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This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Verde to NW. India.
Cocculus pendulus

[FTEA]

Menispermaceae, G. Troupin. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

Morphology General Habit
Liane with stem up to 15 cm. in diameter at ground-level; young branchlets slender, puberulous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with petiole 0.2–1 cm. long; blade oblong-lanceolate, sometimes ovate in the lower leaves, base broadened, cuneate, ± rounded or trilobed-hastate, apex obtuse and mucronulate or sometimes emarginate, 1.3–5 cm. long, 0.5–1.8 cm. wide, usually glabrous or very slightly puberulous on both sides; basal nerves 3.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers with ovate-elliptic, ± fleshy to membranous sepals thickened at base, the 3 outer 1–1.5 mm. long, 0.4–0.7 mm. wide, sparsely puberulous and ciliate, the 3 inner larger, puberulous to glabrous; petals subovate to obovate, 0.7–2 mm. long, 0.5–1 mm. wide; stamens 0.8–1.5 mm. long. Female flowers with staminodes 0.5–1 mm. long; carpels 0.8–1 mm. long.
sex Male
Male flowers with ovate-elliptic, ± fleshy to membranous sepals thickened at base, the 3 outer 1–1.5 mm. long, 0.4–0.7 mm. wide, sparsely puberulous and ciliate, the 3 inner larger, puberulous to glabrous; petals subovate to obovate, 0.7–2 mm. long, 0.5–1 mm. wide; stamens 0.8–1.5 mm. long. Male inflorescences of many-flowered, axillary, fasciculate or ± congested cymules, rarely solitary, (0.5–1.5) 2 cm. long; peduncles up to 1.3 cm. long; pedicels short or absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Female inflorescences of few-flowered, solitary or clustered cymules 0.7–1.3 cm. long; pedicels up to 1 cm. long; bracteoles 1 or 2, 0.5 mm. long. Male inflorescences of many-flowered, axillary, fasciculate or ± congested cymules, rarely solitary, (0.5–1.5) 2 cm. long; peduncles up to 1.3 cm. long; pedicels short or absent.
sex Female
Female inflorescences of few-flowered, solitary or clustered cymules 0.7–1.3 cm. long; pedicels up to 1 cm. long; bracteoles 1 or 2, 0.5 mm. long. Female flowers with staminodes 0.5–1 mm. long; carpels 0.8–1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupes 4–7 mm. long and 4–5 mm. wide; endocarp ribbed on the lateral faces and without a prominent dorsal crest; septum of the condyle not perforated.
Habitat
Semi-desert scrub and deciduous bushland, about 700 m.
Distribution
widely spread from the Cape Verde Is. & Spanish Sahara to Somalia K2

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Woody climber; young branchlets pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades ovate to oblong-lanceolate, 1.3–5 x 0.5–1.8 cm, cuneate to trilobed at the base, obtuse and mucronulate to emarginate at the apex, glabrous or slightly pubescent, 3-nerved at the base; petiole 0.2–1 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers with petals 0.7–2 mm long; stamens 0.8–1.5 mm long Female flowers with staminodes 0.5–1 mm long; carpels c. 1 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupes 4–7 x 4–5 mm; endocarp ribbed on lateral faces.
Distribution
N1–3; C1
Ecology
Altitude range 300–1200 m.
Vernacular
Majabe, maskar (Somali).

[FSOM]
Use
The bark is used to make coarse strings for loading camels.

Native to:

Angola, Cape Verde, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Gulf States, India, Iran, Kenya, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, West Himalaya, Western Sahara, Yemen

Cocculus pendulus (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Diels appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1914 Gardner [s.n.], India K000644673
Jan 1, 1914 Wallich [4975], India K000644675
Jan 1, 1914 Wallich, N. [4975], India K000644674
Moseley [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134513
Chevalier, A. [44748], Cape Verde K001134514
Welwitsch [2320], Cape Verde K001134515
Brunner [s.n.], Cape Verde K001134512

First published in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 94: 237 (1910)

Accepted by

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Guinea, E. (1948). Catálogo razonado de las plantas del Sáhara Español Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 8: 357-429.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1970-1995). Flora of West Pakistan 1-131.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Troupin, G. (1956). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Menispermaceae: 1-32.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Chev. Fl. Viv. 1: 98.
  • in Engl. Pflanzenr. Menisp. 237, t. 78, 0 (1910)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Chev., F.V.A.O.F. 1: 98 (1938).
  • Cufodontis in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 24, suppl.: 113 (1954).
  • Diels in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich, IV. 94: 237, fig. 78 (1910).
  • Hutch. & Dalz., Flora of West Tropical Africa 1: 79 (1927)
  • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa ed. 2, 1: 76 (1954).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/