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  1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Eremomastax Lindau

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Acanthaceae (part 2), Kaj Vollesen. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Habit
    Perennial or shrubby herb; cystoliths conspicuous; stems indistinctly quadrangular
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite
    Flowers
    Flowers in open to dense dichasial cymes aggregated into small to large open to condensed terminal panicles, pedicellate; bracteoles usually conspicuous, often caducous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-lobed, divided almost to base; lobes subequal or dorsal slightly wider, linear, narrowing slightly upwards
    Corolla
    Corolla contorted in bud; tube long, cylindric, slightly curved, without clearly delimited throat, split dorsally to give a 5-lobed lower lip with horizontally spreading lobes, limb without stiff hairs, not pleated
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, subequal or slightly didynamous, exserted, inserted just inside tube; filaments forming indistinct glabrous ridges in tube, free part of each pair fused at base; anthers 2-thecous, thecae linear-oblong, slightly curved, longitudinally twisted when old, truncate at apex, apiculate at base
    Ovary
    Ovary with 4–8 ovules per locule.
    Style
    Style filiform, hairy almost to apex
    Stigma
    Dorsal stigma lobe a minute tooth, ventral large, linear, flattened
    Fruits
    Capsule (4–)6–16-seeded, ellipsoid, thin-walled, glossy, slightly laterally compressed, valves sulcate dorsally; retinaculae strong, hooked
    Seeds
    Seed discoid, ovoid-suborbicular in outline, covered in hygroscopic hairs
    Distribution
    Range: Monotypic genus from the Guineo-Congolian forest regions of Africa and on Madagascar.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Accepted Species

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Eremomastax Lindau appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 20: 8 (1894)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 20: 8 (1894).

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • E.J. 20: 8 (1894)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0