1. Family: Menispermaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Jateorhiza Miers
      1. Jateorhiza palmata (Lam.) Miers

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Kenay to S. Tropical Africa, Mauritius.

    [FTEA]

    Menispermaceae, G. Troupin. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

    Habit
    Liane with branchlets densely pubescent at first, later strigose.
    Leaves
    Leaves with strigose petioles 18–25 cm. long; blade broadly rounded, deeply cordate at base, generally with 5 broadly ovate lobes, acuminate at apex, sometimes angular, 15–35 cm. long, 16–40 cm. wide, membranous, clothed with strigose hairs on both sides, rarely glabrescent; basal nerves 5–7, palmate.
    Inflorescences
    Male inflorescences 40 cm. long; lateral branches 2–10 cm. long; main axis strigose; secondary axes sometimes glabrous, with a linear-lanceolate ciliate bract at base; pedicels absent. Female inflorescences 8–10 cm. long.
    Male
    Male inflorescences 40 cm. long; lateral branches 2–10 cm. long; main axis strigose; secondary axes sometimes glabrous, with a linear-lanceolate ciliate bract at base; pedicels absent. Male flowers with greenish sepals, 2.7–3.2 mm. long and 1.3–1.6 mm. wide; petals 1.8–2.2 mm. long; stamens free, slightly adnate to the base of the petals, 1–1.8 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Male flowers with greenish sepals, 2.7–3.2 mm. long and 1.3–1.6 mm. wide; petals 1.8–2.2 mm. long; stamens free, slightly adnate to the base of the petals, 1–1.8 mm. long. Female flowers with carpels 1–1.5 mm. long, rusty-pubescent.
    Female
    Female inflorescences 8–10 cm. long. Female flowers with carpels 1–1.5 mm. long, rusty-pubescent.
    Fruits
    Drupes 2–2.5 cm. long, 1.5–2 cm. wide.
    Habitat
    Lowland rain-forest and riverine forest, 0–1500 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T3 T7 T8
    [FZ]

    Menispermaceae, G. Troupin. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Liane with branchlets densely pubescent at first, later strigose.
    Roots
    Rootstock tuberous.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 15–35 x 16–40 cm., broadly rounded, deeply cordate at the base, generally with 5 broadly ovate lobes, acuminate at the apex, sometimes angular, membranous, with strigose hairs on both sides, rarely glabrescent; basal nerves 5–7, palmate, petiole 18–25 cm. long, strigose.
    Flowers
    Male flowers with greenish sepals 2.7–3.2 x 1.3–1.6 mm.; petals 1.8–2.2 mm. long; stamens 1–1.8 mm. long, free, slightly adnate to the base of the petals. Female flowers with carpels 1–1.5 mm. long, rusty-pubescent.
    Male
    Male flowers with greenish sepals 2.7–3.2 x 1.3–1.6 mm.; petals 1.8–2.2 mm. long; stamens 1–1.8 mm. long, free, slightly adnate to the base of the petals. Male inflorescences 40 cm. long; lateral branches 2–10 cm. long; main axes strigose; secondary axes sometimes glabrous, with a linear-lanceolate ciliate bract at the base; pedicels absent.
    Inflorescences
    Female inflorescences 8–10 cm. long. Male inflorescences 40 cm. long; lateral branches 2–10 cm. long; main axes strigose; secondary axes sometimes glabrous, with a linear-lanceolate ciliate bract at the base; pedicels absent.
    Female
    Female inflorescences 8–10 cm. long. Female flowers with carpels 1–1.5 mm. long, rusty-pubescent.
    Fruits
    Drupelets 2–2.5 x 1.5–2 cm.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Ghana

    Jateorhiza palmata (Lam.) Miers appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1951 Bojer [s.n.], Mauritius K000230228
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4953] Cocculus palmatus K001104290
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4953] Cocculus palmatus K001104291
    Telfair, C. [Cat. no. 4953], Mauritius Cocculus palmatus K001104292

    First published in W.J.Hooker, Niger Fl.: 214 (1849)

    Accepted by

    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (1956). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Menispermaceae: 1-32.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 327 (1949).
    • Diels in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 94: 166 (1910).
    • Dur. & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 1 (2): 46 (1898).
    • Miers in Hook., Niger Fl. 214 (1849).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0