd, G.J. & Kirizawa, M. (eds.) (2007). Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo 5: 1-476. Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo.
    • Delprete, P.G. & Cortés-B., R. (2006 publ. 2007). A synopsis of the Rubiaceae of the states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, with a key to genera, and a preliminary species list Revista de Biologia Neotropical 3: 13-96.
    • Oliveira-Filho, A.T. (2006). Catálogo das Árvores nativas de Minas Gerais: 1-423. Editora UFLA, Lavas, Brasil.
    • Delprete, P.G., Smith, L.B. & Klein, R.M. (2004). Flora Ilustrada Catarinense 1: 1-344. Herbário "Barbosa Rodrigues", Atají, Brasil.
    • Mendoza, H., Ramirez P., B.R. & Jimenez, L.C. (2004). Rubiaceae de Colombia: guia ilustrada de generos: 1-351. Instituto de Investigacion de Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt, Bogota, Colombia.
    • Berry, P.E., Yatskievych, K. & Holst, B.K. (eds.) in Steyermark, J., Berry, P.E., Holts, B.K. (eds). (2004). Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana 8: 1-874. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
    • Linares, J.L. (2003 publ. 2005). Lista comentado de los árboles nativos y cultivados en la República de El Salvador Ceiba; a Scientific and Technical Journal Published by Zamorano 44: 105-268.
    • Zappi, D.C. & al. (2003). Lista das plantas vasculares de Catoles Boletim de Botânica da Universidade de São Paulo 21(2): 345-398.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Cirilo, N. & Proctor, G.R. (1994). Vascular plants of the Caribbean Swan islands of Honduras Brenesia 41-42: 73-80.
    • Williams, R.O. & Cheeseman, E.E. in Williams, R.O. (1928). Rubiales Flora of Trinidad and Tobago 2(1): 1-48. Government Printing Office, Port-of-Spain.

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    • Kew’s Economic Botany collection in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/
    • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • GBIF (2008- continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
    • Ruhsam, M in Ruhsam, M. (2005). Survey of all the Rubiaceae specimens at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Delprete, P.G., Smith, L.B. & Klein, R.M. (2004). Flora Ilustrada Catarinense 1: 1-344. Herbário "Barbosa Rodrigues", Atají, Brasil.
    • Cirilo, N. & Proctor, G.R. (1994). Vascular plants of the Caribbean Swan islands of Honduras Brenesia 41-42: 73-80.
    • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/